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Challenging the ModernConservative Revolution in German Music, 1918-1933$
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Nicholas Attfield

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780197266137

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197266137.001.0001

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‘Innerer Betrachtung gewidmet’: Alfred Heuss, the Zeitschrift für Musik, and the music journal as community

‘Innerer Betrachtung gewidmet’: Alfred Heuss, the Zeitschrift für Musik, and the music journal as community

Chapter:
(p.70) 3 ‘Innerer Betrachtung gewidmet’: Alfred Heuss, the Zeitschrift für Musik, and the music journal as community
Source:
Challenging the Modern
Author(s):

Nicholas Attfield

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197266137.003.0004

As editor of Schumann’s Neue Zeitschrift für Musik during the 1920s, and thus one of Germany’s most eminent music critics, Alfred Heuss denigrated the sexualized, ‘soulless’, and decadent aspects of new German music—including that of Hans Pfitzner, Richard Strauss, and Paul Hindemith. He attacked composers and critics alike, with overtly anti-Semitic rejections of Schreker, Bekker, and Adolf Aber, who, he claimed, normalized these kinds of ‘un-German’ musical activities. As this chapter details, Heuss’s project was to wield his own music-critical Vermengungspolitik (‘politics of mass influence’), using his journal to oppose the decadence of the contemporary musical environment and advocating pre-nineteenth-century principles of order and propriety. Published over two years, a new regular column, ‘Dedicated to Inner Reflection’, encouraged readers to engage with works of Heuss’s Leipzig teacher, Hermann Kretzschmar, emphasizing an ‘inner’ musical essence tied to the gestural language of the eighteenth century, and a moral (profoundly ‘German’) rectitude.

Keywords:   Alfred Heuss, Paul Hindemith, Paul Bekker, Adolf Aber, Neue Zeitschrift, Leipzig, Hermann Kretzschmar, musical morality, inner reflection

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