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The Lombard League, 1167–1225 - British Academy Scholarship Online
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The Lombard League, 1167–1225

Gianluca Raccagni


The Lombard League was an association created by the city republics of northern Italy in the 12th century in order to defend their autonomy and that of the papacy in a struggle against the German Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. The League has enjoyed an iconic status, and in the nineteenth century was glorified as a precursor of the Italian struggle for independence in political and historical pamphlets as well as in paintings, novels, and even operas. The League played a crucial role in the evolution of Italy’s political landscape, but it did more than ensure its continued fragment ... More

Keywords: Lombard League, Frederick I Barbarossa, Italian independence, political place, regional identities, histories, troubadour poems, rhetorical treatises, juridical treatises, Peace of Constance

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2010 Print ISBN-13: 9780197264713
Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012 DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197264713.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Gianluca Raccagni, author
British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow, Faculty of History, University of Cambridge, and Teaching Fellow, School of History, Classics and Archaeology, University of Edinburgh