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Anglo-Scottish Relations from 1603 to 1900$
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T C Smout

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780197263303

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197263303.001.0001

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Taking Stock: Scotland at the End of the Seventeenth Century

Taking Stock: Scotland at the End of the Seventeenth Century

(p.102) (p.103) 6 Taking Stock: Scotland at the End of the Seventeenth Century
Anglo-Scottish Relations from 1603 to 1900

Christopher A. Whatley

British Academy

This chapter provides a summary of the straits in which Scotland found itself in the opening years of the eighteenth century. It also presents the strengths and weaknesses of Scotland's economic position around the beginning of the reign of Queen Anne. It concludes by drawing some connections between economic conditions and the incorporating union. It is intended to argue that by the end of the century the achievements of the previous eight or nine decades in Scotland were being undermined by the country's losing struggle to maintain its position as a credible political entity. The consequences of the deeply troubled circumstances in which the Scots found themselves at the start of the reign of Queen Anne were profound. The Scots had to surrender their parliamentary independence, but not all that they valued as distinctively Scottish institutions and culture, and accede to the British incorporating union.

Keywords:   Queen Anne, parliamentary independence, Scottish institutions, economic conditions, Scottish culture, British incorporating union

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