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Fighting at the Legal BoundariesControlling the Use of Force in Contemporary Conflict$

Kenneth Watkin

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190457976

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190457976.001.0001

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(p.633) Bibliography

(p.633) Bibliography

Source:
Fighting at the Legal Boundaries
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

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Canada

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Fighting International Terrorism and Crime, Permanent Mission of Canada to the United Nations, http://www.canadainternational.gc.ca/prmny-mponu/canada_un-canada_onu/positions-orientations/peace-paix/terrorism-terrorisme.aspx?lang=eng.

Israel

THE OPERATION IN GAZA 21 DECEMBER, 2008–18 JANUARY 2009, LEGAL AND FACTUAL ASPECTS, The State of Israel (2009).

1 PUBLIC COMMISSION TO EXAMINE THE MARITIME INCIDENT OF 31 MAY 2010 (2011).

Salah Shehadeh-Special Investigatory Commission, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Feb. 21, 2011), http://mfa.gov.il/MFA/AboutIsrael/State/Law/Pages/Salah_Shehadeh-Special_Investigatory_Commission_27-Feb-2011.aspx.

2 PUBLIC COMMISSION TO EXAMINE THE MARITIME INCIDENT OF 31 MAY 2010 (2013).

United Kingdom

AP I, UK Reservation/Declaration (July 2, 2002), http://www.icrc.org/applic/ihl/ihl.nsf/Notification.xsp?action=openDocument&documentId=0A9E03F0F2EE757CC1256402003FB6D2.

Testimony of Attorney-General Lord Goldsmith, 660 Hansard H.L. (Apr. 21, 2004) 370 (U.K.), available at http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/lords/2004/apr/21/international-self-defence.

The Manual of The Law of Armed Conflict, United Kingdom Ministry of Defence (2004).

CPS statement: Charging decision on the fatal shooting of Jean Charles de Menezes, The Crown Prosecution Service (July 17, 2006), http://www.cps.gov.uk/news/latest_news/146_06/.

CPS Statement—Shooting of Jean Charles de Menezes, The Crown Prosecution Service (Feb. 13, 2009), http://www.cps.gov.uk/news/latest_news/103_09/index.html.

III THE REPORT OF THE BAHA MOUSA INQUIRY, The Rt Hon Sir William Gage (Chairman) (2011), https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/279192/1452_iii.pdf.

(p.656) United States of America

THE SEIZURE OF THE MAYAGUEZ: A CASE STUDY OF CRISIS MANAGEMENT, U.S. Government Accountability Office (May 11, 1976), http://www.gao.gov/assets/240/233910.pdf.

Speech, Robert S. Mueller III, Federal Bureau of Investigation, http://www.fbi.gov/news/speeches/the-fbi-and-the-military-combining-forces-to-keep-america-safe (2007).

Clinton, Hillary Rodham, Reaffirming America’s Commitment to Humane Treatment of Detainees Press Statement, (Mar. 7, 2011), http://m.state.gov/md157827.htm.

Koh, Harold Hongju, The Obama Administration and International Law (Mar. 25, 2010), http://www.state.gov/s/l/releases/remarks/139119.htm.

______, Legal Adviser, Department of State, Responses to Questions Submitted by Senator Richard G. Lugar, Libya and War Powers: Hearing Before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate, 112th Congress, First Session (June 28, 2011).

______, Legal Advisor, U.S. Department of State, Remarks at USCYBER-COM Inter-Agency Legal Conference (Sept. 18, 2012), http://www.state.gov/s/l/releases/remarks/197924.htm.

NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR COUNTERTERRORISM, The White House (June 2011), http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/counterterrorism_strategy.pdf.

Letter Attorney General Eric Holder to The Honorable Patrick Leahy, 22 May 2013, http://www.justice.gov/slideshow/AG-letter-5-22-13.pdf.

Opening Statement Mary E. McLeod Acting Legal Adviser U.S. Department of State Committee Against Torture, Mission of the United States, Geneva, Nov. 12–13, 2014, https://geneva.usmission.gov/2014/11/12/acting-legal-adviser-mcleod-u-s-affirms-torture-is-prohibited-at-all-times-in-all-places/.

PERM. S. COM. ON INTELLIGENCE, 113th CONG., INVESTIGATIVE REP. ON THE TERRORIST ATTACKS ON U.S. FACILITIES IN BENGHAZI, LIBYA, SEPTEMBER 11–12, 2012 (Nov. 21, 2014), https://intelligence.house.gov/sites/intelligence.house.gov/files/documents/Benghazi%20Report.pdf.

THE NATIONAL MILITARY STRATEGY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 2015, (June 2015), http://www.jcs.mil/Portals/36/Documents/Publications/2015_National_Military_Strategy.pdf.

Department of Justice White Paper, 4 (undated), http://msnbcmedia.msn.com/i/msnbc/sections/news/020413_DOJ_White_Paper.pdf.

Memorandum for the Attorney General, Re: Applicability of Federal Criminal Laws and the Constitution to Contemplated Lethal Operations Against Shaykh Anwar al-Aulaqi, Office of the Assistant Attorney General, July 16, 2010, at 27, https://www.aclu.org/sites/default/files/assets/2014-06-23_barron-memorandum.pdf.

Letter from the United States Ambassador to the United Nations to The President of the United Nations Security Council (June 17, 2014), https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/1201215-power-letter-to-un-about-khattala.html.

Letter to United Nations Secretary General from United States Ambassador Samantha J. Power, dated 23 September, 2014, reproduced in Marty Lederman, The War Powers Resolution and Article 51 Letters Concerning Use of Force in Syria Against ISIL and the Khorasan Group [UPDATED to add statement of the U.N. Secretary-General], Just Security (Sept. 23, 2014, 3:21 PM), http://justsecurity.org/15436/war-powers-resolution-article-51-letters-force-syria-isil-khorasan-group/.

Preston, Stephen W., The Legal Framework for the United States’ Use of Military Force Since 9/11, Remarks by the General Counsel of the Department of National Defense on the Legal Framework for the United States’ Use of Force Since 9/11 (Apr. 10, 2015), http://www.defense.gov/Speeches/Speech.aspx?SpeechID=1931.

(p.657) International Organizations

Human Rights Watch

Israel, THE OCCUPIED WEST BANK AND GAZA STRIP, AND THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY TERRITORIES, JENIN: IDF MILITARY OPERATIONS, Human Rights Watch, Vol. 14, No. 3 (E) (May, 2002), http://www.hrw.org/reports/2002/israel3/israel0502.pdf.

VIOLENT RESPONSE: THE U.S. ARMY IN AL-FALLUJA, 15 Human Rights Watch, Iraq, NO. 7 (E), June 2003, http://www.hrw.org/reports/2003/iraqfalluja/iraqfalluja.pdf.

International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty

The Responsibility to Protect: Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, ICSS, Dec., 2001, http://responsibilitytoprotect.org/ICISS%20Report.pdf.

International Committee of the Red Cross and Humanitarian Law

XV OFFICIAL RECORDS OF THE DIPLOMATIC CONFERENCE ON THE REAFFIRMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW APPLICABLE IN ARMED CONFLICTS, GENEVA (1974–1977) CDDH/III/SR. 43 (1978).

Interpretive Guidance on the Notion of Direct Participation in Hostilities Under International Humanitarian Law, International Committee of the Red Cross (2009).

International Humanitarian Law and the challenges of contemporary armed conflicts, Report 31st International Conference Of The Red Cross And Red Crescent, EN 31IC/11/5.1.2 (28 November–1 December 2011), http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/red-cross-crescent-movement/31st-international-conference/31-int-conference-ihl-challenges-report-11-5-1-2-en.pdf.

Third Meeting Of Experts: The Use Of Force In Occupied Territory 29–30 October 2009, Geneva, in OCCUPATION AND OTHER FORMS OF ADMINISTRATION OF FOREIGN TERRITORY, ICRC (Tristan Ferraro ed., 2012).

THE USE OF FORCE IN ARMED CONFLICTS: INTERPLAY BETWEEN THE CONDUCT OF HOSTILITIES AND LAW ENFORCEMENT PARADIGMS, ICRC (Nov. 2013), http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/publications/icrc-002-4171.pdf.

INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW AND THE CHALLENGES OF CONTEMPORARY ARMED CONFLICT, Report 32nd International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent EN 32IC/15/11 (2015), available at https://www.justsecurity.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/2015-ICRC-Report-IHL-and-Challenges-of-Armed-Conflicts.pdf

International Crisis Group

DISMANTLING COLOMBIA’S NEW ILLEGAL ARMED GROUPS: LESSONS FROM A SURRENDER, International Crisis Group Latin America Report N°41 (June 8, 2012), http://www.crisisgroup.org/~/media/Files/latin-america/colombia/41-dismantling-colombias-new-illegal-armed-groups-lessons-from-a-surrender.pdf.

International Law Commission

Fragmentation Of International Law: Difficulties Arising From The Diversification And Expansion Of International Law, Rep. of the Int’l L. Comm’n., 58th session, May 1–June 9, July 3–Aug. 11 2006, UN Doc. A/CN.4/L.702 (July 18, 2006), http://legal.un.org/ilc/documentation/english/a_cn4_l682.pdf.

(p.658) International Law Association

INTERNATIONAL LAW ASSOCIATION, FINAL REPORT OF THE USE OF FORCE COMMITTEE: THE MEANING OF ARMED CONFLICT (Aug. 2010), http://www.ila-hq.org/en/committees/index.cfm/cid/1022.

NATO

ISAF Commander’s Tactical Directive (July 6, 2009) ISAF Headquarters, http://www.nato.int/isaf/docu/official_texts/Tactical_Directive_090706.pdf.

COMISAF NIGHT OPERATIONS TACTICAL DIRECTIVE, Headquarters International Security Assistance Force (Dec. 2011), http://www.isaf.nato.int/images/docs/20111105%20nuc%20night%20operations%20tactical%20directive%20(releaseable%20version)%20r.pdf.

Letter Peter Olson to Judge Kirsch, OLA (2012) 006, 4, Jan. 23, 2012, http://www.nato.int/nato_static/assets/pdf/pdf_2012_05/20120514_120514-NATO_1st_ICIL_response.pdf.

United Nations

A MORE SECURE WORLD: OUR SHARED RESPONSIBILITY, REPORT OF THE HIGH-LEVEL PANEL ON THREATS, CHALLENGES AND CHANGE (2004), https://www.un.org/en/peacebuilding/pdf/historical/hlp_more_secure_world.pdf.

Report of the International Commission of Inquiry on Darfur, Pursuant to Security Council Resolution 1564 of 18 September 2004, Report to the Secretary General, Geneva (Jan. 25, 2005), http://www.un.org/news/dh/sudan/com_inq_darfur.pdf.

Extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, Civil And Political Rights, Including The Questions Of Disappearances And Summary Executions, Comm’n. on Human Rights, UN Doc. E/CN.4/2006/53 (Mar. 8, 2006) (by Philip Alston), http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/pdfid/45377b100.pdf.

UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS: PRINCIPLES AND GUIDELINES, Department of Peacekeeping Operations (2008), available at http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/doctrine/interagency/un_prin_guide.pdf.

Report of the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, Philip Alston, UN Doc. A/HRC/14/24/Add.6 (May 28, 2010), http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/hrcouncil/docs/14session/A.HRC.14.24.Add6.pdf.

Human Rights Council, Report of the independent international commission of inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic, UN Doc. A/HRC/19/69 (Feb. 22, 2012), http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G12/106/13/PDF/G1210613.pdf?OpenElement.

Report of the Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea pursuant to Security Council resolution 2060 (2012): Somalia, Letter to the Security Council, UN Doc. S/2013/413 (July 12, 2013), http://www.securitycouncilreport.org/atf/cf/%7B65BFCF9B-6D27-4E9C-8CD3-CF6E4FF96FF9%7D/s_2013_413.pdf.

United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, Afghanistan Mid-Year Report 2012 Protection Of Civilians In Armed Conflict (July 2012).

Report of the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, UN Doc. AA/68/382 (Sept. 13, 2013) (by Christof Heyns), http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/68/382.

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, Ben Emmerson, UN Doc. A/68/389 (Sept. 18, 2013).

H.R. Committee, Concluding observations on the fourth periodic report of the United States of America, Human Rights Committee, UN Doc. CCPR/C/USA/CO/4 (Apr. 23, 2014).

(p.659) Performance Peacekeeping: Final Report of the Expert Panel on Technology and Innovation in UN Peacekeeping, Under-Secretary Department of Peacekeeping Operations & Under-Secretary Field Operations (Dec. 22, 2014).

Military Manuals and Doctrine Publications

Canada

LAW OF ARMED CONFLICT AT THE OPERATIONAL AND TACTICAL LEVELS, B-GJ-005-1 04/FP-021 (2001-08-13).

CF Code of Conduct CF Personnel, Office of the Judge Advocate General B-GG-005-027/AF-023 2-9 (undated).

United States of America

U.S. War Department, Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field, General Orders No. 100, Arts. (April 24, 1863), in LIEBER’S CODE, 45–71.

JOINT DOCTRINE FOR MILITARY OPERATIONS OTHER THAN WAR, Joint Pub 3-07 (16 June 1995).

Small Wars Manual, United States Marine Corps (2009) (1940).

JOINT DOCTRINE FOR MILITARY OPERATIONS OTHER THAN WAR, Joint Pub 3-07 (June 16, 1995), http://www.bits.de/NRANEU/others/jp-doctrine/jp3_07.pdf.

THE U.S. ARMY, MARINE CORPS, COUNTERINSURGENCY FIELD MANUAL (2007).

DoD Law of War Program, Department of Defense, Directive Number 2311.01E, May 9, 2006 (Incorporating Change 1, November 15, 2010, Certified Current as of February 22, 2011), http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/231101e.pdf.

COUNTERINSURGENCY, Joint Publication (Nov. 22, 2013), http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/new_pubs/jp3_24.pdf.

LEGAL SUPPORT TO THE OPERATIONAL ARMY, FM-04, Headquarters Department of the Army (Jan. 2012), http://armypubs.army.mil/doctrine/DR_pubs/dr_a/pdf/fm1_04.pdf.

Joint Targeting, United States Joint Publication (Jan. 31, 2013).

Stability, FM 3-07, Headquarters Department of the Army (June 2, 2014).

COUNTERTERRORISM, JP 3-26 (Oct. 24, 2014), http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/new_pubs/jp3_26.pdf.

DETAINEE OPERATIONS, JP3-63 (Nov. 14, 2014), http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/new_pubs/jp3_63.pdf.

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE LAW OF WAR MANUAL, Office of the General Counsel (June 2015), http://www.dod.mil/dodgc/images/law_war_manual15.pdf.

OPERATIONAL LAW HANDBOOK (Lieutenant-Commander David Lee, ed., 2015), http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/pdf/operational-law-handbook_2015.pdf

United Kingdom

Manual of Military Law (His Majesty’s Stationary Office, 1916) (1914).

The Manual of The Law of Armed Conflict, United Kingdom Ministry of Defence (2004).