Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Nature, Justice, and Rights in Aristotle's Politics$

Fred D. Miller

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198237266

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019823726X.001.0001

Show Summary Details

(p.379) Bibliography

(p.379) Bibliography

Nature, Justice, and Rights in Aristotle's Politics
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

Ackrill, J. L. (1980), ‘Aristotle on Eudaimonia’, in Rorty (1980), 15–33.

Adams, J. (1787), A Defence of the Constitutions of Government of the United States of America, 3 vols. (London).

Adkins, A. W. H. (1991), ‘The Connection Between Aristotle's Ethics and Politics’, in Keyt and Miller (1991), 75–93.

Allan, D. J. (1952), The Philosophy of Aristotle (London).

—— (1953), ‘Aristotle's Account of the Origin of Moral Principles’, Actes du XIe Congrès International de Philosophie, 12. 120–7; repr. Barnes et al. (1977), ii. 72–8.

—— (1964), ‘Individual and State in the Ethics and Politics’, Entretiens sur l'Antiquité Classique IX, La ‘Politique’ d'Aristote, Fondation Hardt (Geneva), 53–95.

Ambler, W. (1985), ‘Aristotle's Understanding of the Naturalness of the City’, Review of Politics, 47. 163–85.

Annas, J. (1988–9), ‘Aristotle on Virtue and Happiness’, University of Dayton Review, 19: 3. 7–22.

—— (1990), ‘Comments on J. Cooper’, in Patzig (1990), 242–8.

—— (1993), The Morality of Happiness (New York).

Aquinas, T. (1949), On Kingship, to the King of Cyprus, trans. G. B. Phelan, introd. and notes I. T. Eschmann (Toronto).

—— (1966), In octo libris Politicorum Aristotelis expositio, ed. R. M. Spiazzi (Turin).

—— (1993), Commentary on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, trans. C. I. Litzinger (Notre Dame, Ind.).

Arendt, H. (1958), The Human Condition (Chicago).

Arnhart, L. (1984), ‘Darwin, Aristotle, and the Biology of Human Rights’, Social Science Information, 23. 493–521.

—— (1988), ‘Aristotle's Biopolitics: A Defense of Biological Teleology against Biological Nihilism’, Politics and the Life Sciences, 6. 173–229.

—— (1993), Political Questions: Political Philosophy from Plato to Rawls, 2nd edn. (Prospect Heights, Ill.).

—— (1994), ‘The Darwinian Biology of Aristotle's Political Animals’, American Journal of Political Science, 38. 464–85.

Aubonnet, J. (1968), Aristote, Politique, 3 vols., text, trans., and notes (Paris).

Badhwar, N. K. (1985), ‘Friendship, Justice, and Supererogation’, American Philosophical Quarterly, 22. 123–31.

Balme, D. (1972), Aristotle's De partibus animalium I and De generatione animalium I, trans. and notes (Oxford).

—— (1987), ‘Teleology and Necessity’, in A. Gotthelf and J. Lennox (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Aristotle's Biology (Cambridge).

(p.380) Barker, E. (1906, repr. 1959), The Political Thought of Plato and Aristotle (London).

—— (1931), ‘The Life of Aristotle and the Composition and Structure of the Politics’, Classical Review, 45. 162–72.

—— (1946), The Politics of Aristotle, trans. with introd., notes, and appendices (Oxford).

Barnes, J. (1982), Aristotle (Oxford).

—— (1984), The Complete Works of Aristotle, the rev. Oxford trans., 2 vols. (Princeton, NJ).

—— (1990a), ‘Aristotle and Political Liberty’, in Patzig (1990), 249–63.

—— (1990b), ‘Partial Wholes’, Social Philosophy & Policy, 8: 1. 1–23.

—— Schoeld, M., and Sorabji, R. (1977), Articles on Aristotle, 4 vols. (London).

Barnett, R. E. (1977), ‘Restitution: A New Paradigm of Criminal Justice’, Ethics, 87. 279–301.

—— (1980), ‘The Justice of Restitution’, American Journal of Jurisprudence, 25. 117–32.

Barry, N. (1982), ‘The Tradition of Spontaneous Order’, Literature of Liberty, 5: 2. 7–58.

Becker, L. (1977), Property Rights: Philosophical Foundations (London).

Bekker, I. (1960), Aristotelis Opera, 2nd edn., rev. O. Gignon, 2 vols. (Berlin).

Berlin, I. (1969), Four Essays on Liberty (London).

—— (1990), The Crooked Timber of Humanity: Chapters in the History of Ideas (London).

Berns, L. (1984), ‘Spiritedness in Ethics and Politics: A Study in Aristotelian Psychology’, Interpretation, 12. 335–48.

Block, N. (1971), ‘Are Mechanistic and Teleological Explanations of Behaviour Incompatible?’, The Philosophical Quarterly, 21. 109–17.

Bluhm, W. T. (1962), ‘The Place of the ”Polity” in Aristotle's Theory of the Ideal State’, Journal of Politics, 24. 743–53.

Bodéüs, R. (1993), The Political Dimensions of Aristotle's Ethics, trans. J. E. Garrett (Albany, NY).

Bornemann, E. (1923), ‘Aristoteles' Urteil über Platons politische Theorie’, Philologus, 79. 70–111, 113–58, 234–57.

Bradie, M., and Miller, F. D. (1984), ‘Teleology and Natural Necessity in Aristotle’, History of Philosophy Quarterly, 1. 133–46.

Bradley, A. C. (1991), ‘Aristotle's Conception of the State’, in Keyt and Miller (1991), 13–56;

orig. (1880) in E. Abbott (ed.), Hellenica (London), 181–243.

Bradley, F. H. (1927), ‘My Station and Its Duties’, in Ethical Studies, 2nd edn. (Oxford), 160–213.

Braun, E. (1965), Das dritte Buch der aristotlelischen ‘Politik’: Interpretation (Vienna).

—— (1973) ‘Eine Maxime der Staatskunst in der Politik des Aristoteles’, in P. Steinmetz, Schriften zu den Politika des Aristoteles (Hildesheim), 424–30.

Broadie, S. W. (1991), Ethics with Aristotle (New York).

Buchanan, J. M., and Tullock, G. (1962), The Calculus of Consent: Logical Foundations of Constitutional Democracy (Ann Arbor, Mich.).

(p.381) Buckle, S. (1991), Natural Law and the Theory of Property: Grotius to Hume (Oxford).

Burckhardt, J. (1960), The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy, 6th edn., ed. I. Gordon, trans. S. G. C. Middlemore (New York).

Burnet, J. (1900), The Ethics of Aristotle, text with introd. and notes (London).

Busolt, G., and Swoboda, H. (1920–6), Griechische Staatskunde, 2 vols. (Munich).

Bywater, I. (1984), Aristotelis Ethica Nicomachea, text with introd. (Oxford).

Chambers, M. (1990), Aristoteles Staat der Athener, trans. with notes (Berlin).

—— (1986), Aristoteles Athēnaiōn Politeia, text with introd. (Teubner, Leipzig).

Charles, D. (1984), Aristotle's Philosophy of Action (Ithaca, NY).

—— (1988), ‘Perfectionism in Aristotle's Moral Theory: Reply to Martha Nussbaum’, Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, suppl. vol., 185–206; repr. in Patzig (1990), 187–201.

—— (1991), ‘Teleological Causation in the Physics’, in Lindsay Judson (ed.), Aristotle's Physics: A Collection of Essays (Oxford), 101–28.

Coase, R. (1988), ‘The Nature of the Firm’, in The Firm, the Market, and the Law (Chicago), 33–55.

Code, A. (1987), ‘Soul as Efficient Cause in Aristotle's Embryology’, Philosophical Topics, 15. 51–9.

Cole, E. B. (1988–9), ‘Autarkeia in Aristotle’, University of Dayton Review, 19. 7–22.

Cooke, J. E. (1961) (ed.), The Federalist (Middletown, Conn.).

Cooper, J. M. (1975), Reason and Human Good in Aristotle (Cambridge, Mass.).

—— (1977), ‘Aristotle on the Forms of Friendship’, Review of Metaphysics, 30: 4. 619–48.

—— (1982), ‘Aristotle on Natural Teleology’, in M. Schoeld and M. Nussbaum (eds.), Language and Logos (Cambridge), 197–222.

—— (1985), ‘Aristotle on the Goods of Fortune’, Philosophical Review, 94. 173–96.

—— (1987), ‘Contemplation and Happiness: A Reconsideration’, Synthese, 72. 187–216.

—— (1990), ‘Political Animals and Civic Friendship’, in Patzig (1990), 221–48.

Curren, R. (forthcoming), Aristotle on the Necessity of Public Education (Totowa, NJ).

Darwin, C. (1859), On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life (London).

—— (1871), The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex (London).

Delbrück, M. (1971), ‘Aristotle‐totle‐totle’, in Jacques Monod and Ernest Borek (eds.), Of Microbes and Life (New York), 50–5.

—— (1976), ‘How Aristotle Discovered DNA’, in K. Huang (ed.), Physics and Our World: A Symposium in Honor of Victor F. Weisskopf, AIP Conference Proceedings No. 28 (New York), 123–30.

Den Uyl, D. J. (1991), The Virtue of Prudence (New York).

(p.382) Depew, D. J. (1991), ‘Politics, Music, and Contemplation in Aristotle's Ideal State’, in Keyt and Miller (1991), 346–80.

—— (forthcoming a) ‘Does Aristotle's Political Philosophy Rest on a Contradiction?’.

—— (forthcoming b), ‘Political Animals’.

Descartes, R. (1984), Discourse on Method, in The Philosophical Writings of Descartes, trans. J. Cottingham, R. Stoothoff, and D. Murdoch (Cambridge, Mass.).

Dirlmeier, F. (1963), Aristoteles, Eudemische Ethik, trans. and comm. (Berlin).

—— (1964), Aristoteles, Magna Moralia, trans. and comm. (Berlin).

—— (1983), Aristoteles, Nikomachische Ethik, trans. and comm. (Berlin).

Dobbs, D. (1985), ‘Aristotle's Anti‐Communism’, American Journal of Political Science, 29. 29–46.

Dover, K. J. (1974), Greek Popular Morality in the Time of Plato and Aristotle (Berkeley, Calif.).

Dreizehnter, A. (1970), Aristoteles' Politik, text and introd. (Munich).

Düring, I. (1966), Aristoteles, Darstellung und Interpretation seines Denkens (Heidelberg).

Ehrenberg, V. (1964), The Greek State (New York).

Elster, J. (1985), Making Sense of Marx (Cambridge).

—— (1986), ‘Self‐Realization in Work and Politics: The Marxist Conception of the Good Life’, Social Philosophy & Policy, 3: 2. 97–126.

Engberg‐Pedersen, T. (1983), Aristotle's Theory of Moral Insight (Oxford).

England, E. B. (1921) The Laws of Plato, text with introd. and notes, 2 vols. (London).

Everson, S. (1988), ‘Aristotle on the Foundations of the State’, Political Studies, 36. 89–101.

Farrar, C. (1988), The Origins of Democratic Thinking: The Invention of Politics in Classical Athens (Cambridge, Mass.).

Ferguson, A. (1966), An Essay on the History of Civil Society (1767), ed. D. Forbes (Edinburgh).

Fink, Z. S. (1945), The Classical Republicans: An Essay in the Recovery of a Pattern of Thought in Seventeenth Century England (Evanston, Ill.).

Finley, M. I. (1977), ‘Aristotle and Economic Analysis’, in Barnes et al., ii. 140–58.

—— (1985), Studies in Land and Credit in Ancient Athens, 500–200 B.C. , repr. (New Brunswick).

Finnis, J. (1980), Natural Law and Natural Rights (Oxford).

Flew, A. G. N. (1981), The Politics of Procrustes (Buffalo).

Forrest, W. G. (1968), A History of Sparta, 950–192 B.C. (London).

Fortenbaugh, W. (1977), ‘Aristotle on Slaves and Women’, in Barnes et al., ii. 135–9.

——(1991), ‘Aristotle on Prior and Posterior, Correct and Mistaken Constitutions’, in Keyt and Miller (1991), 226–37.

(p.383) Fritz, K. V. (1954), The Theory of the Mixed Constitution in Antiquity (New York).

Fustel de Coulanges, N. D. (1864), La Cité antique (Paris).

Galston, W. A. (1980), Justice and the Human Good (Chicago).

Gauthier, D. (1986), Morals by Agreement (Oxford).

—— (1990), ‘David Hume, Contractarian’, in Moral Dealing: Contract, Ethics, and Reason (Ithaca, NY), 45–76.

Gauthier, R. A., and Jolif, J. Y. (1958), Aristotle: L'Éthique à Nicomaque, introd., trans., and comm. (Louvain).

George, R. P. (1993), Making Men Moral: Civil Liberties and Public Morality (Oxford).

Gewirth, A. (1978), Reason and Morality (Chicago).

Golding, M. (1978), ‘The Concept of Rights: A Historical Sketch’, in E. L. Bandman and B. Bandman (eds.), Bioethics and Human Rights (Boston), 44–61.

—— (1981), ‘Justice and Rights: A Study in Relationship’, in E. Shelp (ed.), Justice and Health Care (Dordrecht), 23–36.

—— (1982), review of R. Tuck (1979), Natural Rights (Cambridge), in Political Theory, 10. 152–7.

—— (1984), ‘The Primacy of Welfare Rights’, Social Philosophy & Policy, 1: 2. 119–36.

Gomme, A. W. (1933), The Population of Athens in the Fifth and Fourth Centuries, B.C. (Oxford).

Gotthelf, A. (1987), ‘Aristotle's Conception of Final Causality’, in id. and J. Lennox (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Aristotle's Biology (Cambridge), 204–42.

—— (1988), ‘The Place of the Good in Aristotle's Natural Teleology’, in J. J. Cleary (ed.), Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy (Lanham, Md.), 4. 113–35.

Grant, A. (1885), The Ethics of Aristotle: Illustrated with Essays and Notes, 4th edn. (London).

Gray, J. (1986), Liberalism (Minneapolis).

—— (1989), Liberalisms (London).

—— (1993), Post‐Liberalism (London).

Green, T. H. (1937), Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation (London).

Grimaldi, W. M. A. (1980), Aristotle, Rhetoric I, A Commentary (New York).

Grunebaum, J. (1987), Private Ownership (London).

Grote, G. (1883), Aristotle, 3rd edn. (London).

Gummere, R. M. (1963), The American Colonial Mind and the Classical Tradition (Cambridge, Mass.).

Guthrie, W. K. L. (1962–81), A History of Greek Philosophy, 6 vols. (Cambridge).

Gutmann, A. (1985), ‘Communitarian Critics of Liberalism’, Philosophy & Public Affairs, 14. 308–22.

(p.384) Gwartney, J. D., and Stroup, R. L. (1990), Economics: Private and Public Choice, 5th edn. (San Diego).

Hamowy, R. (1987), The Scottish Enlightenment and the Theory of Spontaneous Order (Carbondale, Ill.).

Hampshire, S. (1971), Freedom of Mind (Princeton, NJ).

—— (1983), Morality and Conflict (Cambridge, Mass.).

Hampton, J. (1986), Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition (Cambridge, Mass.).

Hansen, M. H. (1989), Was Athens a Democracy: Popular Rule, Liberty, and Equality in Ancient and Modern Political Thought (Copenhagen).

—— (1991), The Athenian Democracy in the Age of Demosthenes: Structure, Principles and Ideology, trans. J. A. Crook (Oxford).

Hardie, W. F. R. (1980), Aristotle's Ethical Theory, 2nd edn. (Oxford).

Hardin, G. (1973), ‘The Tragedy of the Commons’, in id. (ed.), Exploring New Ethics of Survival (Baltimore), 250–64.

Harman, G. (1983), ‘Human Flourishing, Ethics, and Liberty’, Philosophy and Public Affairs, 12. 307–22.

—— (1986), ‘Troubles with Flourishing: Comments on David Norton’, Reason Papers, 11. 69–71.

Harrison, A. R. W. (1957), ‘Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, Book V, and the Law of Athens’, Journal of Hellenic Studies, 77. 42–7.

—— (1968, 1971), The Law of Athens, 2 vols. (Oxford).

Hart, H. L. A. (1984), ‘Are There Any Natural Rights?’, in J. Waldron (ed.), Theories of Rights (Oxford), 71–90.

Havelock, E. A. (1957), The Liberal Temper in Greek Politics (New Haven, Conn).

Hayek, F. A. (1948), Individualism and Economic Order (Chicago).

—— (1960), The Constitution of Liberty (Chicago).

—— (1967), ‘The Principles of a Liberal Social Order’, Studies in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics (Chicago), 160–77.

—— (1973–9), Law, Legislation, and Liberty, 3 vols. (Chicago).

Headlam, J. W. (1933), Election by Lot at Athens, 2nd edn. rev. D. C. MacGregor (Cambridge).

Hegel, G. W. F. (1955), Lectures in the History of Philosophy, trans. E. S. Haldane and Frances H. Simson (London).

—— (1991), Elements of the Philosophy of Right, ed. A. W. Wood, trans. H. B. Nisbet (Cambridge).

Heinaman, R. (1988), ‘Eudaimonia and Self‐Sufficiency in the Nicomachean Ethics’, Phronesis, 33. 31–53.

Hobbes, T. (1949), De Cive or the Citizen, ed. S. P. Lamprecht (New York).

—— (1986), Leviathan, ed. C. B. Macpherson (Harmondsworth) (with pagination of 1651 edn.).

Hohfeld, W. N. (1923), Fundamental Legal Conceptions as Applied in Judicial Reasoning (New Haven, Conn.).

(p.385) Holmes, S. T. (1979), ‘Aristippus in and out of Athens’, American Political Science Review, 73. 113–28.

Honoré, A. M. (1961), ‘Ownership’, in A. G. Guest (ed.), Oxford Essays in Jurisprudence (Oxford), 107–47.

Humboldt, W. v. (1993), Limits of State Action, ed. J. W. Burrow (Indianapolis).

Hume, D. (1978), A Treatise of Human Nature, ed. L. A. Selby‐Bigge (Oxford).

Humphreys, S. C. (1978), Anthropology and the Greeks (London).

Hurka, T. (1993), Perfectionism (New York).

Immisch, O. (1929), Aristotelis Politica, text with scholia and glosses (Leipzig).

Irwin, T. H. (1977), Plato's Moral Theory (Oxford).

—— (1985a), ‘Moral Science and Political Theory in Aristotle’, in P. A. Cartledge and F. D. Harvey (eds.), Crux (London), 150–68.

—— (1985b), ‘Permanent Happiness: Aristotle and Solon’, in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, 3, ed. J. Annas (Oxford), 89–124.

—— (1985c), Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, trans., introd., and notes (Indianapolis).

—— (1985d), ‘Aristotle's Conception of Morality’, in Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy, 1, ed. J. J. Cleary (Lanham, Md.), 115–43.

—— (1988), Aristotle's First Principles (Oxford).

—— (1990), ‘The Good of Political Activity’, with commentary by G. Striker, in Patzig (1990), 73–101.

—— (1991a), ‘Aristotle's Defense of Private Property’, in Keyt and Miller (1991), 200–25.

—— (1991b), ‘The Structure of Aristotelian Happiness’, Ethics, 101. 382–91.

Jackson, H. (1879), Peri Dikaiosynēs: The Fifth Book of the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle, text with notes (London).

Jaeger, W. (1948), Aristotle: Fundamentals of the History of His Development, trans. R. Robinson, 2nd edn. (Oxford).

Jaffa, H. (1968), s.v. ‘Natural Rights’, International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 11 (New York), 85–90.

—— (1972), ‘Aristotle’, in L. Strauss and J. Cropsey (eds.), History of Pólitical Philosophy, 2nd edn. (Chicago), 64–129.

Joachim, H. H. (1951), Aristotle, The Nicomachean Ethics: A Commentary (Oxford).

Johnson, C. N. (1990), Aristotle's Theory of the State (New York).

Jones, J. W. (1956), The Law and Legal Theory of the Greeks: An Introduction (Oxford).

Jost, L. (forthcoming), ‘Moral Luck and External Goods in the Eudemian Ethics’.

Kagan, D. (1987), The Fall of the Athenian Empire (Ithaca, NY).

Kahn, C. H. (1990), ‘The Normative Structure of Aristotle's Politics’, in Patzig (1990), 369–84.

Kanger, S., and Kanger, H. (1966), ‘Rights and Parliamentarianism’, Theoria, 32. 85–115.

Kassel, R. (1976), Aristotelis Ars Rhetorica (Berlin).

(p.386) Kavka, G. (1986), Hobbesian Moral and Political Theory (Princeton, NJ).

Kelley, M. (forthcoming), ‘Aristotle on Self‐Sufficiency’.

Kelsen, H. (1937), ‘The Philosophy of Aristotle and the Hellenic‐Macedonian Policy’, Ethics, 48. 1–64; partially repr. in Barnes et al. (1977), ii. 170–94.

Kenny, A. (1978), The Aristotelian Ethics (Oxford).

—— (1992), Aristotle on the Perfect Life (Oxford).

Kenyon, F. G. (1920), Aristotelis Atheniensium Respublica (Oxford).

Kerferd, G. B. (1981), The Sophistic Movement (Cambridge).

Keyt, D. (1983), ‘Intellectualism in Aristotle’, in J. P. Anton and A. Preus (eds.), Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy, (Albany), ii. 364–87.

—— (1987), ‘Three Fundamental Theorems in Aristotle's Politics’, Phronesis, 32. 54–79; rev. as (1991b).

—— (1989), ‘The Meaning of Bios in Aristotle's Ethics and Politics’, Ancient Philosophy, 9. 15–21.

—— (1991a), ‘Aristotle's Theory of Distributive Justice’, in Keyt and Miller (1991), 238–78.

—— (1991b), ‘Three Basic Theorems in Aristotle's Politics’, in Keyt and Miller (1991), 118–41; rev. of (1987).

—— (1993), ‘Aristotle and Anarchism’, Reason Papers, 18. 133–52.

—— and Miller, F. D. (1991), A Companion to Aristotle's Politics (Oxford).

Khawaja, I. (1991), ‘The Concept of the Individual in Aristotle's Ethics’, Princeton University BA thesis.

Kraut, R. (1989), Aristotle on the Human Good (Princeton, NJ).

Kullmann, W. (1991), ‘Man as a Political Animal in Aristotle’, in Keyt and Miller (1991), 94–117.

Larmore, C. (1993), ‘Pluralism and Reasonable Disagreement’, Social Philosophy & Policy, 11: 1. 61–79.

Lavoie, D. C. (1985), Rivalry and Central Planning: The Socialist Calculation Debate Reconsidered (Cambridge).

Lawrence, G. (1993), ‘Aristotle and the Ideal Life’, The Philosophical Review, 102. 1–34.

Lear, J. (1988), Aristotle: The Desire to Understand (Cambridge).

Lennox, J. G. (1982), ‘Teleology, Chance, and Aristotle's Theory of Spontaneous Generation’, Journal of the History of Philosophy, 20. 219–38.

—— (1992), ‘Teleology’, in E. F. Keller and E. A. Lloyd (eds.), Keywords in Evolutionary Biology (Cambridge, Mass.), 324–33.

Lerner, M. P. (1969), Recherches sur la notion de finalité chez Aristote (Paris).

Lewis, T. J. (1978) ‘Acquisition and Anxiety: Aristotle's Case Against the Market’, Canadian Journal of Economics, 11. 69–90.

Liddell, H. G., Scott, R., and Jones, H. S. (1976), A Greek–English Lexicon (Oxford).

Lieberman, M. (1993), Public Education: An Autopsy (Cambridge, Mass.).

Locke, J. (1954), Essays on the Law of Nature, ed. W. von Leyden (Oxford).

(p.387) —— (1960), Two Treatises of Government, ed. P. Laslett (New York).

—— (1990), Questions concerning the Law of Nature, ed. R. Horwitz, J. S. Clay, and D. Clay (Ithaca, NY).

Lord, C. (1982), Education and Culture in the Political Thought of Aristotle (Ithaca, NY).

—— (1984), Aristotle, The Politics, trans. with introd., notes, and glossary (Chicago).

McDonald, F. (1985), Novus Ordo Seclorum: The Intellectual Origins of the Constitution (Lawrence, Kan.).

MacDowell, D. M. (1978), The Law in Classical Athens (Ithaca, NY).

McGrade, A. S. (1980), ‘Ockham and the Birth of Individual Rights’, in B. Tierney and P. Linehan (eds.), Authority and Power: Studies on Medieval Law and Government (Cambridge), 149–65.

—— (1982), ‘Rights, Natural Rights, and the Philosophy of Law’, in N. Kretzmann, A. Kenny, and J. Pinborg (eds.), The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy (Cambridge), 738–56.

MacIntyre, A. (1981), After Virtue (Notre Dame).

—— (1988) Whose Justice? Which Rationality? (Notre Dame).

McNeill, D. (1990), ‘Alternative Interpretations of Aristotle on Exchange and Reciprocity’, Public Affairs Quarterly, 4. 55–68.

McShea, R. J. (1990), Morality and Human Nature: A New Route to Ethical Theory (Philadelphia).

Machan, T. R. (1975), Human Rights and Human Liberties (Chicago).

—— (1989), Individuals and Their Rights (LaSalle, Ill.).

Mack, E. (1989), ‘Moral Individualism: Agent‐Relativity and Deontic Restraints’, Social Philosophy & Policy, 7: 1. 81–111.

Mackie, J. L. (1984), ‘Can There be a Right Based Moral Theory?’, in J. Waldron (ed.), Theories of Rights (Oxford), 168–81.

Madigan, A. (1991), ‘Eth. Nic. 9.8: Beyond Egoism and Altruism?’, in J. P. Anton and A. Preus (eds.), Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy, iv. Aristotle's Ethics (Albany, NY).

Madison, J. (1984), Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 (Athens, Ohio).

Martin, R., and Nickel, J. W. (1978), ‘A Bibliography on the Nature and Foundation of Rights 1947–1977’, Political Theory, 6. 395–413.

—— (1980), ‘Recent Work on the Concept of Rights’, American Philosophical Quarterly, 17. 165–80.

Maslow, A. (1987), Motivation and Personality, 3rd edn. (New York).

Masters, R. D. (1975), ‘Politics as a Biological Phenomenon’, Social Science Information, 14. 7–63.

—— (1987), ‘Evolutionary Biology and Natural Rights’, in W. Soffer and K. Deutsch (eds.), The Crisis of Liberal Democracy (Albany, NY), 48–66.

—— (1989a), ‘Classical Political Philosophy and Contemporary Biology’, in K. Moors (ed.), Politikos, 1 (Pittsburgh), 1–44.

(p.388) Masters, R. D. (1989b), The Nature of Politics (New Haven, Conn.).

—— (1990), ‘Evolutionary Biology and Political Theory’, American Political Science Review, 84. 195–210.

Mathie, W. (1979), ‘Property in the Political Science of Aristotle’, in A. Parcel and T. Flanagan (eds.), Theories of Property: Aristotle to the Present (Waterloo, Ont.), 13–32.

Matthen, M. (1989), ‘The Four Causes in Aristotle's Embryology’, in T. Penner and R. Kraut (eds.), Nature, Knowledge, and Virtue: Essays in Memory of Joan Kung, Apeiron, 22. 159–79.

Mayhew, R. A. (1993a), ‘Aristotle on Property’, Review of Metaphysics, 46. 803–31.

—— (1993b), ‘Aristotle on the Extent of the Communism in Plato's Republic’, Ancient Philosophy, 13. 323–40.

—— (forthcoming), ‘Part and Whole in Aristotle's Political Philosophy’.

—— and Smith, N. D. (1994), ‘Aristotle on What the Political Scientist Needs to Know’, in K. Boudouris (ed.), Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Greek Philosophy, ‘Aristotelian Political Philosophy’ (Athens).

Mayr, E. (1982), The Growth of Biological Thought (Cambridge, Mass.).

—— (1988), ‘The Multiple Meanings of Teleological’, in Towards a New Philosophy of Biology (Cambridge, Mass.), 38–66.

Meier, C. (1990), The Greek Discovery of Politics, trans. D. McLintock (Cambridge, Mass.).

Meikle, S. (1991), ‘Aristotle and Exchange Value’, in Keyt and Miller (1991), 156–81.

Meritt, B. D. (1955), ‘Greek Inscriptions’, Hesperia, 21. 340–59.

Meyer, S. S. (1992), ‘Aristotle, Teleology, and Reduction’, Philosophical Review, 101. 791–825.

Mill, J. S. (1969), ‘Utilitarianism’, in Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, x, ed. J. M. Robson (Toronto and London), 203–59.

—— (1989), On Liberty with the Subjection of Women and Chapters on Socialism, ed. Stefan Collini (Cambridge).

Miller, E. F. (1979), ‘Prudence and the Rule of Law’, American Journal of Jurisprudence, 24. 181–206.

Miller, F. D. (1974), ‘The State and the Community in Aristotle's Politics’, Reason Papers, 1. 61–9.

—— (1983), ‘Rationality and Freedom in Aristotle and Hayek’, Reason Papers, 9. 29–36.

—— (1984), ‘Aristotle on Rationality in Action’, The Review of Metaphysics, 38. 499–520.

—— (1988), ‘Aristotle and the Natural Rights Tradition’, Reason Papers, 13. 166–81.

—— (1991), ‘Aristotle on Natural Law and Justice’, in Keyt and Miller (1991), 279–306.

—— (forthcoming), ‘Aristotle and American Classical Republicanism’.

(p.389) Miller, R. W. (1981), ‘Marx and Aristotle: A Kind of Consequentialism’, in K. Nielson and S. C. Patten (eds.), Marx and Morality, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, supplementary vol. 7. 323–52.

Milne, A. J. M. (1986), Human Rights and Human Diversity (Albany, Ny).

Mises, L. v. (1920), ‘Die Wirtschaftsrechnung im sozialistischen Gemeinwesen’, Archiv für Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik, 47. 86–121.

—— (1937), Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis, trans. J. Kahane (London).

Moore, G. E. (1903), Principia Ethica (Cambridge).

Morris, C. W. (1988), ‘The Relation between Self‐Interest and Justice in Con‐tractarian Ethics’, Social Philosophy & Policy, 5: 2. 119–53.

Morrow, G. R. (1960), Plato's Cretan City: A Historical Interpretation of the Laws (Princeton, NJ).

Mulgan, R. G. (1977), Aristotle's Political Theory (Oxford).

—— (1990), ‘Aristotle and the Value of Political Participation’, Political Theory, 18. 195–215.

Murphy, J. B. (1993), The Moral Economy of Labor: Aristotelian Theories in Economic Theory (New Haven, Conn.).

Nagel, T. (1981), ‘Libertarianism without Foundations’, in J. Paul (ed.), Reading Nozick (Totowa, NJ), 191–205.

Narveson, J. (1988), The Libertarian Idea (Philadelphia).

—— (forthcoming), ‘Rights, Laws, and the Common Good’.

Newman, W. L. (1887–1902; repr. 1973), The Politics of Aristotle, text, introd., notes, critical and explanatory, 4 vols. (Oxford).

Nichols, M. P. (1992), Citizens and Statesmen: A Study of Aristotle's Politics (Lanham, Md.).

Norton, D. L. (1976), Personal Destinies (Princeton, NJ).

—— (1985), ‘Is ”Flourishing” a True Alternative Ethics?’, Reason Papers, 10. 101–5.

Novak, M. (1982), The Spirit of Democratic Capitalism (New York).

Nozick, R. (1974), Anarchy, State, and Utopia (New York).

—— (1981), ‘On the Randian Argument’, in J. Paul (ed.), Reading Nozick (Totowa, NJ), 206–31.

Nussbaum, M. C. (1978), Aristotle's De Motu Animalium, text, trans., commentary, and essay (Princeton, NJ).

—— (1980), ‘Shame, Separateness, and Political Unity: Aristotle's Criticism of Plato’, in Rorty (1980), 395–435.

—— (1986), The Fragility of Goodness (Cambridge).

—— (1988), ‘Nature, Function, and Capability: Aristotle on Political Distribution’, with commentary by D. Charles and reply by Nussbaum, Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, suppl. vol., 148–214; repr. in Patzig (1990), 152–201.

—— (1990), ‘Aristotelian Social Democracy’, in R. B. Douglass, G. M. Mara, and H. S. Richardson (eds.), Liberalism and the Good (London).

(p.390) Nussbaum, M. C. (1992), ‘Human Functioning and Social Justice: In Defense of Aristotelian Essentialism’, Political Theory, 20. 202–46.

Oakeshott, M. (1975), On Human Conduct (Oxford).

Oppermann, H. (1928), Aristotelis Athēnaion Politeia (Stuttgart).

Ostwald, M. (1986), From Popular Sovereignty to the Sovereignty of Law: Law, Society, and Politics in Fifth‐Century Athens (Berkeley, Calif.).

Pangle, T. L. (1980), The Laws of Plato, trans. with notes and an interpretative essay (New York).

—— (1988), The Spirit of Modern Republicanism: The Moral Vision of the American Founders and the Philosophy of Locke (Chicago).

Parfit, D. (1986), Reasons and Persons (Oxford).

Patzig, G. (1990), Aristoteles' ‘Politik’: Akten des XI. Symposium Aristotelicum 1987 (Göttingen).

Paul, J. (1993), ‘Natural Ends and Natural Rights’, Reason Papers, 18. 107–13.

—— and Miller, F. D. (1990), ‘Communitarian and Liberal Theories of the Good’, Review of Metaphysics, 43. 803–30.

Pellegrin, P. (1987), ‘La Politique d'Aristote: unité et fractures’, Revue philosophique, 177. 129–59.

Plamenatz, J. (1991–2), Man and Society, rev. M. E. Plamenatz and R. Wokler, 3 vols. (New York).

Pocock, J. G. A. (1975), The Machiavellian Moment: Florentine Political Thought and the Atlantic Republican Tradition (Princeton, NJ).

Polansky, R. (1991), ‘Aristotle on Political Change’, in Keyt and Miller (1991), 323–45.

——(unpublished), ‘What Aristotle Means by the Naturalness of the Polis’.

Popper, K. R. (1962), The Open Society and Its Enemies, 4th edn., 2 vols. (Princeton, NJ).

Pufendorf, S. von (1934), De jure naturae et gentium libri octo, trans. C. H. and W. A. Oldfather (Oxford).

—— (1991), On the Duty of Man and Citizen According to Natural Law, trans. M. Silverthorne, ed. J. Tully (Cambridge).

Rackham, H. (1932), Aristotle, Politics, text and trans. (Cambridge, Mass.).

—— (1934), Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, text and trans., rev. edn., Loeb (Cambridge, Mass.).

Rand, A. (1964), ‘Man's Rights’, in The Virtue of Selfishness (New York), 92–100.

Rasmussen, D. B. (1984), ‘Conceptions of the Common Good and the Natural Right to Liberty’, in R. Porreco (ed.), The Georgetown Symposium on Ethics: Essays in Honor of Henry Babcock Veatch (Lanham, Md.), 185–93.

—— and Den Uyl, D. J. (1991), Liberty and Nature: An Aristotelian Defense of Liberal Order (LaSalle, Ill.).

Raubitschek, A. E. (1991), ‘Ostracism: The Athenian Ostraca’, in id., The School of Hellas (Oxford).

Rawls, J. (1971), A Theory of Justice (Cambridge, Mass.).

Raz, J. (1986), The Morality of Freedom (Oxford).

(p.391) Rees, D. A. (1990), ‘Comments on C. Lord’, in Patzig (1990), 216–19.

Reeve, C. D. C. (1992), Practices of Reason: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics (Oxford).

Rhodes, P. J. (1981; 1993 edn. with addenda), A Commentary on the Aristotelian Athēnaiōn Politeia (Oxford).

—— (1984), The Athenian Constitution, trans. with introd. and notes (Harmondsworth).

—— (1986), The Greek City States: A Sourcebook (Norman, Okla.).

Richard, C. J. (1994), The Foundations and the Classics: Greece, Rome, and the American Enlightenment (Cambridge, Mass.).

Richardson, H. S. (1992), ‘Degrees of Finality and the Highest Good in Aristotle’, Journal of the History of Philosophy, 30. 327–52.

Robbins, C. (1959), The Eighteenth‐Century Commonwealth: Studies in the Transmission, Development, and Circumstance of English Liberal Thought from the Restoration of Charles II until the War with the Thirteen Colonies (Cambridge, Mass.).

Robinson, R. (1962), Aristotle's Politics Books III and IV, trans., introd., and notes (Oxford).

Rogers, K. (1993), ‘Aristotle's Conception of To Kalon’, Ancient Philosophy, 13. 355–71.

Rorty, A. O. (1980), Essays on Aristotle's Ethics (Berkeley, Calif.).

Rose, V. (1886), Aristotelis qui ferebantur Librorum Fragmenta (Leipzig).

Roshwald, M. (1959), ‘The Concept of Human Rights’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 19. 354–79.

Ross, W. D. (1948), Aristotle's Metaphysics, 2 vols., rev. text with introd. and comm. (Oxford).

—— (1949), Aristotle (5th edn., London).

—— (1957), Aristotelis Politica (Oxford).

—— (1966) Aristotle's Physics, rev. text with introd. and comm. (Oxford).

Rousseau, J. J. (1983), On the Social Contract, trans. D. A. Cress (Indianapolis).

Rowe, C. J. (1977), ‘Aims and Methods in Aristotle's Politics’, Classical Quarterly, 27. 159–72; rev. as Rowe (1991).

—— (1989), ‘Reality and Utopia’, Elenchos, fasc. 2. 317–36.

—— (1991), ‘Aims and Methods in Aristotle's Politics’, in Keyt and Miller (1991), 57–74; rev. of Rowe (1977).

Ruse, M. (1990), ‘Evolutionary Ethics and the Search for Predecessors: Kant, Hume, and All the Way Back to Aristotle?’, Social Philosophy & Policy, 8: 1. 59–85.

Sabine, G. H. (1973), A History of Political Theory (4th edn., Fort Worth, Texas).

Salkever, S. G. (1990), Finding the Mean: Theory and Practice in Aristotelian Political Philosophy (Princeton, NJ).

Sandel, M. (1982), Liberalism and the Limits of Justice (Cambridge, Mass.).

—— (1984a), ‘The Procedural Republic and the Unencumbered Self’, Political Theory, 12. 81–96.

—— (1984b), ‘Morality and the Liberal Ideal’, New Republic, 190. 15–17.

(p.392) Saunders, T. J. (1975), Plato, The Laws, trans., introd., corr. edn. (Harmondsworth).

Saxonhouse, A. W. (1982), ‘Family, Polity, and Unity: Aristotle on Socrates' Community of Wives’, Polity, 15. 202–19.

Scheffler, S. (1982), The Rejection of Consequentialism (Oxford).

Schlaifer, R. O. (1936), ‘Greek Theories of Slavery from Homer to Aristotle’, Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, 47. 165–204.

Schmidtz, D. (1991), The Limits of Government: An Essay on the Public Goods Argument (Boulder, Col.).

Schofield, M. (1990), ‘Ideology and Philosophy in Aristotle's Theory of Slavery’, with commentary by C. H. Kahn, in Patzig (1990), 1–31.

Schütrumpf, E. (1980), Die Analyse der Polis durch Aristoteles (Amsterdam).

—— (1991), Aristoteles Politik, i, general introd., trans. with notes of Book I; ii, trans. with notes of Books II–III (Berlin).

Sealey, R. (1976), A History of the Greek City States, 700–338 BC (Berkeley, Calif.).

Seel, G. (1990), ‘Die Rechtfertigung von Herrschaft in der Politik des Aristoteles’, with commentary by T. Ebert, in Patzig (1990), 32–72.

Seligman, A. B. (1992), The Idea of Civil Society (New York).

Shields, C. (1990), ‘The First Functionalist’, in J. C. Smith (ed.), Historical Foundations of Cognitive Science (Dordrecht), 19–33.

Simmons, A. J. (1992), The Lockean Theory of Rights (Princeton, NJ).

Simpson, P. (1990), ‘Making the Citizens Good: Aristotle's City and Its Contemporary Relevance’, Philosophical Forum, 22. 149–66.

Sinclair, R. K. (1988), Democracy and Participation in Athens (Cambridge).

Sinclair, T. A. (1983), Aristotle, The Politics, trans., rev. edn. by J. T. Saunders (Harmondsworth).

Smith, A. (1979), An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, ed. R. K. Campbell and A. S. Skinner, 2 vols. (Oxford).

—— (1982), The Theory of Moral Sentiments, ed. D. D. Raphael and A. L. Mace (Oxford).

Smith, N. D. (1991), ‘Aristotle's Theory of Natural Slavery’, in Keyt and Miller (1991), 142–55.

Solmsen, F. (1964), ‘Leisure and Play in Aristotle's Ideal State’, Rheinische Museum, 107. 193–220.

Sorabji, R. (1980), Necessity, Cause, and Blame (Ithaca, NY).

Sowell, T. (1980), Knowledge and Decisions (New York).

Spencer, H. (1981), ‘The Great Political Superstition’, in The Man versus the State (Indianapolis), 123–66.

Stalley, R. F. (1991), ‘Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Republic’, in Keyt and Miller (1991), 182–99.

Steele, D. R. (1992), From Marx to Mises: Post‐Capitalist Society and the Challenge of Economic Calculation (LaSalle, Ill.).

Steiner, H. (1977), ‘The Structure of Compossible Rights’, Journal of Philosophy, 74. 767–75.

(p.393) Stewart, J. A. (1892), Notes on the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle, 2 vols. (Oxford).

Stocker, M. (1990), Plural and Conflicting Values (Oxford).

Stockton, D. (1991), The Classical Athenian Democracy, corr. edn. (Oxford).

Strauss, L. (1953), Natural Right and History (Chicago).

Sugden, R. (1986), The Economics of Rights, Co‐operation, and Welfare (Oxford).

Susemihl, F. (1884), Aristotelis, Ethica Eudemia (Leipzig).

—— (1912), Aristotelis, Ethica Nicomachea (3rd edn., Leipzig).

—— and Hicks, R. D. (1894; repr. 1976), The Politics of Aristotle, text, introd., analysis, and comm. to Books I–V (I–III, VII–VIII) (London).

Swanson, J. A. (1992), The Public and the Private in Aristotle's Political Philosophy (Ithaca, NY).

Taylor, C. (1985), ‘Atomism’, in Philosophy and the Human Sciences (Cambridge), 187–210.

Tierney, B. (1983), ‘Tuck on Rights: Some Medieval Problems’, History of Political Thought, iv. 429–41.

—— (1988), ‘Villey, Ockham and the Origin of Individual Rights’, in J. Witte and F. S. Alexander (eds.), The Weightier Matters of the Law: A Tribute to Harold J. Berman (Atlanta), 1–31.

—— (1989), ‘Origins of Natural Rights Language: Texts and Contexts, 1150–1250’, History of Political Thought, x. 615–46.

—— (1991), ‘Aristotle and the American Indians Again: Two Critical Discussions’, Cristianesimo nella storia, 12. 295–322.

—— (1992), ‘Natural Rights in the Thirteenth Century: A Quaestio of Henry of Ghent’, Speculum, 67. 58–68.

Tuck, R. (1979), Natural Rights Theories: Their Origin and Development (Cambridge).

Tully, J. (1980), A Discourse on Property: John Locke and His Adversaries (Cambridge).

Ullmann‐Margalit, E. (1978), ‘Invisible Hand Explanations’, Synthese, 39. 263–92.

Vander Waerdt, P. A. (1985), ‘Kingship and Philosophy in Aristotle's Best Regime’, Phronesis, 30. 249–73.

Veatch, H. B. (1985), Human Rights: Fact or Fancy? (Baton Rouge, La.).

Verbeke, G. (1990), Moral Education in Aristotle (Washington, DC).

Villey, M. (1946), ‘L'Idée du droit subjectif et les systèmes juridiques romains’, Revue historique de droit, ser. 4, 24–5, 201–27.

—— (1962), Leçons d'histoire de la philosophie du droit (Paris).

—— (1964), ‘Le Genèse du droit subjectif chez Guillaume d'Occam’, Archives de philosophie du droit, 9. 97–127.

—— (1969), Seize essais de philosophie du droit (Paris).

—— (1975), La Formation de la pensée juridique moderne (4th edn., Paris).

Vlastos, G. (1977), ‘The Theory of Social Justice in the Polis in Plato's Republic’, in H. North (ed.), Interpretations of Plato, suppl. vol. of Mnemosyne (1977), 1–40.

(p.394) Vlastos, G. (1978), ‘The Rights of Persons in Plato's Conception of the Foundations of Justice’, in H. T. Engelhardt and D. Callahan (eds.), Morals, Science and Sociality (New York), 172–214.

—— (1981), ‘Isonomia Politikē’, in Platonic Studies (2nd edn., Princeton, NJ), 164–203.

Waldron, J. (1988), The Right to Private Property (Oxford).

Walzer, R. R., and Mingay, J. M. (1991), Aristotelis Ethica Eudemia (Oxford).

Waterlow, S. (1982), Nature, Change, and Agency in Aristotle's Physics (Oxford).

Weber, M. (1947), Theory of Social and Economic Organization (New York).

White, S. A. (1990), ‘Is Aristotelian Happiness a Good Life or the Best Life?’, Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, 8. 97–137.

—— (1992), Sovereign Virtue: Aristotle on the Relation between Happiness and Prosperity (Stanford, Calif.).

Whiting, J. (1986), ‘Human Nature and Intellectualism in Aristotle’, Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie, 68. 70–95.

—— (1988), ‘Aristotle's Function Argument: A Defense’, Ancient Philosophy, 8. 33–48.

Wieland, W. (1975), ‘The Problem of Teleology’, in Barnes et al. (1977), i. 141–60.

Wiggins, D. (1975–6), ‘Deliberation and Practical Wisdom’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 76. 29–51.

—— (1978), ‘Weakness of the Will, Commensurability, and the Objects of Deliberation and Desire’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 79. 251–77.

Wilamowitz‐Moellendorff, U. v. (1893), Aristoteles und Athen, 2 vols. (Berlin).

Williams, B. (1972), Morality: An Introduction to Ethics (New York).

—— (1980), ‘Justice as a Virtue’, in Rorty (1980), 189–99.

—— (1985), Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy (Cambridge, Mass.).

Wilson, E. O. (1975), Sociobiology: The New Synthesis (Cambridge, Mass.).

Wilson, J. Q. (1993), The Moral Sense (New York).

Wood, G. S. (1969), The Creation of the American Republic, 1776–1787 (Chapel Hill, NC).

Woodruff, P. (1982), Hippias Major, Plato, trans. with commentary and essay (Indianapolis).

Woods, M. (1982), Aristotle's Eudemian Ethics, Books I, II, and VIII, trans. with commentary (Oxford).

Yack, B. (1993), The Problems of a Political Animal: Community, Justice, and Conflict in Aristotelian Political Thought (Berkeley, Calif.).

Zeller, E. (1897), Aristotle and the Earlier Peripatetics, trans. B. F. C. Costelloe and J. H. Muirhead (London).

Zuckert, C. H. (1983), ‘Aristotle on the Limits and Satisfactions of Political Life’, Interpretation, 11. 185–206.

Zuckert, M. P. (1989), ‘Bringing Philosophy Down from the Heavens: Natural Right in the Roman Law’, The Review of Politics, 51. 70–85.