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Czechoslovakia in a Nationalist and Fascist Europe, 1918–1948$
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Mark Cornwall and R J W Evans

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780197263914

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197263914.001.0001

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Hungarians, Czechs, and Slovaks: Some Mutual Perceptions, 1900–1950

Hungarians, Czechs, and Slovaks: Some Mutual Perceptions, 1900–1950

(p.109) 7 Hungarians, Czechs, and Slovaks: Some Mutual Perceptions, 1900–1950
Czechoslovakia in a Nationalist and Fascist Europe, 1918–1948

R. J. W. Evans

British Academy

This chapter examines the ways in which Czechs and Slovaks interacted between 1900 and 1950 with Hungarians, both with the Magyars incorporated against their will inside the new state and with those in the reconstituted kingless kingdom of Hungary. The main themes are how perceptions were created and perpetuated, and how these related to the changing reality of ethnic relations. In this three-sided pattern of connections, the Slovaks long remained comparatively subordinate, reckoned ‘neutral’ — or innocent — by both the other parties. Even the status of the Magyar minority within Czechoslovakia, largely unreconciled to the new dispensation, apart from certain exceptions such as the young Sarló movement, only furnished a pretext for the more squarely antagonistic contest between Czechs and Hungarians which rested on, and consciously invoked, historical and contemporary prejudices.

Keywords:   Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, Magyars, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Sarló, ethnic relations

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