Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Flat ProtagonistsA Theory of Novel Character$

Marta Figlerowicz

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190496760

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: December 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190496760.001.0001

Show Summary Details

(p.173) Bibliography

(p.173) Bibliography

Source:
Flat Protagonists
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

Ablow, Rachel. The Marriage of Minds: Reading Sympathy in the Victorian Marriage Plot. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2007.

———. “Tortured Sympathies: Victorian Literature and the Ticking Time-Bomb Scenario.” ELH 80, no. 4 (Winter 2013): 1145–1171.

Ahmed, Sara. “Willful Parts.” NLH 42, no. 2 (2011): 231–253.

Allison, Jenene J. Revealing Difference: The Fiction of Isabelle de Charrière. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1995.

Anderson, Amanda. “Character and Ideology.” NLH 42, no. 2 (2011): 209–229.

Andrade, Susan. “White Skin, Black Masks: Colonialism and the Sexual Politics of Oroonoko.” Cultural Critique 27 (1994): 189–214.

Anger, Suzy. Victorian Interpretation. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2005.

Armstrong, Nancy. Desire and Domestic Fiction. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

———. Fiction in the Age of Photography. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

———. “The Fiction of Bourgeois Morality and the Paradox of Individualism.” In The Novel, edited by Franco Moretti, vol. 2, 349–388. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006.

———. How Novels Think: The Limits of British Individualism from 1719–1900. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005.

Asquith, Mark. Thomas Hardy, Metaphysics, and Music. New York: Palgrave, 2005.

Austin, Linda M. “Hardy’s Laodicean Narrative.” Modern Fiction Studies 35, no. 2 (1989): 211–222.

Auyoung, Elaine. “The Sense of Something More in Art and Experience.” Style 44, no. 4 (2010): 547–565.

(p.174) Bakhtin, Mikhail. The Dialogic Imagination. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982.

———. Speech Genres and Other Late Essays. Translated by Vern McGee. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1986.

Ballaster, Ros. “Fiction Feigning Femininity: False Counts and Pageant Kings in Aphra Behn’s Popish Plot Writings.” In Aphra Behn Studies, edited by Janet Todd, 50–65. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Barthes, Roland. “The Reality Effect.” In The Rustle of Language, translated by Richard Howard, 141–148. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.

Beckett, Samuel. Proust and Three Dialogues. London: Calder, 1965.

Beckman, Richard. “A Character Typology for Hardy’s Novels.” ELH 30, no. 1 (1963): 70–87.

Behn, Aphra. Oroonoko and Other Writings. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Benjamin, Walter. “The Storyteller.” In Illuminations, translated by Harry Zohn, 83–110. New York: Schocken, 1969.

Berger, Sheila. Thomas Hardy and Visual Structures: Framing, Disruption, Process. New York: New York University Press, 1990.

Bersani, Leo. Marcel Proust: The Fictions of Life and of Art. New York: Oxford University Press, 1965.

Bertrand-Jennings, Chantal. “Nathalie Sarraute: Genèse d’une écriture.” The French Review 83, no. 1 (2009): 78–89.

Best, Stephen, and Sharon Marcus. “Surface Reading: An Introduction.” Representations 108, no. 1 (2009): 1–21.

Blake, Kathleen. “Pure Tess: Hardy on Knowing a Woman.” Studies in English Literature, 1500–1900 22, no. 4 (1982): 689–705.

Blondel, Charles. La Psychographie de Marcel Proust. Paris: Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin, 1932.

Booth, Wayne. The Rhetoric of Fiction. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1961.

Bostic, Heidi. “Graffigny’s Self, Graffigny’s Friend: Intimate Sharing in the Correspondence 1750–52.” Studies in Eighteenth Century Culture 42, no. 1 (2013): 215–236.

Boué, Rachel. “Lieux et figures de la sensation dans l’oeuvre de Nathalie Sarraute.” Littérature 89 (1993): 58–67.

Brée, Germaine. “The Inhuman World of Pleasure.” In Proust: A Collection of Critical Essays, edited by René Girard, 69–87. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1962.

Brooks, Peter. Reading for the Plot: Design and Intention in Narrative. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.

Brouard-Arends, Isabelle. “De l’allégeance à la contestation: la représentation de l’intimité dans l’univers Romanesque d’Isabelle de Charrière.” In Une Européenne: Isabelle de Charrière en son siècle, edited by Doris Jakobec and Jean-Daniel Candaux, 149–158. Neuchâtel: Editions Gilles Attinger, 1994.

Buell, Lawrence. “Introduction: In Pursuit of Ethics.” PMLA 114, no. 1 (1999): 7–19.

(p.175) Butler, Judith. Bodies that Matter. New York: Routledge, 1993.

———. Giving an Account of Oneself. New York: Fordham University Press, 2005.

———. The Psychic Life of Power. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1997.

———. “Values of Difficulty.” In Just Being Difficult? Academic Writing in the Public Arena, edited by Jonathan Culler and Kevin Lamb, 199–215. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003.

Carnell, Rachel. “Subverting Tragic Conventions: Aphra Behn’s Turn to the Novel.” Studies in the Novel 31, no. 2 (1999): 133–151.

Cazenobe, Colette. “Les lumières au pouvoir: la ‘philosophie’ d’Isabelle de Charrière à l’épreuve de la Révolution.” In Une Européenne: Isabelle de Charrière en son siècle, edited by Doris Jakobec and Jean-Daniel Candaux, 87–121. Neuchâtel: Editions Gilles Attinger, 1994.

———. “La temporalité vécue chez Madame de Charrière.” Revue d’Histoire littéraire de la France 100, no. 6 (2000): 1505–1510.

Charrière, Isabelle de. Letters of Mistress Henley, Published by Her Friend. Translated by Philip Stewart and Jean Vache. New York: MLA, 1993.

———. Lettres de Mistriss Henley, publiées par son amie. New York: MLA, 1993.

———. The Nobleman and Other Romances. New York: Penguin, 2012.

Chibka, Robert L. “Oh! Do Not Fear a Woman’s Invention: Truth, Falsehood, and Fiction in Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko.” Texas Studies in Literature and Language 30, no. 4 (1988): 510–537.

Christoff, Alicia. “Alone with Tess.” NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction 48, no. 1 (2015): 18–44.

Citton, Yves. “L’économie du bon ménage: Chagrins domestiques et soucis éthiques autour d’Isabelle de Charrière.” In Romancières des XVIIIe et XIXe siècles, edited by Catherine Mariette and Damien Zanone. Grenoble, forthcoming.

Cohn, Dorrit. Transparent Minds: Narrative Modes for Presenting Consciousness in Fiction. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Cohn, Ruby. “Nathalie Sarraute’s Sub-Consciousversations.” MLN 78, no. 3 (1963): 261–270.

Compagnon, Antoine. Proust entre deux siècles. Paris: Seuil, 1989.

Cossy, Valerie. “Isabelle de Charrière, Frances Burney et le métier d’écrivain.” In Une Européenne: Isabelle de Charrière en son siècle, edited by Doris Jakobec and Jean-Daniel Candaux, 125–140. Neuchâtel: Editions Gilles Attinger, 1994.

Courtney, Cecil P. “Bovarysme et réalisme dans la correspondance de Belle de Zuylen.” In Isabelle de Charrière (Belle de Zuylen): De la correspondance au roman épistolaire, edited by Yvette Went-Daoust, 15–22. Amsterdam and Atlanta, GA: CRIN, 1995.

Culler, Jonathan, and Kevin Lamb, eds. Just Being Difficult? Academic Writing in the Public Arena. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003.

Danius, Sara. “The Aesthetics of the Windshield: Proust and the Modernist Rhetoric of Speed.” Modernism/modernity 8, no. 1 (2001): 99–126.

(p.176) DeJean, Joan. Tender Geographies: Women and the Origin of the Novel in France. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991.

Deleuze, Gilles. Proust and Signs. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2000.

Deleuze, Gilles, and Claire Parnet. Dialogues. Translated by Hugh Tomlinson and Barbara Habberjam. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987.

Dessner, Lawrence Jay. “Space, Time, and Coincidence in Hardy.” Studies in the Novel 24, no. 2 (1992): 154–172.

Dickson, Vernon Guy. “Truth, Wonder, and Exemplarity in Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko.” Studies in English Literature 1500–1900 47, no. 3 (2007): 573–594.

Dobie, Madeleine. “The Subject of Writing: Language, Epistemology, and Identity in the Lettres d’une Péruvienne.” The Eighteenth Century 38, no. 2 (1997): 99–117.

Doheny, John R. “Characterization in Hardy’s Jude the Obscure: The Function of Arabella.” In Reading Thomas Hardy, edited by Charles P. C. Pettit, 57–82. London: Macmillan Press, 1998.

Dolin, Tim, and Peter Widdowson, eds. Thomas Hardy and Contemporary Literary Studies. New York: Palgrave, 2004.

Draper, R. P., ed. Hardy: The Tragic Novels. London: Macmillan, 1975.

Dubois, Pierre H. “Le scepticisme d’Isabelle de Charrière.” In Une Européenne: Isabelle de Charrière en son siècle, edited by Doris Jakobec and Jean-Daniel Candaux, 37–44. Neuchâtel: Editions Gilles Attinger, 1994.

Eagle, Christopher. “On ‘This’ and ‘That’ in Proust: Deixis and Typologies in A la recherche du temps perdu.” MLN 121, no. 4 (2006): 989–1008.

Ferguson, Moira. “Oroonoko: Birth of a Paradigm.” NLH 23, no. 2 (1992): 339–359.

Fisch, Gina. “Charrière’s Untimely Realism: Aesthetic Representation and Literary Pedagogy in Lettres de Lausanne and La Princesse de Clèves.” MLN 119, no. 5 (2004): 1058–1082.

Flaubert, Gustave. L’Education sentimentale. Paris: Folio, 1965.

———. Selected Letters. Translated by Geoffrey Wall. London: Penguin, 1992.

———. A Sentimental Education. Translated by Douglas Parmée. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Forster, E. M. Aspects of the Novel. London: Mariner Books, 1956.

Fowler, Elizabeth. Literary Character: The Human Figure in Early English Writing. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2003.

Freed-Thall, Hannah. “‘Prestige of a Momentary Diamond’: Economies of Distinction in Proust.” NLH 43, no. 1 (2012): 159–178.

Frohock, Richard. “Violence and Awe: The Foundations of Government in Aphra Behn’s New World Settings.” Eighteenth-Century Fiction 8, no. 4 (1996): 437–452.

Gallagher, Catherine. “Introduction: Cultural and Historical Background.” In Oroonoko; or, The Royal Slave, by Aphra Behn, edited by Catherine Gallagher, 3–25. Boston: Bedford, 2000.

———. “Oroonoko’s Blackness.” In Aphra Behn Studies, edited by Janet Todd, 235–258. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

(p.177) ———. “The Rise of Fictionality.” In The Novel, edited by Franco Moretti, vol. 1, 336–363. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006.

Gerrig, Richard. Experiencing Narrative Worlds: On the Psychological Activities of Reading. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1993.

Gilot, Michel. “La voix d’Isabelle de Charrière.” In Une Européenne: Isabelle de Charrière en son siècle, edited by Doris Jakobec and Jean-Daniel Candaux, 25–36. Neuchâtel: Editions Gilles Attinger, 1994.

Girard, René. Deceit, Desire, and the Novel: Self and Other in Literary Structure. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976.

———. “Introduction.” In Proust: A Collection of Critical Essays, edited by René Girard, 1–12. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1962.

———, ed. Proust: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1962.

Gleize, Jean-Marie. “L’un et l’autre.” Littérature 118 (2000): 71–77.

Goode, John. “Hardy and Marxism.” In Critical Essays on Thomas Hardy: The Novels, edited by Dale Kramer, 21–37. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1990.

———. Thomas Hardy. Oxford: Blackwell, 1988.

Graffigny, Françoise de. Letters from a Peruvian Woman. Translated by David Kornacker. New York: MLA, 1993.

———. Lettres d’une Péruvienne. New York: MLA, 1992.

Greiner, Rae. Sympathetic Realism in Nineteenth-Century British Fiction. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012.

Gustafson, Daniel. “Cultural Memory and the Royalist Political Aesthetic in Aphra Behn’s Later Works.” Restoration: Studies in English Literary Culture, 1660–1700 36, no. 2 (2012): 1–22.

Hägglund, Martin. Dying for Time. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2012.

Hardy, Barbara. “Passion in Context.” In Critical Essays on Thomas Hardy: The Novels, edited by Dale Kramer, 73–85. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1990.

Hardy, Thomas. Jude the Obscure. New York: Penguin, 1998.

———. Tess of the D’Urbervilles. New York: Penguin, 2003.

Harol, Corrinne. “The Passion of Oroonoko: Passive Obedience, the Royal Slave, and Aphra Behn’s Baroque Realism.” ELH 79, no. 2 (2012): 447–475.

Haustein, Katja. “Proust’s Emotional Cavities: Vision and Affect in A la recherche du temps perdu.” French Studies: A Quarterly Review 63, no. 2 (2009): 161–173.

Henchman, Anna. “Hardy’s Stargazers and the Astronomy of Other Minds.” Victorian Studies 51, no. 1 (2008): 37–64.

Hilger, Stephanie. “Comment peut-on être Péruvienne? Françoise de Graffigny, a Strategic Femme de Lettres.” College Literature 32, no. 2 (2005): 62–82.

Hollander, Rachel. “Daniel Deronda and the Ethics of Alterity.” Literature, Interpretation, Theory 16 (2005): 75–99.

———. “Novel Ethics: Alterity and Form in Jacob’s Room.” Twentieth-Century Literature 53 (2007): 40–66.

(p.178) Holmesland, Oddvar. “Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko: Cultural Dialectics and the Novel.” ELH 68, no. 1 (2001): 57–79.

Hughes, Derek, and Janet Todd, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Aphra Behn. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Hunt, Lynn. Inventing Human Rights. New York: Norton, 2008.

Hutner, Heidi, ed. Rereading Aphra Behn: History, Theory, and Criticism. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1993.

Ingarden, Roman. Cognition of the Literary Work of Art. Translated by Ruth Ann Crowley and Kenneth R. Olson. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1973.

Irwin, Michael. Reading Thomas Hardy’s Landscapes. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.

Iser, Wolfgang. The Act of Reading: A Theory of Aesthetic Response. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978.

Isikoff, Erin. “The Temple, the Château, and the Female Space: Nancy Miller’s Overreading of Graffigny’s Lettres d’une Péruvienne.” Dalhousie French Studies 33 (1995): 15–26.

Iwanishniw, Susan B. “Behn’s Novel Investment in Oroonoko: Kingship, Slavery and Tobacco in English Colonialism.” South Atlantic Review 63, no. 2 (1998): 75–98.

Jacobus, Mary. “Hardy’s Magian Retrospect.” In Critical Essays on Thomas Hardy: The Novels, edited by Dale Kramer, 38–53. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1990.

Jaeger, Kathleen M. Male and Female Roles in the Eighteenth Century: The Challenge to Replacement and Displacement in the Novels of Isabelle de Charrière. New York: Peter Lang, 1994.

Jaffe, Audrey. Scenes of Sympathy: Identity and Representation in Victorian Fiction. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2000.

Jakobec, Doris, and Jean-Daniel Candaux, eds. Une Européenne: Isabelle de Charrière en son siècle. Neuchâtel: Editions Gilles Attinger, 1994.

James, David. “Hearing Hardy: Soundscapes and the Profitable Reader.” Journal of Narrative Theory 40, no. 2 (2010): 131–155.

James, Henry. The Art of Fiction and Other Essays. New York: Oxford University Press, 1948.

———. The Letters of Henry James. Edited by Percy Lubbock. 2 vols. New York: Scribner, 1920.

Jaquier, Claire. “Le damier, la harpe, la robe salie: médiations et symboles du désir dans l’œuvre Romanesque d’Isabelle de Charrière.” In Une Européenne: Isabelle de Charrière en son siècle, edited by Doris Jakobec and Jean-Daniel Candaux, 177–186. Neuchâtel: Editions Gilles Attinger, 1994.

Johnson, Lionel. The Art of Thomas Hardy. New York: Haskell, 1973.

Keen, Suzanne. Empathy and the Novel. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Kornbluh, Anna. “Obscure Forms: The Letter, the Law, and the Line in Hardy’s Social Geometry.” NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction 48, no. 1 (2015): 1–17.

(p.179) Kristeva, Julia. Proust and the Sense of Time. London: Faber and Faber, 1993.

Laden, Marie-Paule. “‘Quel aimable et cruel petit livre’: Mme de Charrière’s Mistriss Henley.” French Forum (1986): 289–299.

———. “Trois femmes: Isabelle de Charrière et la réappropriation.” French Forum 28, no. 3 (2003): 25–39.

Lanser, Susan. “Courting Death: Roman, romantisme, and Mistriss Henley’s Narrative Practices.” Eighteenth Century Life 13, no. 1 (1989): 49–59.

Law, Jules David. “Sleeping Figures: Hardy, History, and the Gendered Body.” ELH 65, no. 1 (1998): 223–257.

Lawrence, D. H. “The Real Tragedy” (1914). In The Tragic Novels, edited by R. P. Draper, 64–72. London: Macmillan, 1975.

Levine, George. “Thomas Hardy’s The Mayor of Casterbridge: Reversing the Real.” In Critical Essays on Thomas Hardy: The Novels, edited by Dale Kramer, 169–189. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1990.

Lilienfeld, Jane. Reading Alcoholisms: Theorizing Character and Narrative in Selected Novels of Thomas Hardy, James Joyce, and Virginia Woolf. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999.

Lipking, Joanna. “Confusing Matters: Searching the Backgrounds of Oroonoko.” In Aphra Behn Studies, edited by Janet Todd, 259–281. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

———. “‘Others,’ Slaves, and Colonists in Oroonoko.” In The Cambridge Companion to Aphra Behn, edited by Derek Hughes and Janet Todd, 166–187. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Lovesey, Oliver. “Reconstructing Tess.” Studies in English Literature, 1500–1900 43, no. 4 (2003): 913–938.

Lubbock, Percy. The Craft of Fiction. New York: The Viking Press, 1964.

Lucey, Michael. “Proust’s Queer Metalepses.” MLN 116, no. 4 (2001): 795–815.

Lukacs, Georg. The Theory of the Novel. Translated by Anna Bostock. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1971.

Lurz, John. “Sleeping with Proust: Reading, Sensation, and the Books of the Recherche.” NLH 42, no. 1 (2011): 129–146.

Lynch, Deidre. The Economy of Character: Novels, Market Culture, and the Business of Inner Meaning. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1998.

Macey, J. David, Jr. “Eden Revisited: Re-visions of the Garden in Astell’s Serious Proposal, Scott’s Millenium Hall, and Graffigny’s Lettres d’une Péruvienne.” Eighteenth-Century Fiction 9, no. 2 (1997): 161–182.

Macksey, Richard. “The Architecture of Time: Dialectics and Structure.” In Proust: A Collection of Critical Essays, edited by René Girard, 104–121. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1962.

Mallipeddi, Ramesh. “Spectacle, Spectatorship, and Sympathy in Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko.” Eighteenth-Century Studies 45, no. 4 (2012): 475–496.

(p.180) Mariette, Catherine, and Damien Zanone, eds. Romancières des XVIIIe et XIXe siècles. Grenoble, forthcoming.

———. “Terminal Satire and Jude the Obscure.” ELH 73, no. 2 (2006): 519–547.

Matz, Aaron. Satire in the Age of Realism. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Maurois, André. A la recherche de Marcel Proust. Paris: Hachette, 1949.

McKeon, Michael. The Origins of the English Novel, 1600–1740. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987.

Meadowsong, Zena. “Thomas Hardy and the Machine: The Mechanical Deformation of Narrative Realism in Tess of the d’Urbervilles.” Nineteenth-Century Literature 64 (2009): 225–248.

Miller, D. A. The Novel and the Police. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Miller, J. Hillis. “Speech Acts, Decisions, and Community in The Mayor of Casterbridge.” In Thomas Hardy and Contemporary Literary Studies, edited by Tim Dolin and Peter Widdowson, 36–53. New York: Palgrave, 2004.

———. Thomas Hardy: Distance and Desire. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970.

Miller, Nancy K. “Men’s Reading, Women’s Writing: Gender and the Rise of the Novel.” Yale French Studies 75 (1988): 40–55.

Moore, Kevin Z. The Descent of the Imagination: Postromantic Culture in the Later Novels of Thomas Hardy. New York: New York University Press, 1990.

Moretti, Franco, ed. The Novel. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006.

———. “Serious Century.” In The Novel, edited by Franco Moretti, vol. 1, 364–400. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006.

———. The Way of the World: The Bildungsroman in European Culture. New York: Verso, 2000.

Moser-Verrey, Monique. “Isabelle de Charrière en quête d’une meilleure entente.” Stanford French Review 11, no. 1 (1987): 63–76.

Moyn, Samuel. “On the Genealogy of Morals.” The Nation, March 29, 2007, online at www.thenation.com/article/genealogy-morals/.

———. “Torture and Taboo: On Elaine Scarry.” The Nation, February 5, 2013, online at www.thenation.com/article/torture-and-taboo-elaine-scarry/.

Natarajan, Uttara. “Pater and the Genealogy of Hardy’s Modernity.” Studies in English Literature 1500–1900 46, no. 4 (2006): 849–861.

Nussbaum, Martha. “Fictions of the Soul.” Philosophy and Literature 7, no. 2 (1983): 145–161.

———. Love’s Knowledge. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

———. Political Emotions: Why Love Matters for Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2013.

O’Malley, Patrick R. “Oxford’s Ghosts: Jude the Obscure and the End of Gothic.” Modern Fiction Studies 46, no. 3 (2000): 646–671.

Pavel, Thomas G. Fictional Worlds. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1986.

(p.181) Pearson, Jacqueline. “Gender and Narrative in the Fiction of Aphra Behn.” The Review of English Studies 42, no. 165 (1991): 40–56.

———. “Slave Princes and Lady Monsters: Gender and Ethnic Difference in the Work of Aphra Behn.” In Aphra Behn Studies, edited by Janet Todd, 219–234. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Pettit, Charles P. C., ed. Reading Thomas Hardy. London: Macmillan Press, 1998.

Phelan, James. Reading People, Reading Plots. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.

Pinch, Adela. Thinking about Other People in Nineteenth-Century British Writing. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Pinker, Steven. The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined. New York: Viking, 2011.

Potolsky, Matthew. “Hardy, Shaftesbury, and Aesthetic Education.” SEL Studies in English Literature 1500–1900 46, no. 4 (2006): 863–878.

Poulet, Georges. “Proust and Human Time.” In Proust: A Collection of Critical Essays, edited by René Girard, 150–178. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1962.

Prendegast, Christopher. The Order of Mimesis. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Proust, Marcel. A la recherche du temps perdu. Paris: Folio, 1992.

———. In Search of Lost Time. Translated by C. K. Scott Moncrieff and Terence Kilmartin. New York: Modern Library, 1992.

Pyle, Forest. “Demands of History: Narrative Crisis in Jude the Obscure.” NLH 26, no. 2 (1995): 359–378.

Rimmer, Mary. “Hardy, Victorian Culture and Provinciality.” In Palgrave Advances in Thomas Hardy Studies, edited by Philip Mallett, 135–155. London: Palgrave, 2004.

Rivero, Albert J. “Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko and the ‘Blank Spaces’ of Colonial Fictions.” Studies in English Literature 1500–1900 39, no. 3 (1999): 443–462.

Robbe-Grillet, Alain. For a New Novel. Translated by Richard Howard. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1992.

———. La Jalousie. Paris: Editions de minuit, 1957.

———. Projet pour une révolution à New York. Paris: Editions de minuit, 1970.

Robson, Catherine. “‘Where Heaves the Turf’: Thomas Hardy and the Boundaries of the Earth.” Victorian Literature and Culture 32, no. 2 (2004): 495–503.

Ronen, Ruth. “Completing the Incompleteness of Fictional Entities.” Poetics Today 9 (1988): 497–514.

Rooksby, Emma. “Moral Theory in the Fiction of Isabelle de Charrière: The Case of Three Women.” Hypatia 20, no. 1 (2005): 1–20.

Rosenthal, Laura J. “Oroonoko: Reception, Ideology, and Narrative Strategy.” In The Cambridge Companion to Aphra Behn, edited by Derek Hughes and Janet Todd, 151–165. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

(p.182) Rosset, François. “Les nœuds du langage dans les Lettres d’une Péruvienne.” Revue d’Histoire littéraire de la France 96, no. 6 (1996): 1106–1127.

Roulston, Christine. “No Simple Correspondence: Mme de Graffigny as ‘Epistolière’ and as Epistolary Novelist.” L’Esprit Créateur 40, no. 4 (2000): 31–37.

———. “Seeing the Other in Mme de Graffigny’s Lettres d’une Péruvienne.” Eighteenth-Century Fiction 9, no. 3 (1997): 309–326.

Samson, Guillemette. “De Neuchâtel à la Martinique: espace et mouvement chez Mme de Charrière.” Eighteenth-Century Fiction 12, no. 1 (1999): 61–73.

Sarraute, Nathalie. Do You Hear Them? Translated by Maria Jolas. Milner, IL: Dalkey Archive Press, 2004.

———. L’ère du soupçon. Paris: Gallimard, 1956.

———. L’Usage de la parole. Paris: Gallimard, 1980.

———. Vous les entendez? Paris: Gallimard, 1972.

Sartre, Jean-Paul. “The Anti-Novel of Nathalie Sarraute.” Translated by Beth Brombert. Yale French Studies 16 (1955): 40–44.

Scarry, Elaine. The Body in Pain. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

———. Dreaming by the Book. New York: FSG, 1999.

———. On Beauty and Being Just. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999.

———. “Participial Acts: Working.” In Resisting Representation, 49–90. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

———. “Poetry Changed the World.” Boston Review 37, no. 4 (2012): 66–70.

Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. Epistemology of the Closet. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.

———. The Weather in Proust. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2012.

Showalter, English. “Mme de Graffigny, Reader of Fiction.” Eighteenth-Century Fiction 13, no. 2–3 (2001): 461–476.

Siebenschuh, William R. “Hardy and the Imagery of Place.” Studies in English Literature 1500–1900 39, no. 4 (1999): 773–789.

Sills, Adam. “Surveying ‘The Map of Slavery’ in Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko.” Journal of Narrative Theory 36, no. 3 (2006): 314–340.

Silverman, Kaja. “History, Figuration, and Female Subjectivity in Tess of the d’Urbervilles.” NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction 18, no. 1 (1984): 5–28.

Simon, Julia. “On Collecting Culture in Graffigny: The Construction of an ‘Authentic’ Péruvienne.” The Eighteenth Century 44, no. 1 (2003): 25–44.

Smith, Murray. Engaging Characters: Fiction, Emotion, and the Cinema. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995.

Smith, Paul J. “Madame de Charrière lectrice de La Fontaine.” In Une Européenne: Isabelle de Charrière en son siècle, edited by Doris Jakobec and Jean-Daniel Candaux, 49–63. Neuchâtel: Editions Gilles Attinger, 1994.

Sorum, Eve. “Hardy’s Geography of Narrative Empathy.” Studies in the Novel 43, no. 2 (2011): 179–199.

(p.183) Spacks, Patricia Meyer. Privacy: Concealing the Eighteenth-Century Self. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.

Spencer, Jane. Aphra Behn’s Afterlife. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Spengemann, William C. “The Earliest American Novel: Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko.” Nineteenth-Century Fiction 38, no. 4 (1984): 384–414.

Spivak, Gayatri. “Ethics and Politics in Tagore, Coetzee, and Certain Scenes of Teaching.” Diacritics 32, no. 3–4 (2002): 17–31.

Springer, Marlene. Hardy’s Use of Allusion. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1983.

Sprinker, Michael. History and Ideology in Proust. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Starobinski, Jean. “Belle en ses miroirs.” Conférence prononcée le 15 juin 1990 à Genève lors de la rencontre de l’Association Belle de Zuylen—Isabelle de Charrière et de l’Association Suisse des Amis de Madame de Charrière.

Summer, Rosemary. Thomas Hardy: Psychological Novelist. London: Macmillan, 1981.

Sussman, Charlotte. “The Other Problem with Women: Reproduction and Slave Culture in Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko.” In Rereading Aphra Behn: History, Theory, and Criticism, edited by Heidi Hutner, 212–233. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1993.

Thomas, Downing A. “Economy and Identity in Graffigny’s Lettres d’une Péruvienne.” South Central Review 10, no. 4 (1993): 55–72.

Thorel-Cailleteau, Sylvie. “The Poetry of Mediocrity.” In The Novel, edited by Franco Moretti, vol. 2, 64–94. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006.

Todd, Janet, ed. Aphra Behn Studies. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

———. “Introduction.” In Aphra Behn Studies, edited by Janet Todd, 1–12. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

———. “Who is Silvia? What is She? Feminine Identity in Aphra Behn’s Love-Letters Between a Nobleman and His Sister.” In Aphra Behn Studies, edited by Janet Todd, 199–218. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Undank, Jack. “Graffigny’s Room of Her Own.” French Forum 13, no. 3 (1988): 297–318.

Vanpée, Janie. “From Graffigny’s Lettres d’une Péruvienne to Leila Sebbar’s and Nancy Huston’s Lettres parisiennes: Figuring Cultural Displacement.” Dalhousie French Studies 61 (2002): 135–146.

Vermeule, Blakey. Why Do We Care about Literary Characters? Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011.

Vigar, Penelope. The Novels of Thomas Hardy: Illusion and Reality. London: Athlone Press, 1974.

Visconsi, Eliot. “A Degenerate Race: English Barbarism in Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko and The Widow Ranter.” ELH 69, no. 3 (2002): 673–701.

Warner, Michael. Publics and Counterpublics. New York: Zone Books, 2005.

(p.184) Watt, Ian. The Rise of the Novel: Studies in Defoe, Richardson, and Fielding. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1964.

Went-Daoust, Yvette, ed. Isabelle de Charrière (Belle de Zuylen): De la correspondance au roman épistolaire. Amsterdam and Atlanta, GA: CRIN, 1995.

Whatley, Janet. “The Eighteenth-Century Canon: Works Lost and Found.” French Review 61 (1988): 414–420.

Wike, Jonathan. “The World as Text in Hardy’s Fiction.” Nineteenth-Century Literature 47, no. 4 (1993): 455–471.

Williams, Bernard. Shame and Necessity. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

Williams, Daniel. “Rumor, Reputation, and Sensation in Tess of the D’Urbervilles.” NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction 46, no. 1 (2013): 93–115.

Williams, Raymond. “The Educated Observer and the Passionate Participant.” In Hardy: The Tragic Novels, edited by R. P. Draper, 94–105. London: Macmillan, 1975.

Woloch, Alex. The One vs. the Many: Minor Characters and the Space of the Protagonist in the Novel. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003.

Woolf, Virginia. Mrs. Dalloway. London: Harcourt, 1981 [1925].

———. “The Novels of Thomas Hardy.” In Hardy: The Tragic Novels, edited by R. P. Draper, 73–79. London: Macmillan, 1975.

———. The Waves. New York: Harvest Books, 1978.

Yang, Chi-ming. “Asia Out of Place: The Aesthetics of Incorruptibility in Behn’s Oroonoko.” Eighteenth-Century Studies 42, no. 2 (2009): 235–253.

Yeazell, Ruth. “The Lighting Design of Hardy’s Novels.” Nineteenth-Century Literature 64, no. 1 (2009): 48–75.

Young, Elizabeth V. “Aphra Behn, Gender, and Pastoral.” Studies in English Literature, 1500–1900 33, no. 3 (1993): 523–543.

Zunshine, Lisa. Why We Read Fiction: Theory of Mind and the Novel. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2006.