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Czechoslovakia in a Nationalist and Fascist Europe, 1918–1948$
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Mark Cornwall and R J W Evans

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780197263914

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197263914.001.0001

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The German Advisers in Slovakia, 1939–1945: Conflict or Co-operation?

The German Advisers in Slovakia, 1939–1945: Conflict or Co-operation?

(p.168) (p.169) 10 The German Advisers in Slovakia, 1939–1945: Conflict or Co-operation?
Czechoslovakia in a Nationalist and Fascist Europe, 1918–1948

Tatjana Tönsmeyer

British Academy

Just days after the Slovak state was created, it signed with Nazi Germany a ‘treaty of protection’ and a protocol on co-operation in financial and economic matters. As a result of these measures, Slovakia would be labelled a German vassal state and the government a puppet regime. This chapter examines the nature of the wartime Slovak state and reconsiders the concept of a puppet regime and a native version of fascism (so-called ‘clerical fascism’). It examines the ways in which Germany tried to influence the Slovak government, who the German protagonists were, and how and according to what guidelines Slovak politicians reacted to these manoeuvres. It first outlines how Slovak nationalists demanded autonomy during the later years of the First Czechoslovak Republic, and then assesses the Slovak-German relations from March 1939 to the summer of 1940. By this time, the German minister of foreign affairs, Joachim von Ribbentrop, had labelled the Slovak case an example of ‘revolutionary foreign politics’.

Keywords:   Slovakia, Nazi Germany, politics, autonomy, Joachim von Ribbentrop, nationalists, clerical fascism, First Czechoslovak Republic

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