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Fifty Years of ProsopographyThe Later Roman Empire, Byzantium and Beyond$
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Averil Cameron

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780197262924

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197262924.001.0001

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Orthodoxy and Heresy in the Seventh Century: Prosopographical Observations on Monotheletism

Orthodoxy and Heresy in the Seventh Century: Prosopographical Observations on Monotheletism

Chapter:
(p.103) 8 Orthodoxy and Heresy in the Seventh Century: Prosopographical Observations on Monotheletism
Source:
Fifty Years of Prosopography
Author(s):

Wolfram Brandes

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197262924.003.0008

In traditional ecclesiastical history, heresy was understood as dissent from the beliefs of the majority on the part of a minority which was organized as a church and had developed a defined system of doctrinal tenets. Today, heresy is seen as the result of a process of marginalization or in terms of the historical failure of a particular religious movement or teaching, Movements or creeds that were later termed heretical could hold sway over long periods of time, and thus themselves set the standards of orthodoxy for their period. The discussion suggests that the so-called disputes over Monenergism and Monotheletism were primarily conducted in writing, and are above all to be seen in the context of the rivalry between Rome, with its claim to primacy, and Constantinople. Only in a very restricted sense could one attribute a real political or social importance to the phenomenon.

Keywords:   Heresy, Byzantine, Constantinople, Rome, historical reality

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