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Justice, Care, and the Welfare State$

Daniel Engster

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198719564

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: October 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719564.001.0001

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(p.285) Index

(p.285) Index

Source:
Justice, Care, and the Welfare State
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Abecedarian Childcare Project55
Ackerman, Bruce131, 132, 138, 200,217, 218
Alexander, Karl64
Alstott, Anne34n2, 131, 132, 138, 200, 217, 218
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)169n6, 170, 191–2
Aristotle43
attachment43, 50–1, 52, 53, 68, 128, 151n24
autonomy17, 18, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 45, 46, 61, 63, 74, 77, 173, 180, 215
Baier, Annette22
Baker, Michael53n28, 70–1, 73
Barnes, Colin163n1, 169n6
Barry, Brian15n24, 200
basic income
for children66–7
criticisms211–14
definition210
for elderly131, 132, 134–5, 136–8, 139–41, 142–5, 147, 148, 160, 161, 162, 205, 208, 210, 211, 220, 236
universal31, 200, 202, 208, 210–16, 217, 219, 221, 224, 228, 230
Batavia, Andrew195, 196
Bergmann, Barbara73, 213
Beveridge, Sir William80n2
Blank, Robert87, 89
Brighouse, Harry34n4, 42, 45n17, 49n20
British Council of Disabled People167
Brock, Daniel87, 116n32
Brownwell, Marni98
Burau, Viola87, 89
Callahan, Daniel115, 121n3
capabilities approach3n5, 25
and care ethics20, 24, 176–8, 183–5
and disability31, 166, 176–8, 180, 183–5
and health care83, 90–1, 105n23
care ethics
criticisms of29, 166, 170–1, 178–82
definition18–24
and means-testing102, 117–8, 147–8, 160–1, 240
personal responsibility under23, 101–2, 208, 214
principles of public administration28–9
public ethics of care24–8
theory of social responsibility21–3
and welfare state reform17–18
children
abuse and neglect of15, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 44, 45, 49–50, 51, 52, 54, 57, 58, 60, 67, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 77, 78, 128
cash and tax benefits for30, 51–2, 56, 58, 59, 66–7, 68, 72, 76, 77, 205, 208, 217
child protection system60, 76
child-support system60, 76, 232
childcare29, 30, 34, 51, 54–6, 58, 59, 60, 66, 70–3, 76, 77, 78, 79, 197, 205, 208, 209, 211, 212, 216, 217, 220, 222, 226, 229–30, 236, 240
cost estimate for family policies for70, 73, 74, 75–6, 78, 239
and health care35, 60, 76, 99
as public goods47n18
rights34, 35, 36–7, 38, 39, 40, 41–2, 43, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49–54, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 66, 68, 69, 76, 77–8 see also parents
Cohen, G.A.9–10, 15–16
Daniels, Norman80, 81, 82, 83, 87, 89–90, 92, 94, 95n15, 102–3, 104, 105n23, 106, 114–5, 115n31, 121n3, 130–1, 132
disability2n4, 3n6, 4, 6–7, 9, 12n20, 13, 14, 23, 31, 35, 92, 95n15, 97, 99, 100, 125n5, 159, 200, 212, 220, 238
cost estimate for policies for197–8, 239
definition167
and disadvantage164
and education164, 166, 167, 182, 183–6, 197, 198
employment and income policies166, 186–92, 198, 205, 236, 249–51
(p.286) personal assistance service, see personal assistance services
and poverty, see poverty, disabled persons
and social contract theory165, 174–6
social model of163–4, 165–6, 167–9, 174, 180, 181, 182, 186, 190, 191, 198, 199
social model theory of justice169–74
Dworkin, Ronald9, 14, 33, 171, 186–7, 200
Earned Income Tax Credit226
education39, 40, 51, 52, 58, 59, 60–5, 70, 72, 73, 77, 78, 127, 207, 209, 212, 217–18, 219, 222, 224, 231, 236, 240
after-school programs64, 77–8, 226
class size65
cost estimate for reform proposals75–6, 239
and disability164, 166, 167, 182, 183–6, 197, 198
and health83, 84–5, 87–8, 89, 90, 91, 92, 97
funding65
reforms74–6
sex education48n19
summer programs55n29, 64–5, 226
teachers62–3
testing63, 75
tracking63–4
vouchers75
Eichner, Maxine34n2, 35, 38, 49n20
elderly1, 4, 5, 9, 13, 14, 18, 29, 30–1, 193, 196, 220, 230, 236, 238, 239, 240
filial support laws126, 129
financial needs124–5, 126–7
and health care81, 86, 99, 100, 102–4, 108, 114–6, 122, 124, 131, 162
long-term care needs125–6, 131, 148–9, 222
long-term care policy, see long-term care
and poverty, see poverty, elderly
responsibility for126–9
and work capacity124–5
Emanuel, Ezekiel113
employment and income policies222, 224–33
cost estimate for239
for disabled people166, 186–92, 198, 205, 236, 249–51
and divorce232–3
job-creation229
job training and placement228–9, 236
in-work benefits226–8, 236
minimum wage226, 227
unemployment insurance230–2, 236
work hour regulations60, 223
workfare231
Esping-Andersen, Gøsta vii, 1, 2n2, 60n34, 239
Faden, Ruth91n12
family policies, see children; parents
Farrelly, Colin2–3
feminism7, 34, 35, 37, 78, 163, 167, 168
Fineman, Martha22
Francis, Leslie175–6, 177, 178
Friedman, Milton209, 210
Gambaro, Ludovica72
Gauthier, David9, 33
Gheaus, Anca44n16, 72
Gilligan, Carol179
Goldman, Dana87
Gonzales, Ramiro74
Goodin, Robert25
Gornick, Janet34n2, 69
Green, T.H.7
Groves, Christopher151n24
Gruber, Jonathan73
Haeck, Catherine53n28
Hankivsky, Olena4n8
Hanushek, Eric62
Hartley, Christine174–5
Head Start Program54, 55, 70
health care3, 4, 5, 7, 18, 30, 32, 212, 217, 220, 221, 222, 224
benchmarks and rankings105–7, 109–13, 242–8
care dimensions93–6, 105–7
and children35, 60, 76, 99
cost estimate114, 239
definition82
and the elderly81, 86, 99, 100, 102–4, 108, 114–6, 122, 124, 131, 162
and health83–91
and poverty, see poverty, health
as private responsibility98–102
rationing and cost containment114–9
systems, characteristics107–9, 241–2
Heckman, James60n34, 72, 73
Helburn, Suzanne73
Held, Virginia4n8, 25, 29
Heritage Foundation147
Hobhouse, L.T.7, 202n2
Holstein, Martha103–4, 152
Hursthouse, Rosalind24n31
ideal theory2, 2n5, 7–14, 119, 166, 198, 201, 210, 236, 240
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)185–6
Kant, Immanuel36, 37
Kenworthy, Lane225n21
Kittay, Eva4n8, 22, 116n33, 165, 166, 172–3, 174, 178, 195
(p.287) Lakdawalla, Darius87
liberal socialism31, 202, 208, 221–4
liberalism17, 21, 24, 25, 30, 34, 35, 36–40, 42, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 61, 78, 88n10, 148, 174, 176, 180, 197, 214–15, 238
libertarianism7n14, 25, 31, 200, 202, 208, 209–10, 216, see also Friedman, Milton; Nozick, Robert; Shaprio, Daniel
Locke, John36, 37
long-term care7, 18, 26, 29, 31, 32, 81, 103, 104, 114, 121, 122–3, 124, 131, 161, 162, 192–4, 195, 196, 211, 212, 217, 222, 226, 230, 236, 238
assisted living facilities150, 151–2, 154
cost estimate for public support for159–60, 239
definition125, 152–3, 154
as family responsibility126, 127–9
home care150, 154, 156–9
nursing homes150, 151–2, 154
policy reforms148–55
and private insurance127 see also personal assistance services
Lynch, Robert73
Marmot, Michael13n22
marriage promotion76–7
Marshall, T.H.7, 202n2
McClain, Linda34n2, 49n20
McKee, Martin85, 93n13, 243
Meade, James219, 221
Menec, Verena98
Meyers, Marcia34n2, 69
Mill, J.S.7
Miller, David2–3, 6n11, 16, 16n25
Milligan, Kevin53n28, 73
Mills, Charles8n17, 9
Morris, Jenny170–1, 179, 195, 196
Noddings, Nel4n8, 26, 61, 179
Nolte, Ellen85, 93n13, 243
non-ideal theory2–3, 4, 5, 6, 7–17, 18, 39, 49, 81, 82, 119, 126, 201, 231, 232, 240
Nozick, Robert2n4, 7n14, 8, 9–10, 12–13, 14, 33
Nussbaum, Martha2n5, 13, 15, 20, 20n28, 31, 165, 166, 174, 176–8, 179, 180, 183–5, 186
OECD (Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development)239
disabled persons183, 187, 188, 249, 250
education62, 71, 78
elderly persons121, 135, 137, 141, 146n19
families33, 51n25, 70
health care107–8, 114, 116, 241–2
poverty203, 204, 225, 232, 233
Okin, Susan34n2
Okma, Kieke112
old age, see elderly; pensions
Oliver, Michael163n1, 169n6
Olsaretti, Serena47n18
O’Neill, Martin220, 221
parents
job-protected paid leaves26, 35, 52–4, 58, 59, 66, 68–70, 76, 77, 78, 79, 205, 208, 213, 220, 222
licensing for48
and poverty, see poverty, parents
right to raise children42–5
sick leave60, 76
training classes for57–8, 73–4, 76,77, 220
and work hour regulations60 see also children
Pateman, Carol8n17
pensions5, 123, 127, 159, 160, 208, 212, 222
cost estimates141–2, 145, 161, 239
cost-cutting reforms145–7
just institutions142–8
national systems134–42
principles of justice for130–4
Perry Preschool Program54–5
personal assistance services152, 166, 171, 182–3, 192–7, 198, 205, 236, 238; see also long-term care
Phelps, Edmund227n24
Piketty, Thomas5
PISA (Program for International Student Assessment)56, 62, 63, 64, 71, 78
poor14, 26, 31, 84, 86, 99, 100, 108, 110, 132, 134, 135, 138, 141, 157, 196, 200, 201, 202, 238
composition of203–4
definition203
social obligations toward203–8 see also poverty
Posner, Richard121n3
poverty2, 4, 7, 12n20, 23, 31, 209
and care203–6
and children15, 39, 48, 50, 52, 53–4, 58, 59, 60, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 76, 78, 208, 209
and disabled persons164, 188–90, 192, 208, 236, 250–1
and the elderly126–7, 129, 131–2, 134, 135, 136–42, 143, 159, 201, 203–5, 208, 210
and health87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 98, 120, 204, 205, 208, 236, 243
and long-term care204, 205
(p.288) and the non-disabled working age population200, 201, 202, 203–7, 211, 213n15, 217, 222, 224–8, 230–1, 232, 236, 237
and parents203–4, 208, 209
shares203–4, 204n7
and the welfare state210, 233–5
Powers, Madison91n12
Priestly, Mark191
privacy17, 29, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40, 45, 46, 77, 92, 151, 220
property-owning democracy31, 202, 208, 218–21, 230
race and racism2, 6–7, 9, 13, 48, 75, 83, 89, 90, 139–40, 147, 163, 164, 167, 168
Rawls, John200, 204n9, 222, 240
disabled persons164–5
elderly persons130, 131
family33, 37–8, 45
health care83, 89, 92
ideal theory2, 2n4, 7n14, 8, 9–10, 12, 13, 14
property-owning democracy218–19, 220, 221
social contract174, 175
Richardson, Henry175
Robeyns, Ingrid12, 213–14
Roos, Noralou98
Rosenthal, Elisabeth119n35
Ruger, Jennifer Prah83, 90–1, 105n23
Ruhm, Christopher53
Scharpf, Fritz233n30
Schokkaert, Erik131, 132
Schweikart, David222, 223n19
Segall, Shlomi90
Sen, Amartya2–3, 9n17, 15
Sevenhuijsen, Selma4n8
Shapiro, Daniel2n6, 100–1, 131, 132, 135
Shakespeare, Tom163n1, 169n6, 172n10
Silvers, Anita166, 169–70, 171, 172, 173, 175–6, 177, 178, 179, 184
Simmons, A. John8, 11, 13
Slote, Michael4n8, 6, 24n31
social contract theory8n17, 31, 37, 165, 174–6, 180, 197
social determinants of health80, 81, 82, 83–8, 89, 90, 91, 92, 96–8, 102
Social Security Program126, 135; see also elderly, pensions
Sreenivasan, Gopal88
stakeholder proposals31, 200, 202, 216–18
Steward, Kitty72
Swift, Adam11, 34n4, 42, 45n17, 49n20
Tanaka, Sakiko53
tax policy220, 228, 234–6
Temkin, Larry88
Tilly, Jane97
Tronto, Joan4n8, 6, 19n27
unemployment insurance, see employment and income policies
Union of Physically Impaired Against Segregation167
United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child42
Van Parijs, Philippe131, 132, 200, 204n9, 210–11, 213, 214, 215, 216
Venkatapuram, Sridhar91n11
Waldfogel, Jane72
welfare state regimes vii, 238
White, Stuart200, 202n2, 216
Whitehall studies84
Wiener, Joshua97
World Health Organization68
Wolff, Jonathan91, 165, 195, 196
work
care work29, 94, 96, 103, 143, 153, 154, 158, 196, 213, 229–30, 236
low-wage225, 226, 227
meaningful223–4
part-time1, 124, 139, 183, 205, 206, 208, 225–6, 227–8, 236
responsibility to214 see also employment and income policies
Working Tax Credit226