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In Defence of LearningThe Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s$
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Shula Marks, Paul Weindling, and Laura Wintour

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780197264812

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.001.0001

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‘Dedicated to Represent the True Spirit of the German Nation in the World’: Philipp Schwartz (1894–1977), Founder of the Notgemeinschaft

‘Dedicated to Represent the True Spirit of the German Nation in the World’: Philipp Schwartz (1894–1977), Founder of the Notgemeinschaft

Chapter:
(p.126) (p.127) 8 ‘Dedicated to Represent the True Spirit of the German Nation in the World’: Philipp Schwartz (1894–1977), Founder of the Notgemeinschaft
Source:
In Defence of Learning
Author(s):

Gerald Kreft

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.003.0009

This chapter focuses on the importance of Philipp Schwartz's role in the establishment of the Notgemeinschaft outside Germany, his remarkable success in placing thirty refugee scholars in the new University of Istanbul within a few months in 1933 (and, over the next twenty years, in recruiting some 250 ‘first-rate scientists (émigrés) for the Turkish Government’), and the close ties established with the Society for the Protection of Science and Learning (SPSL) by his successor, Dr Fritz Demuth. Between 1936 and 1946, the Notgemeinschaft actually shared the SPSL's accommodation, and provided an invaluable database of refugee academics to the Society and to the American Emergency Committee. In 1937 Demuth was recognized as advisor to, and honorary member of, the SPSL Executive Committee.

Keywords:   refugee scholars, University of Istanbul, SPSL, Fritz Demuth, Philipp Schwartz, Society for the Protection of Science and Learning, Notgemeinschaft

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