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Classical Olbia and the Scythian WorldFrom the Sixth Century BC to the Second Century AD$
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David Braund and S D Kryzhitskiy

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780197264041

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197264041.001.0001

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Trakhtemirov: A Fortified City site on the Dnieper

Trakhtemirov: A Fortified City site on the Dnieper

(p.103) Trakhtemirov: A Fortified City site on the Dnieper
Classical Olbia and the Scythian World



British Academy

This chapter focuses on Trakhtemirov, one of the most important ancient settlements of the Early Iron Age in the Ukraine. During the ancient period, the trade routes and caravans met at Trakhtemirov which was situated over the three crossing points of the Dneiper. Its location on the steep heights assured residents of Trakhtemirov security of settlement. On three sides it was protected by the course of the Dnieper while on the other side it was defended by the plateau of the pre-Dneiper elevation. The ancient Trakhtemirov city is located around 100 km below Kiev, on a peninsula which is jutted into the river from the west. Trakhtemirov in the Early Iron Age was important as it was the site of the Cossack capital of Ukraine. It was also the site of the most prestigious artefacts of the Scythian period and a site for various items of jewellery, tools and weaponry. The abundance of artefacts in Trakhtemirov suggests that the city is a central place among the scattered sites of the middle course of the Dneiper.

Keywords:   Trakhtemirov, ancient settlements, Early Iron Age, Ukraine, trade routes, caravans, Dneiper, Cossack capital, Scythian period

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