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Mediterranean Urbanization 800-600 BC$
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Robin Osborne and Barry Cunliffe

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780197263259

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197263259.001.0001

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The Early Iron Age Urban Forms of Cyprus

The Early Iron Age Urban Forms of Cyprus

(p.17) 2 The Early Iron Age Urban Forms of Cyprus
Mediterranean Urbanization 800-600 BC

Maria Iacovou

British Academy

This chapter examines the local conditions, traditions, and forms of urban settlement in Cyprus during the Iron Age. It explains that almost to the very end of the Middle Bronze Age, Cyprus had remained a closed rural society, though it was by then completely surrounded by Mediterranean urban states and it was only by 1100 BC that new social and economic structures started to dictate the establishment and development of new population and power centers. The archaeological evidence of 800–600 BC stands testimony to the culmination of a long process of social evolution and urbanization.

Keywords:   urban settlement, Cyprus, Iron Age, rural society, urban states, Mediterranean, social evolution, urbanization

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