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Anglo-Saxon/Irish Relations before the Vikings$

James Graham-Campbell and Michael Ryan

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780197264508

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197264508.001.0001

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(p.viii) (p.ix) Illustrations

(p.viii) (p.ix) Illustrations

Anglo-Saxon/Irish Relations before the Vikings
British Academy

  1. 7.1 Places mentioned in the text: Britain and the Isle of Man 134

  2. 7.2 Places mentioned in the text: Ireland 135

  3. 8.1 Style II quadrupeds on the Sutton Hoo gold buckle and from the Book of Durrow 151

  4. 8.2 The so-called ‘Warnebertus’ reliquary in the abbey treasury of Beromünster, Switzerland 157

  5. 8.3 The Utrecht reliquary, Netherlands 158

  6. 8.4 Decorated stone from St Peter’s church, Metz 159

  7. 8.5 Cloisonné panels with representations of the three genera of animals: (a) on the older Lindau book-cover and (b) on the Enger burse-reliquary 160

  8. 8.6 Crucifixion scene on the Essen-Werden portable altar 161

  9. 8.7 Cross surrounded with Style II animal interlace on the front of the reliquary in Beromünster 162

  10. 8.8 Style II animals around clypeus: (a) ornament on the Basel reliquary fragment and (b) the ornament on the front and back of the Utrecht strap-end 163

  11. 8.9 The Limons gold disc, with garnet settings 164

  12. 8.10 Christ with ‘Rex’ inscription in the cross nimbus: (a) on the Essen-Werden portable altar and (b) on the Genoels-Elderen book-cover 165

  13. 8.11 Human head with flanking animal heads: (a) Criel-sur-Mer; (b) Fétigny; (c) Åker; (d) Morken; (e) Göppingen; (f) ‘Zealand’ and Vårby; (g) Valsgärde; and (h) Pieve del Cairo 166

  14. 8.12 Gold-leaf crosses: (a) Flero; (b) Cividale; and (c) Beinasco 167

  15. 8.13 Gold-leaf crosses: (a) Wurmlingen and (b) Milan; with (c) the central intersection on the older Lindau book-cover 168

  16. 8.14 Eagle and cross: (a) Erment stele, Luxor; (b) decorative page ‘Quaestiones in Heptateuchon’; and (c) Giengen a.d. Brenz gold-leaf cross 171

  17. 8.15 (a) Wild boar destroying vine; (b) boar amongst ‘bestiae silvae’, contrasted with the ‘bestiae agri’; and (c) boar hunt (‘sow hunt’) on a late Roman glass dish from Cologne 172

  18. 8.16 (a) Silver phalera(?) from ‘Italy’; (b) two so-called ‘boar bracteates’; (c) small gold-foil boar figures from Bornholm; and (d) a boar helmet depicted on a fragmentary metal helmet from Valsgärde grave 7 174

  19. (p.x) 8.17 Late Roman heads of gods with flanking animals: (a) Hontheim buckle and (b) Mahndorf strap-end 177

  20. 8.18 Gold-leaf crosses from Brescia and Loreto 178

  21. 8.19 Chancel slab and capital from the church of San Clemente, Rome, c.530 180

  22. 8.20 Entrance slab to the portico of St Peter’s church, Monkwearmouth 182

  23. 8.21 Lead knot amulet from Hedeby 182

  24. 8.22 Reliquaries with animal interlace or interlace knots: (a) San Apollinare, Trento; (b) St Bonnet d’Avalouze; and (c) Enger 184

  25. 8.23 Reliquaries with animal interlace or interlace knots: (a) Chur and (b) Moutathal 185

  26. 8.24 Book of Durrow, folio 192v 186

  27. 8.25 Reconstruction of the choir-screen in St Peter’s church, Metz 187

  28. 8.26 (a–c) Strap-end reliquaries with Style II animals, from Walda, Cividale and Brescia, and (d–e) strap-ends with Christian inscriptions and Style II animals from Ebenhofen and Donzdorf 188

  29. 8.27 Sutton Hoo gold reliquary-buckle 189

  30. 8.28 Capsule reliquary with Style II animals, from Arlon 189

  31. 8.29 (a) Hornhausen choir-screen slab, with rider and (b) a reconstruction of the Hornhausen choir-screen area 190

  32. 8.30 Distribution in Francia of cast belt-fittings and belt-buckles with Style II decoration 192

  33. 8.31 (a) Animals in the ‘tree of life’ on the Trosino saddle-mounts; with (b) the distribution of the ‘Mindelheim Master’ type of belt-fittings 194

  34. 8.32 (a) Avar strap-end from Keszthely-Fenékpuszta, Hungary, and (b) an Avar belt-buckle from Hajdudórog, Hungary; with (c) the distribution of the Keszthely-Fenékpuszta type of sheet strap-end 195

  35. 8.33 (a) Langobard belt-fittings from Niederstotzingen, grave 6 (Civezzano type); with (b) the distribution of Langobard belt-fittings of the Civezzano type, to the north of the Alps 197

  36. 8.34 Distribution of gold-leaf crosses and strap-end reliquaries, to both the north and south of the Alps 198

  37. 8.35 Salin’s Style II in Scandinavia: (a) bridle-mounts from Vendel burials and (b) the Vendel Style C motif, ‘large animal with snake’, from Denmark; with (c) the ‘fight of deer-with-snake’ motif from a Byzantine belt-buckle 201

  38. (p.xi) 9.1 The great bronze hanging-bowl from Mound 1, Sutton Hoo, Suffolk 206

  39. 9.2 General pattern of the distribution in Britain and Ireland of documented finds of hanging-bowls dating before 700 207

  40. 9.3 (a) Craig Phadrig, Inverness, incomplete clay mould for a hooked mount, with related bronze mounts from (b) Castle Tioram, Moidart, (c) Eastwell, Leicestershire, and (d) unprovenanced 210

  41. 9.4 Bowl with four decorated suspension mounts of Craig Phadrig type from Baginton, Warwickshire 211

  42. 9.5 Hanging-bowl mounts from Ireland from (a) the River Bann near Coleraine, Co. Derry and (b) Dundrum Castle, Co. Down 212

  43. 9.6 The Pictish connection: distribution of mounts related to the form made at Craig Phadrig, Inverness 213

  44. 9.7 Christian ornament on two bowls found at Faversham, Kent 216

  45. 9.8 Shared motifs on (a) an Irish latchet and (b) a hanging-bowl mount from Brill, Berkshire 219

  46. 9.9 Hatched detail shared by (a) the hoop of a brooch from Ballinderry, Co. Offaly and (b) the inner frame on the largest Sutton Hoo bowl 220

  47. 9.10 Ninth-century Irish hanging-bowl from the River Blackwater, Co. Antrim 222

  48. 9.11 Hanging-bowl from a burial at Lullingstone, Kent 227

  49. 10.1 Mount from Lagore crannog, Co. Meath 236

  50. 10.2 Fragmentary mount from Knowth (Site M), Co. Meath 237

  51. 10.3 (a) Brooch-pin from Lagore crannog, Co. Meath; (b) disc-headed pin possibly from Ballinderry crannog No. 2, Co. Offaly; and (c) penannular brooch from Lough Mourne, Co. Antrim 239

  52. 10.4 Bird-headed brooches: (a and b) moulds from Dunadd, Scotland; and brooches from (c) Sewerby, Yorkshire; (d) Clogh, Co. Antrim; (e) Ireland (Co. Westmeath?); (f) Lagore crannog, Co. Meath; (g) Moynagh Lough, Co. Meath; and (h) Lough Ravel crannog, Co. Antrim 241

  53. 10.5 Bird-headed brooch from Parknahown 5, Co. Laois 242

  54. 10.6 Unlocalised bird-headed brooch from Ireland 243

  55. 10.7 Head of brooch or brooch-pin from Isertkelly, Co. Galway 245

  56. 10.8 Type H penannular brooches from Lagore crannog, Co. Meath 248

  57. 10.9 Head of brooch from Lagore crannog, Co. Meath 249

  58. 11.1 Finds of Germanic glass in Atlantic Britain 256

  59. (p.xii) 11.2 Anglo-Saxon material in south-east Scotland 258

  60. 11.3 Silver and garnet pin from Kilellan, Islay 261

  61. 12.1 Distribution of sand-dune sites producing early medieval material 270

  62. 13.1 British metalwork from Wales 285

  63. 13.2 Distribution of British metalwork in early medieval Wales 286

  64. 13.3 Distribution of Fowler’s Type G penannular brooches in Britain 287

  65. 13.4 Enamelled metalwork from Wales and the Marches 289

  66. 13.5 Irish-style and British metalwork from Wales 291

  67. 13.6 Germanic metalwork from Wales 292

  68. 13.7 Distribution of saucer brooches 294

  69. 13.8 Later British metalwork from Wales and reconstructed outline of cross from St Arvans, Monmouthshire 298

  70. 13.9 Find-spots of later metalwork 300

  71. 13.10 Irish-style metalwork from Wales 301

  72. 13.11 Metalwork from Llanbedrgoch, Anglesey 303

  73. 13.12 Metalwork from Llan-gors crannog, Breconshire 306

  74. 14.1 Inscription on the stone from Port-y-Vullen, Maughold 313

  75. 14.2 Slab with linear crosses and hexafoil circle from Maughold 316

  76. 14.3 Stone from Maughold: detail of inscription and cross 318

  77. 14.4 Fragmentary slab from Ballavarkish, Bride 319

  78. 14.5 Cross-slab from Maughold 322

  79. 14.6 Slab from Balnahow, Port Soderick, Santon 324

  80. 14.7 Fragmentary slab from the Calf of Man 326

  81. 15.1 Ecclesiastical sites in peninsular Kerry 332

  82. 15.2 Plan of Reask, Co. Kerry 333

  83. 15.3 Ecclesiastical sites in the half-barony of Rathdown, Co. Dublin 334

  84. 15.4 Cemeteries of various sorts in the north Leinster area 336

  85. 15.5 Preliminary plan of Balriggan 1, Co. Louth 337

  86. 15.6 Preliminary plan of cemetery settlement at Ratoath, Co. Meath 338

  87. 15.7 The distribution of ‘monastic and minster sites’ in Cornwall 353

  88. 15.8 Plan of Loher, Co. Kerry 356

  89. 16.1 The Septuagint division of biblical books in the Codex Amiatinus (folio 6/VII) 376

  90. 16.2 The Pentateuch diagram in the Codex Amiatinus (folio VIIv) 378

  91. 16.3 The frontispiece in the Codex Amiatinus: the priestly scribe (folio 2v) 380

  92. 16.4 Diagram of the Tabernacle in the Codex Amiatinus (folios 4v–5/IIv–III) 383