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Incarnation and PhysicsNatural Science in the Theology of Thomas F. Torrance$

Tapio Luoma

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195151893

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195151895.001.0001

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(p.209) Bibliography

(p.209) Bibliography

Source:
Incarnation and Physics
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Works by Torrance

AT “The Arnoldshain Theses on Holy Communion.” Scottish Journal of Theology 15 (1962): 4–21.

CAC Conflict and Agreement in the Church. 2 vols. London: Lutterworth Press, 1959–60.

CDG The Christian Doctrine of God, One Being Three Persons. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1996.

CDM Calvin's Doctrine of Man. London: Lutterworth Press, 1949.

CFM The Christian Frame of Mind: Reason, Order, and Openness in Theology and Natural Science. Introduction by W. Jim Neidhardt. Colorado Springs, Colo.: Helmers & Howard, 1989.

CLU “The Christ Who Loves Us.” In A Passion for Christ: The Vision That Ignites Ministry, ed. Gerrit Dawson and Jock Stein, 8–20. Edinburgh: Handsel Press, 1999.

COM “Comment.” In The New Valamo Consultation: The Ecumenical Nature of the Orthodox Witness, 41–42. Geneva: World Council of Churches, 1977.

CT “Introduction.” In The Calvin Treasury: Selections from the Institutes of the Christian Religion, ed. William F. Keesecker, v–xiii. London: SCM Press, 1963.

CTSC Christian Theology and Scientific Culture. Belfast: Christian Journals Limited, 1980.

DCO Divine and Contingent Order. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981.

DM Divine Meaning: Studies in Patristic Hermeneutics. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1995.

DTE “Introduction.” In A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field, ed. Thomas F. Torrance, 1–27. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1982.

EG “Einstein and God.” Reflections 1 (1998): 2–25.

FB “The Framework of Belief.” In Belief in Science and in Christian Life: The Relevance of Michael Polanyi's Thought for Christian Faith and Life, ed. Thomas F. Torrance, 1–27. Edinburgh: Handsel Press, 1980.

GGT The Ground and Grammar of Theology. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1980.

GR God and Rationality. London: Oxford University Press, 1971.

HAS “Hermeneutics according to F. D. E. Schleiermacher.” Scottish Journal of Theology 21 (1968): 257–67.

HJC The Hermeneutics of John Calvin. Monograph Supplements to the Scottish Journal of Theology. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1988.

INC “Introduction.” In The Incarnation: Ecumenical Studies in the Nicene‐Constantinopolitan Creed A.D. 381, ed. Thomas F. Torrance, xi–xxii. Edinburgh: Handsel Press, 1981.

KB Karl Barth, Biblical and Evangelical Theologian. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1990. (p.210)

KBI Karl Barth: An Introduction to His Early Theology, 1910–1931. London: SCM Press, 1962.

KC Kingdom and Church: A Study in the Theology of the Reformation. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 1956.

MC The Mediation of Christ. Revised ed. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1992.

MEM “Memoranda on Orthodox/Reformed Relations.” In Theological Dialogue between Orthodox and Reformed Churches, vol. 1, ed. Thomas F. Torrance, 3–18. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1985.

NTC “Notes on Terms and Concepts.” In Belief in Science and in Christian Life: The Relevance of Michael Polanyi's Thought for Christian Faith and Life, ed. Thomas F. Torrance, 133–47. Edinburgh: Handsel Press, 1980.

PCT Preaching Christ Today: The Gospel and Scientific Thinking. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1994.

PJC “Preaching Jesus Christ.” In A Passion for Christ: The Vision That Ignites Ministry, ed. Gerrit Dawson and Jock Stein, 23–32. Edinburgh: Handsel Press, 1999.

RCF “Reaffirming the Cornerstone of Faith.” The Scotsman (3 Jan. 1994): 10.

RET Reality and Evangelical Theology. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1982.

RP Royal Priesthood: A Theology of Ordained Ministry. 2d ed. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1993.

RST Reality and Scientific Theology. Theology and Science at the Frontiers of Knowledge, no. 1. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1985.

SAG “Science and Access to God.” Jian Dao 10 (1998): 43–58.

SC “Scientists Commemorating the Third Centenary of Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica.” In John Paul II on Science and Religion: Reflections on the New View from Rome, ed. Robert J. Russell, William R. Stoeger, S.J., and George V. Coyne, 105–12. Vatican: Vatican Observatory, 1990.

SF “Introduction.” In The School of Faith: The Catechisms of the Reformed Church, ed. Thomas F. Torrance, xi–cxxvi. London: James Clarke, 1959.

SJC “Service in Jesus Christ.” In Service in Christ: Essays Presented to Karl Barth on His 80th Birthday, ed. James I. McCord and T. H. Parker, 1–16. London: Epworth Press, 1966.

SPUC The Soul and the Person of the Unborn Child. Edinburgh: Handsel Press, 1999.

ST Scottish Theology: From John Knox to John McLeod Campbell. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1996.

STI Space, Time and Incarnation. London: Oxford University Press, 1969. STR Space, Time and Resurrection. Edinburgh: Handsel Press, 1976.

TCFK Transformation and Convergence in the Frame of Knowledge: Explorations in the Interrelations of Scientific and Theological Enterprise. Belfast: Christian Journals Limited, 1984.

TF The Trinitarian Faith: The Evangelical Theology of the Ancient Catholic Church. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1988.

TheRe “Theological Realism.” In The Philosophical Frontiers of Christian Theology: Essays Presented to D. M. McKinnon, eds. Brian Hebblethwaite and Stewart Sutherland, 169–96. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

TP Trinitarian Perspectives: Toward Doctrinal Agreement. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1994.

TRc Theology in Reconciliation: Essays towards Evangelical and Catholic Unity in East and West. London: Geoffrey Chapman, 1975.

TRs Theology in Reconstruction. London: SCM Press, 1965.

TS Theological Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1969.

TSB “Transfinite Significance of Beauty in Science and Theology.” In L'Art, La Science et la Métaphysique: Études offertes à André Mercier à l'occasion de son quatre‐vingtième anniversaire, (p.211) ed. Luz García Alonso, Evanghelos Moutsopoulos, and Gerhard Seel, 393–418. Bern: Peter Lang, 1993.

TSHR “Time in Scientific and Historical Research.” In Gottes Zukunft—Zukunft der Welt: Festschrift für Jürgen Moltmann, ed. Hermann Deuser, 292–97. München: Kaiser, 1986.

TVB “The Truth of the Virgin Birth.” The Herald (14 Jan. 1994): 11.

Works by Others

Achtner, Wolfgang. Physik, Mystik und Christentum: Eine Darstellung und Diskussion der natürlichen Theologie bei T. F. Torrance. European University Studies, Series 23 Theology, vol. 438. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1991.

Adams, Marilyn McCord. “Universals in the Early Fourteenth Century.” In The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy: From the Rediscovery of Aristotle to the Disintegration of Scholasticism, 1100–1600, ed. Norman Kretzmann, Anthony Kenny, and Jan Pinborg, 411–39. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Aertsen, Jan. Nature and Creature: Thomas Aquinas's Way of Thought. Studien und Texte zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters, vol. 21. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1988.

Alioto, Anthony M. A History of Western Science. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice‐Hall, 1987.

Allen, E. L. The Sovereignty of God and the Word of God: A Guide to the Thought of Karl Barth. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1967.

Aquinas, Thomas. Summa Theologica. Prima pars. 1951. Reprint. Madrid: Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos, 1978.

Ariew, Roger. “Preface.” In Medieval Cosmology: Theories of Infinity, Place, Time, Void, and the Plurality of Worlds, by Pierre Duhem, ed. Roger Ariew, xix–xxxi. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Ashworth, William B., Jr. “Catholicism and Early Modern Science.” In God and Nature: Historical Essays on the Encounter between Christianity and Science, ed. David C. Lindberg and Ronald L. Numbers, 136–66. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Athanasius. “Contra Arianos.” In Patrologiae cursus completus . Series Graeca, vol. 26, ed. J.‐P. Migne, 11–527. Paris: Garnier, 1887.

——. De Gentes and De Incarnatione, ed. Robert W. Thomson. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971.

——. “De Decretis.” In Patrologiae cursus completus . Series Graeca, vol. 25, ed. J.‐P. Migne, 415–75. Paris: Garnier, 1884.

Audi, Robert. Belief, Justification, and Knowledge: An Introduction to Epistemology. Wadsworth Basic Issues in Philosophy Series. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1988.

Augustine. The Confessions. New York: New American Library, 1963.

Baillie, Donald M. God Was in Christ: An Essay on Incarnation and Atonement. London: Faber and Faber, 1948.

Balthasar, Hans Urs von. Karl Barth: Darstellung und Deutung seiner Theologie. Köln: Verlag Jacob Hegner, 1962.

Barbour, Ian G. Myths, Models and Paradigms: The Nature of Scientific and Religious Language. London: SCM Press, 1974.

——. Religion in an Age of Science. Gifford Lectures, 1989–91, vol. 1. San Francisco: Harper, 1990.

——. “Ways of Relating Science and Theology.” In Physics, Philosophy, and Theology: A Common Quest for Understanding, ed. Robert J. Russell, William R. Stoeger, S.J., and George V. Coyne, S.J., 21–48. Vatican: Vatican Observatory, 1988.

Barnes, T. D. “The Career of Athanasius.” In Studia Patristica, vol. 21, ed. Elizabeth A. Livingstone, 390–401. Leuven: Peeters Press, 1989.

Barrow, John D. Theories of Everything: The Quest for Ultimate Explanation. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990. (p.212)

Barth, Karl. Church Dogmatics, vol. 1, part 1, ed. G. W. Bromiley and T. F. Torrance. 2d ed. 1975. Reprint. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1995.

——. Church Dogmatics, vol. 2, part 2, ed. G. W. Bromiley and T. F. Torrance. 1957. Reprint. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1994.

——. Church Dogmatics, vol. 3, part 2, ed. G. W. Bromiley and T. F. Torrance. 1960. Reprint. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1994.

——. Church Dogmatics, vol. 4, part 1, ed. G. W. Bromiley and T. F. Torrance. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1956.

——. Evangelical Theology: An Introduction. 1963. Reprint. London: Collins, 1965.

——. The Humanity of God. London: Collins, 1961.

Berkouwer, G. C. Divine Election. Studies in Dogmatics Series. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1960.

——. The Triumph of Grace in the Theology of Karl Barth. London: Paternoster Press, 1956.

Bianchi, Ugo. Selected Essays on Gnosticism, Dualism and Mysteriosophy. Studies in the History of Religions Series, no. 38. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1978.

Bienert, Wolfgang A. “Zur Logos‐Christologie des Athanasius von Alexandrien in Contra Gentes und De Incarnatione.” In Studia Patristica, vol. 21, ed. Elizabeth A. Livingstone, 402–19. Leuven: Peeters Press, 1989.

Bohm, David. Wholeness and the Implicate Order. 1980. Reprint. London: ARK Paperbacks, 1988.

Bowker, John. “Did God Create This Universe?” In The Sciences and Theology in the Twentieth Century, ed. A. R. Peacocke, 98–126. Stocksfield, Northumberland: Oriel Press, 1981.

Bridgman, Percy W. “Determinism in Modern Science.” In Determinism and Freedom in the Age of Modern Science, ed. Sidney Hook, 57–75. 1961. Reprint. New York: Collier Books, 1979.

Bridston, Keith, and Samuel Nafzger. “Lutheran‐Reformed Dialogue.” In Lutherans in Ecumenical Dialogue: A Reappraisal, ed. Joseph A. Burgess, 33–45. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 1990.

Broadie, Alexander. The Shadow of Scotus: Philosophy and Faith in Pre‐Reformation Scotland. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1995.

——. The Tradition of Scottish Philosophy: A New Perspective on the Enlightenment. Edinburgh: Polygon, 1990.

Brooke, John Hedley. Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

——. “Science and Theology in the Enlightenment.” In Religion and Science: History, Method, Dialogue, ed. W. Mark Richardson and Wesley J. Wildman, 7–27. New York: Routledge, 1996.

Brümmer, Vincent. “Does God Really Exist?” In Philosophical Studies in Religion, Metaphysics, and Ethics: Essays in Honour of Heikki Kirjavainen, ed. Timo Koistinen and Tommi Lehtonen, 17–34. Schriften der Luther‐Agricola‐Gesellschaft 38. Helsinki: Luther‐Agricola‐Society, 1997.

Buckley, Michael. At the Origins of Modern Atheism. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1987.

Bultmann, Rudolf. Existence and Faith: Shorter Writings of Rudolf Bultmann, ed. Schubert M. Ogden. London: Collins, 1964.

Bunge, Mario. Intuition and Science. 1962. Reprint. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1975.

Burtt, Edwin Arthur. The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science. 2d ed., 1932. Reprint. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1980.

Byrne, James. Glory, Jest and Riddle: Religious Thought in the Enlightenment. London: SCM Press, 1996.

Cahalan, John C. Causal Realism: An Essay on Philosophical Method and the Foundations of Knowledge. Sources in Semiotics Series, vol. 2. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1985. (p.213)

Calvin, Jean. Institutio Christianae Religionis. Ioannis Calvini opera omnia, vol. 2, ed. Guilielmus Baum, Eduardus Cunitz, and Eduardus Reuss. Brunsvig: C. A. Schwetschke et Filium, 1864.

Čapek, Milič. The Philosophical Impact of Contemporary Physics. Princeton, N.J.: Van Nostrand, 1961.

——. “What Survives from the Classical Concept of Absolute Time.” In Newton's Scientific and Philosophical Legacy, ed. P. B. Scheurer and G. Debrock, 309–19. International Archives of the History of Ideas 123. Dodrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988.

Case‐Winters, Anna. “The Question of God in an Age of Science: Constructions of Reality and Ultimate Reality in Theology and Science.” Zygon 32, no. 3 (Sept. 1997): 351–75.

Chadwick, Henry. The Early Church. Penguin History of the Church, vol. 1. 1972. Reprint, London: Penguin Books, 1993.

Chadwick, Owen. The Reformation. Penguin History of the Church, vol. 3. London: Penguin Books, 1990.

Chaitin, Gregory J. “Number and Randomness: Algorithmic Information Theory.” In Mathematical Undecidability, Quantum Nonlocality and the Question of the Existence of God, ed. Alfred Driessen and Antoine Suarez, 15–25. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997.

Chalmers, A. F. What Is This Thing Called Science? An Assessment of the Nature and Status of Science and Its Methods. 1982. Reprint of 2d ed. Milton Keynes: Open University Press, 1988.

Chapman, Mark E. “Book Review: The Trinitarian Faith.” Pro Ecclesia: A Journal of Catholic and Evangelical Theology 2, no. 4 (Fall 1993): 499–502.

Christie‐Murray, David. A History of Heresy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Christianson, Gale E. In the Presence of the Creator: Isaac Newton and His Times. New York: Free Press, 1984.

Clarke, W. Norris, S.J. “Is a Natural Theology Still Possible Today?” In Physics, Philosophy, and Theology: A Common Quest for Understanding, ed. Robert J. Russell, William R. Stoeger, S.J., and George V. Coyne, S.J., 103–23. Vatican: Vatican Observatory, 1988.

Clayton, Philip. Explanation from Physics to Theology: An Essay in Rationality and Religion. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1989.

Clifford, Anne M. “Darwin's Revolution in The Origin of Species: A Hermeneutical Study of the Movement from Natural Theology to Natural Selection.” In Evolutionary and Molecular Biology: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action, ed. Robert John Russell, William R. Stoeger, S.J., and Francisco J. Ayala, 281–302. Vatican: Vatican Observatory Publications, 1998.

Cohen, H. Floris. The Scientific Revolution: A Historiographical Inquiry. Chicago: University Press of Chicago, 1994.

Colyer, Elmer Monroe. “The Nature of Doctrine in the Theology of T. F. Torrance.” Ph.D. diss., Boston College, 1992.

Confession . Confession of Faith, the Subordinate Standards and Other Authoritative Documents of the Free Church of Scotland. Edinburgh: Free Church of Scotland, 1973.

Copleston, Frederick. A History of Philosophy. 9 vols. Garden City, N.Y.: Image Books, 1962–77.

Craig, Edward. The Mind of God and the Works of Man. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987.

Craig, William Lane, and Quentin Smith. Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995.

Dahlfert, Ingolf. Theology and Philosophy. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1988.

Dancy, Jonathan. An Introduction to Contemporary Epistemology. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1985.

Darwin, Charles. The Origins of Species. Ware, Hertfordshire: Wordsworth Editions Limited, 1998.

Davies, Paul. About Time: Einstein's Unfinished Revolution. London: Penguin Books, 1995.

——. God and the New Physics. 1983. Reprint. London: Penguin Books, 1990. (p.214)

——. The Mind of God: Science and the Search for Ultimate Meaning. London: Penguin Books, 1993.

Dawkins, Richard. The Blind Watchmaker. Harlow: Longman, 1986.

Dawson, Gerrit, and Jock Stein, eds. A Passion for Christ: The Vision That Ignites Ministry. Edinburgh: Handsel Press, 1999.

D'Costa, Gavin. The Meeting of Religions and the Trinity. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 2000.

Deason, G. B. “The Protestant Reformation and the Rise of Modern Science.” Scottish Journal of Theology 38 (1985): 221–40.

——. “Reformation Theology and the Mechanistic Conception of Nature.” In God and Nature: Historical Essays on the Encounter between Christianity and Science, ed. David C. Lindberg and Ronald L. Numbers, 167–91. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Descartes, René. Essential Descartes, ed. Margaret D. Wilson. New York: New American Library, 1983.

Dobbs, Betty Jo Teeter, and Margaret C. Jacob. Newton and the Culture of Newtonianism. The Control of Nature Series. New Jersey: Humanities Press, 1995.

Drees, Willem B. Beyond the Big Bang: Quantum Cosmologies and God. La Salle, Ill.: Open Court, 1990.

Driessen, Alfred. “The Question of the Existence of God in the Book of Stephen Hawking: A Brief History of Time.” In Mathematical Undecidability, Quantum Nonlocality and the Question of the Existence of God, ed. Alfred Driessen and Antoine Suarez, 203–13. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997.

Duhem, Pierre. Medieval Cosmology: Theories of Infinity, Place, Time, Void, and the Plurality of Worlds, ed. Roger Ariew. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.

Dupree, A. Hunter. “Christianity and the Scientific Community in the Age of Darwin.” In God and Nature: Historical Essays on the Encounter between Christianity and Science, ed. David C. Lindberg and Ronald L. Numbers, 351–68. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Earman, John. World Enough and Space‐Time: Absolute versus Relational Theories of Space and Time. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1989.

Einstein, Albert. Ideas and Opinions. 1954. Reprint. New York: Three Rivers Press, 1982.

——. Mein Weltbild. Zürich: Europa Verlag, 1953.

Emerton, Norma. “Arguments for the Existence of God from Nature and Science.” In Science and Theology: Questions at the Interface, ed. Murray Rae, Hilary Regan, and John Stenhouse, 72–86. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1994.

Fergusson, David A. S. “Predestination: A Scottish Perspective.” Scottish Journal of Theology 46 (1993): 457–78.

Feuerbach, Ludwig. The Essence of Christianity. With Introductory Essay by Karl Barth and Foreword by H. Richard Niebuhr. New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1957.

Fine, Arthur. The Shaky Game: Einstein, Realism and the Quantum Theory. Science and Its Conceptual Foundations Series. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986.

Fleming, Richard. “Einstein and the Limits of Reason.” In Einstein and the Humanities, ed. Dennis P. Ryan. Contributions in Philosophy no. 32, 81–86. New York: Greenwood Press, 1987.

Fontaine, P. F. M. The Light and the Dark: A Cultural History of Dualism. 14 vols. Amsterdam: J. C. Gieben, 1986–99.

Force, James E. Essays on the Context, Nature, and Influence of Isaac Newton's Theology (& Richard H. Popkin). International Archives of the History of Ideas 129. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990.

Gigerenzer, Gerd, Zeno Swijtink, Theodore Porter, Lorraine Daston, John Beatty, and Lorenz Krüger. The Empire of Chance: How Probability Changed Science and Everyday Life. Ideas in Context Series. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. (p.215)

Gingerich, Owen. “Is There a Role for Natural Theology Today?” In Science and Theology: Questions at the Interface, ed. Murray Rae, Hilary Regan, and John Stenhouse, 29–48. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1994.

Gjertsen, Derek. The Newton Handbook. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1986.

Gloege, G. “Dualismus—Theologisch.” In Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart: Handwörterbuch für Theologie und Religionswissenschaft, vol. 2, cols. 274–76. 3d ed. Tübingen: Mohr, 1958.

Grant, Edward. “The Effect of the Condemnation of 1277.” In The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy: From the Rediscovery of Aristotle to the Disintegration of Scholasticism 1100–1600, ed. Norman Kretzmann, Anthony Kenny, and Jan Pinborg, 537–39. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

——. The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages: Their Religious, Institutional, and Intellectual Contexts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

——. “Science and Theology in the Middle Ages.” In God and Nature: Historical Essays on the Encounter between Christianity and Science, ed. David C. Lindberg and Ronald L. Numbers, 49–75. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Gray, Bryan J. A. “Theology as Science: An Examination of the Theological Methodology of Thomas F. Torrance.” Sacred theology doctorate diss. Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven, 1975.

Gregersen, Nils Henrik, Willem B. Drees, and Ulf Görman, eds. The Human Person in Science and Theology. Issues in Science and Theology Series. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 2000.

Gregory, Frederick. “The Impact of Darwinian Evolution on the Protestant Theology in the Nineteenth Century.” In God and Nature: Historical Essays on the Encounter between Christianity and Science, ed. David C. Lindberg and Ronald L. Numbers, 369–90. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

——. Nature Lost? Natural Science and the German Theological Traditions of the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1992.

Gunton, Colin E. The Promise of Trinitarian Theology. 2d ed. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1997.

——. “Relation and Relativity: The Trinity and the Created World.” In Trinitarian Theology Theology Today: Essays on Divine Being and Act, ed. Christoph Schwöbel, 92–112. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1995.

Gustafsson, Bengt. “The Current Scientific World View.” In The New Science‐Faith Debate: Probing Cosmology, Technology, and Theology, ed. John M. Mangum, 1–9. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1989.

Guthridge, Joannes, S.J. The Christology of T. F. Torrance: Revelation and Reconciliation in Christ. Excerpta ex diss. ad Lauream. Melbourne: Pontificia Universitas Gregoriana, 1967.

Hahn, Roger. “Laplace and the Mechanistic Universe.” In God and Nature: Historical Essays on the Encounter between Christianity and Science, eds. David C. Lindberg and Ronald L. Numbers, 256–76. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Hall, Roland. “Monism and Pluralism.” In Encyclopedia of Philosophy, vol. 5, 363–65. New York: Macmillan, 1967.

Hallamaa, Jaana. “The Concept of Person and God as Trinity of Persons.” In Philosophical Studies in Religion, Metaphysics, and Ethics: Essays in Honour of Heikki Kirjavainen, ed. Timo Koistinen and Tommi Lehtonen, 140–59. Schriften der Luther‐Agricola‐Gesellschaft 38. Helsinki: Luther‐Agricola‐Society, 1997.

Hardy, Daniel W. “Theology through Philosophy.” In The Modern Theologians: An Introduction to Christian Theology in the Twentieth Century, ed. David F. Ford, 252–85. 2d ed. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1997.

Hartwell, Herbert. The Theology of Karl Barth: An Introduction. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1964. (p.216)

Hawking, Stephen W. A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes. London: Bantam Press, 1988.

Heick, Otto W. A History of Christian Thought. 2 vols. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1965–66.

Heisenberg, Werner. Physics and Philosophy: The Revolution in Modern Science. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1959.

Heller, Michael. “Scientific Rationality and Christian Logos.” In Physics, Philosophy, and Theology: A Common Quest for Understanding, ed. Robert J. Russell, William R. Stoeger, S.J., and George V. Coyne, S.J., 141–50. Vatican: Vatican Observatory, 1988.

Hempel, Carl G. Philosophy of Natural Science. Foundations of Philosophy Series. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice‐Hall, 1966.

Hendry, John. James Clerk Maxwell and the Theory of the Electromagnetic Field. Bristol: Hilger, 1986.

Heppe, Heinrich. Reformed Dogmatics: Set Out and Illustrated from the Sources. 1950. Reprint. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Book House, 1984.

Herrman, Eberhard. “Realism, Semantics and Religion.” In Philosophical Studies in Religion, Metaphysics, and Ethics: Essays in Honour of Heikki Kirjavainen, ed. Timo Koistinen and Tommi Lehtonen, 77–94. Schriften der Luther‐Agricola‐Gesellschaft 38. Helsinki: Luther‐Agricola‐Society, 1997.

Hesse, Mary B. “Physics, Philosophy, and Myth.” In Physics, Philosophy, and Theology: A Common Quest for Understanding, ed. Robert J. Russell, William R. Stoeger, S.J., and George V. Coyne, S.J., 185–202. Vatican: Vatican Observatory, 1988.

Hick, John. Evil and the God of Love. 2d ed. London: Macmillan, 1977.

——. “Religious Realism and Non‐Realism: Defining the Issue.” In Is God Real?, ed. Joseph Runzo, 3–16. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993.

Hiebert, Erwin N. “Modern Physics and Christian Faith.” In God and Nature: Historical Essays on the Encounter between Christianity and Science, ed. David C. Lindberg and Ronald L. Numbers, 424–47. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Hilgenfeld, Hartmut. Mittelalterlich‐traditionelle Elemente in Luthers Abendmahlsschriften. Studien zur Dogmengeschichte und systematischen Theologie, no. 29. Zürich: Theologischer Verlag, 1971.

Hooker, C. A. A Realistic Theory of Science. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1987.

Hooykaas, R. Religion and the Rise of Modern Science. 1973. Reprint. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1984.

Howard, Don, and John Stachel, eds. Einstein and the History of General Relativity. Einstein Studies, vol. 1. Boston: Birkhäuser, 1989.

Howe, Günter. “Parallelen zwischen der theologie Karl Barths und der heutigen Physik.” In Antwort: Karl Barth zum siebzigsten Geburtstag am 10. Mai 1956, ed. Rudolf Frey, 409–22. Zollikon‐Zürich: Evangelischer Verlag, 1956.

Hume, David. Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion and the Natural History of Religion, ed. J. C. A. Gaskin. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Hunsinger, George. How to Read Karl Barth: The Shape of His Theology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Hunter, Michael. Science and the Shape of Orthodoxy: Intellectual Change in Late Seventeenth‐Century Britain. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 1995.

Isham, C. J. “Creation of the Universe as a Quantum Process.” In Physics, Philosophy, and Theology: A Common Quest for Understanding, ed. Robert J. Russell, William R. Stoeger, S.J., and George V. Coyne, S.J., 375–408. Vatican: Vatican Observatory, 1988.

Jacob, Margaret C. “Christianity and the Newtonian Worldview.” In God and Nature: Historical Essays on the Encounter between Christianity and Science, ed. David C. Lindberg and Ronald L. Numbers, 238–55. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986. (p.217)

Jaki, Stanley L. “The Absolute Beneath the Relative: Reflections on Einstein's Theories.” In Einstein and the Humanities, ed. Dennis P. Ryan. Contributions in Philosophy no. 32, 5–18. New York: Greenwood Press, 1987.

——. “Theological Aspects of Creative Science.” In Creation, Christ and Culture: Studies in Honour of T. F. Torrance, ed. Richard W. A McKinney, 149–66. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1976.

——. The Relevance of Physics. 2d ed. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1992.

——. Science and Creation: From Eternal Cycles to an Oscillating Universe. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1986.

Jammer, Max. “The Concept of Space in Antiquity.” In Problems of Space and Time, ed. J. J. C. Smart, 27–42. 1964. Reprint. New York: Macmillan, 1979.

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