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The Transition to Late Antiquity, on the Danube and Beyond$
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Andrew Poulter

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780197264027

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197264027.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM BRITISH ACADEMY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.britishacademy.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright British Academy, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in BASO for personal use.date: 19 October 2019

The Transition to Late Antiquity on the Lower Danube: the City, a Fort and the Countryside

The Transition to Late Antiquity on the Lower Danube: the City, a Fort and the Countryside

Chapter:
(p.51) 2 The Transition to Late Antiquity on the Lower Danube: the City, a Fort and the Countryside
Source:
The Transition to Late Antiquity, on the Danube and Beyond
Author(s):

A. G. POULTER

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197264027.003.0002

After excavations carried out on the site of Nicopolis ad Istrum in Bulgaria, the results were used to reconstruct the city's physical and economic character from its foundation under Trajan down to the end of the sixth century. The incentive for the subsequent programme, ‘The Transition to Late Antiquity’, was the discovery that the city was replaced by a very different Nicopolis, both in layout and economy, during the fifth century. A site-specific survey method was developed to explore the countryside. The survey discovered that the Roman villa economy collapsed late in the fourth century. The excavations on the site of the late Roman fort at Dichin provided an unexpected but invaluable insight into the regional economy and military situation on the lower Danube in the fifth and sixth centuries. The results of both these two research projects are summarized and an explanation proposed as to how and why there was such a radical break between the Roman Empire and its early Byzantine successor on the lower Danube.

Keywords:   Nicopolis ad Istrum, Bulgaria, excavations, countryside, fort, Dichin, lower Danube, Roman Empire, Late Antiquity, city

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