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Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe$
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Ivana Markova

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780197263136

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM BRITISH ACADEMY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.britishacademy.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright British Academy, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in BASO for personal use.date: 08 December 2021

Trust as a Psychosocial Feeling: Socialization and Totalitarianism

Trust as a Psychosocial Feeling: Socialization and Totalitarianism

(p.24) (p.25) 2 Trust as a Psychosocial Feeling: Socialization and Totalitarianism
Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe

Patrick Waiter

Ivana Marková

British Academy

Georg Simmel, who is well known for his study of the emerging social conditions of sociality and its forms, developed the analysis of psychosocial feelings and emotional categories in order to grasp the phenomenology of socialization. His ideas on trust, more than those of any other scholar, are pertinent to the study and understanding of trust/fear in totalitarian and post-Communist societies. More specifically, Simmel's concept of trust is based on the self/other dialogical interdependence and psychosocial feelings; multifaceted meanings of trust/distrust in their cultural, historical, and political historical conditions; secrets as reciprocal relations and secret societies; and inductive knowledge gained through different forms of socialization. Totalitarian and semi-totalitarian political regimes thrive on distrust and promote a socialization that displays itself in psychosocial feelings of fear and suspicion. This chapter discusses social relations rather than economic relations, trust and language, socialization of distrust, socialization and totalitarianism, and secrecy in the Soviet bloc.

Keywords:   Georg Simmel, Soviet bloc, trust, distrust, psychosocial feelings, socialization, secrecy, language, social relations, totalitarianism

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