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Understanding the History of Ancient Israel$
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H. G. M. Williamson

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780197264010

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197264010.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM BRITISH ACADEMY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.britishacademy.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright British Academy, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in BASO for personal use.date: 30 March 2020

Archaeology of the Biblical Period: On Some Questions of Methodology and Chronology of the Iron Age

Archaeology of the Biblical Period: On Some Questions of Methodology and Chronology of the Iron Age

Chapter:
(p.130) (p.131) 9 Archaeology of the Biblical Period: On Some Questions of Methodology and Chronology of the Iron Age
Source:
Understanding the History of Ancient Israel
Author(s):

DAVID USSISHKIN

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197264010.003.0009

This chapter discusses the role of archaeology in the study of the biblical period and biblical history, with special reference to the ninth century – that is, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age, in the land of Israel. This discipline is known as biblical archaeology. When biblical archaeological research began more than 150 years ago, it was dependent on the Bible and biblical research. The dependence of archaeology on the biblical text is symbolized by the phrase ‘bible and spade’. The chapter argues that the disciplines of archaeology on the one hand and history and biblical studies on the other are based on different methods and different ways of thinking, and also claims that the archaeologist should refrain from analysing the Bible and history. Furthermore, it contends that the proper methodology should involve some cooperation between archaeologists, biblical scholars, and historians. The chapter also takes a look at the archaeological framework of the Iron Age, which is made of stratigraphy and chronology.

Keywords:   Iron Age, biblical archaeology, biblical period, biblical history, Bible, Israel, biblical studies, methodology, stratigraphy, chronology

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