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Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe$
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Alasdair Whittle and Vicki Cummings

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780197264140

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.001.0001

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Beyond the models: ‘Neolithisation’ in Central Europe

Beyond the models: ‘Neolithisation’ in Central Europe

(p.72) (p.73) Beyond the models: ‘Neolithisation’ in Central Europe
Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Detlef Gronenborn

British Academy

This chapter discusses the Neolithization process in Central Europe. The process began during the latter half of the seventh millennium cal bc, then experienced a major shift with the expansion of the Linear Pottery Culture (LBK), and ended in the mid-fifth millennium cal bc. During these two thousand years a multi-faceted combination of migrations, adaptations, and acculturations, together with socio-political cycling, led to the fundamental transformation of Central European societies from segmented tribes to emergent complex chiefdoms. The trajectories were triggered by external parameters like climatic fluctuations, and internal factors such as human agency.

Keywords:   Neolithization, Central Europe, farming, Linear Pottery Culture, tribes, chiefdoms

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