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Marxist History-writing for the Twenty-first Century$
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Chris Wickham

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780197264034

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197264034.001.0001

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Marxist Historiography Today

Marxist Historiography Today

Chapter:
(p.180) 8. Marxist Historiography Today
Source:
Marxist History-writing for the Twenty-first Century
Author(s):

Eric Hobsbawm

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197264034.003.0008

This chapter discusses Marxist historiography in the present times. In the interpretation of the world nowadays, there has been a rise in the so-called anti-Rankean reaction in history, of which Marxism is an important but not always fully acknowledged element. This movement challenged the positivist belief that the objective structure of reality was self-explanatory, and that all that was needed was to apply the methodology of science to it and explain why things happened the way they did. This movement also brought together history with the social sciences, therefore turning it into part of a generalizing discipline capable of explaining transformations of human society in the course of its past. This new perspective on the past is a return to ‘total history’, in which the focus is not merely on the ‘history of everything’ but history as an indivisible web wherein all human activities are interconnected.

Keywords:   Marxist historiography, anti-Rankean reaction, history, Marxism, social sciences, total history

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