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Giuseppe Mazzini and the Globalization of Democratic Nationalism, 1830-1920$
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C. A. Bayly and E. F. Biagini

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780197264317

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197264317.001.0001

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Mazzini and Spain, 1820–72

Mazzini and Spain, 1820–72

(p.236) (p.237) 12 Mazzini and Spain, 1820–72
Giuseppe Mazzini and the Globalization of Democratic Nationalism, 1830-1920

Guy Thomson

British Academy

This chapter examines the Italian factor in Spanish politics between the ‘liberal triennium’ (1820–3), when Mazzini first showed an interest in Spain, and his death in 1872. The first part looks at the lessons Mazzini drew from Spain's liberal and patriotic struggles in developing his ideas about insurrection and popular warfare, and assesses the impact on Spain of the influx of Italian Carbonari refugees from the failed revolutions in Naples and Piedmont in 1820–1. The second part considers the influence of Mazzini on Spanish social and political thought during the 1830s and 1840s. The third part explores the impact of Mazzini's ‘action’ strategy, ideas of democratic internationalism, and news of the unfolding Risorgimento on the ideology and practice of the Spanish Democrat party, from its foundation in 1849 until ‘La Gloriosa’ of September 1868, the revolution that brought down the Bourbon monarchy. An epilogue charts the responses of Mazzini and Garibaldi to the constitutional experiments and political rollercoaster of Spain's ‘revolutionary sexennium’ (1868–74).

Keywords:   Spanish politics, liberal triennium, Italian Carbonari refugees, democratic internationalism, Risorgimento, La Gloriosa

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