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Czechoslovakia in a Nationalist and Fascist Europe, 1918–1948$
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Mark Cornwall and R J W Evans

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780197263914

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197263914.001.0001

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The Czechs versus the Slovaks: Bilateral Relations, 1944–1948

The Czechs versus the Slovaks: Bilateral Relations, 1944–1948

(p.206) (p.207) 12 The Czechs versus the Slovaks: Bilateral Relations, 1944–1948
Czechoslovakia in a Nationalist and Fascist Europe, 1918–1948

Jiří Kocian

British Academy

After the new Czechoslovak Republic emerged in 1918, the relations between Czechoslovakia and Slovakia immediately became one of the crucial domestic problems it had to cope with. The success of the new Republic largely depended on whether the issue of bilateral relations would become a stabilizing factor or not. Czech politicians, however, followed the pre-war Czechoslovakian concepts even after the war. By the end of World War II, problems about the reunification of Bohemia and Moravia with Slovakia reemerged, as the issue of the legal settlement of relations between the Czechs and the Slovaks was raised. There was a continuation of centralism immediately after 1948, justified ideologically by the ‘necessity to struggle against bourgeois nationalism’. Nationally oriented Communists, such as Gustáv Husák, Vladimir Clementis, or Ladislav Novomeský, were accused of plotting to separate Slovakia from the Republic.

Keywords:   Czechoslovak Republic, bilateral relations, Czechoslovakia, Slovakia, Bohemia, Moravia, nationalism, Communists

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