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Aegean InteractionsDelos and its Networks in the Third Century$

Christy Constantakopoulou

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198787273

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: July 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198787273.001.0001

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(p.269) Appendix 4 The Geographic Spread of Delian Honours: A List of Toponyms Associated with the Ethnic Names of Honorands

(p.269) Appendix 4 The Geographic Spread of Delian Honours: A List of Toponyms Associated with the Ethnic Names of Honorands

Source:
Aegean Interactions
Author(s):

Christy Constantakopoulou

Publisher:
Oxford University Press

  • Abydos: proxeny 5171

  • Aitolia: proxeny 643, statue 1075, community dorea 442A 88–90

  • Akarnania?:2 proxeny 519

  • Alexandria: proxeny 588,3 650, 670, 742, Launey 1949, 578–80, crown 649, 674, statue 290 129–31

  • Amorgos, Aegiale: proxeny 826

  • Amphipolis: proxeny 13494

  • Andros: proxeny, 833, 834, crown 544

  • Antioch: crown 600

  • Antioch ad Kydnos: proxeny 822

  • Apollonia:5 proxeny 667

  • Arados:6 proxeny 601, 776, 816

  • Argos: proxeny 546

  • Askalon:7 proxeny 817 + 818 (crown)

  • Aspendos: crown 684

  • Athens: proxeny 514 (and crown), 527, 540, 558, 575, 579, 638, 669, 694 (and crown), 745, 845

  • Boiotia: proxeny 556, 823, 824

  • Byzantium: proxeny 510, 530x2, 570, 627, 778, 779 + 780 (crown)

  • Canusium: proxeny 642

  • (p.270) Cassandreia: proxeny 663

  • Ceos: proxeny 693

  • Carthaia: proxeny 592, 769

  • Chalcedon:8 proxeny 618, 645

  • Chersonesos:9 proxeny, BCH 1991, 722, crown 844

  • Chios: proxeny 541, 547, 572 (and crown), 597, 598, 599, 628 × 2, 691, 715? × 3, 767, 793, 819 + 820 (crown)

  • Clazomenai: proxeny 783

  • Cnidos: proxeny 563, 644, 789, crown 744

  • Colophon: proxeny 699

  • Cos: proxeny 730, statue 1078, 1200

  • Crete

  • Cnossos: proxeny 719 × 2, 720, 721

  • Gortyn: proxeny 781

  • Oaxos: statue 1077

  • Polyrrheneia: proxeny 538, crown 782

  • Cyme:10 proxeny and crown 697

  • Cyprus

  • Karpaseia: proxeny 807

  • Kition: proxeny 512

  • Cyrene: proxeny 631, 657, 801

  • Cythera: proxeny 636

  • Cyzikos: proxeny 562

  • Delos: exedrae 1080, 1081, 1082, 1083, 1085, 1086, statues 1084, 1087

  • Delphi: proxeny 626

  • Elaia: proxeny 637

  • Epeiros: proxeny 635 × 2

  • Euboia

  • Carystos: proxeny 516, 605, 673

  • Chalkis: proxeny 567, 615, 640,11 647, 654, 679 + 680 (crown), 681 + 682 (crown), crown 706

  • Histiaia: proxeny 533

  • (p.271) Ephesos: proxeny 653 × 2

  • Fregella: proxeny 757

  • Halicarnassos: proxeny 528, 565, 581, 610, 775

  • Heracle[ia] (of Bithynia?):12 797

  • Iasos: proxeny 529

  • Ikaria, Oine: proxeny 539, 811, 812

  • Kleitoria: proxeny 532

  • Ky[?: proxeny 603

  • Lampsakos: proxeny 518, 571, 708 (and crown)

  • Larisa:13 proxeny 584 × 2

  • Lesbos

  • Methymmna: proxeny 590, 623

  • My[tilene?]: proxeny 521?,14 594, 61315

  • Ma[roneia]: crown 705

  • Macedonia: proxeny 585, 784, 785, crown and statue 664 + 665 + 1076

  • Massalia: crown 687

  • Megalopolis: proxeny 750

  • Megara: proxeny 545, 564, community dorea 449A 23–6

  • Melos: proxeny 513, crown 749

  • Miletos: proxeny 525, 617, 625

  • My[conos?]: proxeny 521?16

  • Naucratis: proxeny 561

  • Naupaktos: proxeny 692, 837

  • Naxos: proxeny 552, 588,17 611, 656, 701, 798, 832

  • Nisyros: proxeny 595, 622

  • Olbiopolis: proxeny 813, 814

  • Olynthos: proxeny 531 × 3

  • Pantikapaion: proxeny 609

  • Paros: proxeny 616, 841

  • Pergamon: proxeny 583, 586, 765 + 766 (crown)

  • (p.272) Phocaea: proxeny 652 × 2

  • Pholegandros: proxeny 612

  • Rhodes: proxeny 580, 589, 596 × 4, 614, 648, 651, 683, 690 (and crown), 711, 714, 751, 752 + 753 (crown), 754 + 755 (crown), 839, 842, 846?,18 community honours (either a crown or a dorea?) 406B 64, community crown 442A 24–6, 65–7

  • Rhoition: proxeny 582

  • Rome: proxeny, 808, 809 (and crown), crown 712, community crowns × 2 465c 20,19 unknown honours for two individuals 460e 19, 461Aa 83

  • Samos: proxeny 577, 787, statue 1079

  • Seleucia: proxeny 772, 773 +774 (crown), 815

  • Seriphos: proxeny 639

  • Side:20 crown 839

  • Sidon: proxeny 746, crown 559

  • Sikyon: proxeny 511?,21 704

  • Sikinos: proxeny 511?,22 688

  • Siphnos:23 proxeny 587, 760 × 2, 840

  • Smyrna: proxeny 85124

  • Sparta: proxeny 542 (and crown), 716, 717, 718

  • Stratonikeia: proxeny 703

  • Syracuse:25 proxeny 723, 758?, 759

  • Syros: proxeny 591, 633

  • Tanagra: proxeny 641

  • Taras: proxeny 810

  • Tenos:26 proxeny 573, 655, 763 + 764 (crown), 828

  • Teos: proxeny 698, 786

  • Thera: proxeny 709 + 710 (crown)

  • Thessalia, Trikka: proxeny 606

  • Thessalonike: crown 666

  • Tyros: proxeny 777

Notes:

(1) References 290 to 465 are to ID, 510 to 1349 are to IG XI.4.

(2) The ethnic ‘Akarnan’ was suggested by Roussel in the IG XI.4 519 commentary, and followed by Tréheux 1992, 75, s.v. Ῥαχᾶς Ἀντιό‎[χου‎? Ἀκαρν‎]άν‎, and the LGPN IIIA, 384, s.v. Ῥάχας‎ [sic], where he listed as an Akarnanian. As far as I can see, the Delian proxenos Rachas is the only attestation of this name in the Greek world.

(3) This proxenos is a Naxian, but he is resident in Alexandria: ll. 3–4: Φίλιππος Θεοπόμπου Νάξιος κατοικῶ‎[ν‎] ἐν Ἀλεξάνδρείαι τῆς Αἰγύπτου‎.

(4) Couilloud 1974, 318 for Amphipolitans on Delos.

(5) It is very difficult to know which Apollonia is designated in this decree: see Couilloud 1974, 327 for a discussion of the difficulty of identifying the ethnic Apolloniates in Delian inscriptions. See note on proxeny decree 667 in Appendix 1 for a possible identification.

(6) The ethnic Aradios used in these proxeny decrees most likely designates those coming from the island Arados off the coast of Phoenicia. See Couilloud 1974, 325 for a list of Aradioi on Delos in the period of the Athenian cleruchy, and Masson 1969, 682 n. 4.

(7) This is one of the earliest attestations of an Askalonite in Delian inscriptions. For Askalonites, who become more prominent in the period of the Athenian cleruchy, see Couilloud 1974, 68 with no. 21. On the Askalon proxenos of the early second century, honoured in these two inscriptions, see Roussel 1987, 12, n. 3.

(8) There is a confusion in Delian inscriptions between Καλχηδόνιοι‎ and Καρχηδόνιοι‎. Καλχηδόνιοι‎, the ethnic used in these proxeny decrees, most likely refers to Chalkedon: see Bruneau 1970, 646, and Couilloud 1974, 193 with no. 420, and the note on decree 618 in Appendix 1.

(9) This is Chersonesos in the Black Sea: see Dana 2011, 89 with nn. 20 and 21 in 425–6. I would like to thank Madalina Dana for discussing this with me.

(10) Like with many ethnics recorded in the Delian inscriptions, the identification of Cyme here is not absolutely certain. Marek 1984, 73 locates it in the Aiolian coast. Tréheux 1992, 103 also identifies it as Cyme of Aiolia.

(11) This decree is incomplete, and breaks off during the motivation clause. But the language of the decree strongly implies that this was a typical proxeny decree (even though the word ‘proxenos’ does not survive in the surviving section). The context of the motivation clause also implies that this was an award to a citizen of Chalkis, as the honours are given on the basis of the honorand’s (Aischylos) treatment in Chalkis of the Delians who arrived there: ll. 3–9: ἐπειδὴ Αἰσχύλος ἀνὴρ ἀγαθὸς ὢν διατελεῖ περὶ τὸ ἱερὸν καὶ Δηλίους‎ [κ‎]αὶ τοῖς ἀφικν‎[ουμέ‎]νοις Δηλί‎[ων‎] [εἰ‎]ς Χαλκί‎[δα φιλότιμο‎]ς‎ [ὢ‎]ν‎ [κα‎]ὶ πολλὴ‎[ν σπουδὴν ἀεὶ παρέ‎]χ‎̣[ε‎]ται δε‎[ομένοις‎].

(12) Another difficult ethnic to locate. Tréheux 1992, 100, lists this proxenos under the Heracleians of Bithynia. Same identification in Marek 1984, 72.

(13) Another toponym with many possible identifications (Stephanus Byzantius lists ten toponyms). Couilloud 1974, 327, suggests two alternatives: the Thessalian Larisa or the Syrian Larisa. Marek 1984, 73 locates Larisa in Thessaly, while Tréheux 1992, 104 suggests Larisa of Thessaly or Larisa of the Troad.

(14) The stone preserves only the first two letters My– of the ethnic. There are two possibilities: Mytilene and Mykonos. Marek 1984, 72 prefers Mytilene.

(15) The ethnic is not included in the decree. Indeed, as Mack noted (2015, 55 n. 95), this is one of the rare occasions where the ethnic is not recorded in the honours; perhaps this was related to the fact that the recipient was well known in his own right. For Praxiphanes, son of Dionysiphanes see Haake 2007, 247–51.

(16) While there are a number of Myconians on Delos, for which see Couilloud 1974, 78 no. 45, and Tréheux 1992, 105–6, there is no clear evidence for a Delian proxenos on Myconos. The decree here only preserves the first two letters of the ethnic, and most scholars accept the supplement My[tilene]. See above under Lesbos, Mytilene. For the island identification ‘Myconian’, see Reger 2001 and Constantakopoulou 2005.

(17) But this is a ‘resident in Alexandria’: see above, under Alexandria.

(18) The ethnic ‘Rhodios’ does not survive in this decree, but see note on 846 in Appendix 1 as to why this is preferred.

(19) These are crowns awarded to the Roman Senate and the Roman demos: see notes in 465c 20 in Appendix 3.

(20) This is Side in Pamphylia, for which see Couilloud 1974, 163, n. 319.

(21) The ethnic in 511 is restored as Sik[yon] by Tréheux 1992, 56, s.v. Κ‎[λεαγό‎]ρας Ἐπινόμου Σικ‎[υώνιος‎]?, but Sik[inos] by Reger 1994a 73, n. 42. Marek 1984, 73, does not include 511 in either Sikinos nor Sikyon.

(22) See note above, discussion under Sikyon.

(23) See discussion in Brun 2005, and 2009 (on Siphnian names).

(24) The ethnic here is Smyrnaios. See Couilloud 1974, 122 no. 155 for the attestation of Zmyrnaios as an ethnic of Smyrna in the inscriptions of Delos.

(25) See Couilloud 1974, 198 no. 445 for a list of Syracusans in the early second century. On Syracusans (and Sicilians) on Delos see also Etienne 2011, 20 with n. 39.

(26) For honours of Tenians see also Etienne 1990, 180–2.