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Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe$
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Ivana Markova

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780197263136

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.001.0001

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Trust in Building Multicultural Democratic Societies: Estonia, Moldova, and Kazakhstan

Trust in Building Multicultural Democratic Societies: Estonia, Moldova, and Kazakhstan

Chapter:
(p.109) 6 Trust in Building Multicultural Democratic Societies: Estonia, Moldova, and Kazakhstan
Source:
Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe
Author(s):

Wanda Dressler

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.003.0006

After the implosion of the Soviet Union, democratization processes in all the post-Soviet republics took their specific paths. This chapter highlights the particular characteristics of these processes, focusing on three examples: Estonia, Moldova, and Kazakhstan. It demonstrates that the concept of trust has different meanings in the democratization processes in each of these republics, whether it refers to trust in political institutions, in inter-ethnic relations, or in interpersonal relations. All these meanings and kinds of trust have contributed to the stabilization of political systems in the post-Soviet republics and to coping successfully with the hard path of democratic transition. This chapter explores how to establish democratic systems and institutional trust in the post-Soviet republics and peacefully manage the demographic and cultural heterogeneity in building a democratic nation. Consequently, this involves the respect of minority rights that conform to the standards of the Helsinki agreements.

Keywords:   Estonia, Moldova, Kazakhstan, democratization, post-Soviet republics, trust, minority rights, political systems, cultural heterogeneity

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