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Giuseppe Mazzini and the Globalization of Democratic Nationalism, 1830-1920$
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C. A. Bayly and E. F. Biagini

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780197264317

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197264317.001.0001

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Carlo Cattaneo and the Swiss Idea of Liberty

Carlo Cattaneo and the Swiss Idea of Liberty

Chapter:
(p.210) (p.211) 11 Carlo Cattaneo and the Swiss Idea of Liberty
Source:
Giuseppe Mazzini and the Globalization of Democratic Nationalism, 1830-1920
Author(s):

Jonathan Steinberg

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197264317.003.0012

Carlo Cattaneo (1801–69), who belonged to Mazzini's generation, took an active part in the Risorgimento, wrote important works in many fields, and became a leader of the national rising in his native Milan in 1848. Like Mazzini he had to flee, and settled in Lugano in Italian Switzerland. Unlike Mazzini, Cattaneo preferred to see a federal, not a unitary Italy. A principled republican, no less pure in his belief in democracy than Mazzini, he thought a federal and decentralized structure more appropriate for Italy, and opposed Mazzini's vision of a centralized democracy of individual citizens. Though Cattaneo lived the rest of his life in Switzerland and in 1858 was granted honorary Swiss nationality, this chapter argues that he never accepted the Swiss concept of liberty, Gemeindefreiheit (communal liberty). This communal democracy frustrated his reform schemes and exasperated him personally.

Keywords:   Risorgimento, republicans, communal democracy, Switzerland

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