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The Organisation of Knowledge in Victorian Britain$
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Martin Daunton

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780197263266

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197263266.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM BRITISH ACADEMY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.britishacademy.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright British Academy, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in BASO for personal use.date: 18 June 2021

Measuring the World: Exploration, Empire and the Reform of the Royal Geographical Society, c. 1874–93

Measuring the World: Exploration, Empire and the Reform of the Royal Geographical Society, c. 1874–93

Chapter:
(p.313) Chapter Fourteen: Measuring the World: Exploration, Empire and the Reform of the Royal Geographical Society, c. 1874–93
Source:
The Organisation of Knowledge in Victorian Britain
Author(s):

Max Jones

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197263266.003.0014

This chapter discusses the relationship between geography, exploration and empire. It focuses on the Royal Geographical Society (RGS) and how it influenced the organisation of knowledge in Victorian Britain. It describes the transformation of the RGS, resulting from four forces in which new imperialism acted as catalyst rather than a cause: firstly, the scientific revolution unleashed by the publication of Darwin’s Origin of Species in 1859; secondly, the global rise of ideas of bureaucratic government and expertise; thirdly, the expansion of the British education system; and finally, the challenge posed by the inexorable extension of the map of the world.

Keywords:   geography, exploration, empire, Royal Geographic Society, knowledge, imperialism, scientific revolution, Origin of Species, bureaucratic government, British education system

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