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After Alexander: Central Asia before Islam$
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Joe Cribb and Georgina Herrmann

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780197263846

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197263846.001.0001

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Bactria, Land of a Thousand Cities

Bactria, Land of a Thousand Cities

(p.120) (p.121) 5 Bactria, Land of a Thousand Cities
After Alexander: Central Asia before Islam


British Academy

This chapter examines the history of the establishment of cities in Bactria. It explains that the creation of cities in Bactria is represented by Ai Khanum for the Hellenistic period and Termez for the Great Kushans. These two exceptional cities were deliberately created to integrate an ancient centre and they assumed the role of capital for a new age. The chapter suggests that their establishment was significantly influenced by political power and that they negatively affected other towns.

Keywords:   cities, Bactria, Ai Khanum, Termez, political power, towns, Hellenistic period, Great Kushans

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