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Understanding Social Change$
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Anthony F. Heath, John Ermisch, and Duncan Gallie

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780197263143

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197263143.001.0001

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Gender and Pay: Some More Equal than Others

Gender and Pay: Some More Equal than Others

(p.150) (p.151) 7. Gender and Pay: Some More Equal than Others
Understanding Social Change

Heather Joshi

British Academy

This chapter focuses on gender differentials in pay. While pay differentials are only one facet of the economic differences between men and women, they are significant and symbolic of the changing gender order during the twentieth century. The chapter examines the gender premium for workers of different levels of education lifecycle, and speculates about the prospects for persistent pay gaps. It begins by discussing the economic, demographic and legislative background in Britain, and this is followed by evidence on the changing relative wages of men and women. It then considers evidence on the sources of differential earning power and examines evidence on reasons why given attributes might be remunerated. Finally, it discusses the factors influencing pay gaps over time and over the lifecycle.

Keywords:   gender differentials, pay differentials, pay gaps, wages, differential earning

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