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Regime Change in the Ancient Near East and EgyptFrom Sargon of Agade to Saddam Hussein$
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Harriet Crawford

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780197263907

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197263907.001.0001

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New Rule over Old Structures: Egypt after the Muslim Conquest

New Rule over Old Structures: Egypt after the Muslim Conquest

(p.182) (p.183) 11 New Rule over Old Structures: Egypt after the Muslim Conquest
Regime Change in the Ancient Near East and Egypt

Petra M. Sijpesteijn

British Academy

This chapter examines the administrative changes in Egypt after the Muslim conquest. It explains that the conquest of Egypt by the Arab armies in 642 CE brought a new religious, linguistic, and administrative rule to this rich and important Byzantine province. However, this transformation was gradual and the arrival of the Arabs had little impact on the daily lives of the Egyptians. The Arab conquest did not result in mass confiscations of land in Egypt and there was no programme of land rewards for the conquering elite. This chapter suggests that both administrative continuity and change were part of the Muslim plan for Egypt after the conquest but it was not a formal plan but rather a pragmatic response to the challenges the conquerors encountered.

Keywords:   Egypt, Muslim conquest, administrative changes, Byzantine province, land rewards, administrative continuity

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