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Rabbinic Texts and the History of Late-Roman Palestine$
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Martin Goodman and Philip Alexander

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780197264744

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197264744.001.0001

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(p.235) 13 Targum
Rabbinic Texts and the History of Late-Roman Palestine


British Academy

This chapter examines the current state of investigation into targum. It explains that targum is the term used to describe the ancient Aramaic versions of books of the Hebrew Bible which incorporate, in varying degrees, explanations of the biblical text. It describes the available manuscripts and printed editions of the targum. The findings reveal that recent scholarly work on the Aramaic Targumim has shown itself less willing than earlier research to identify historical information preserved in the extant texts, and to make use of that information either to comment on the date and provenance of the Targumim, or to supplement our historical knowledge.

Keywords:   targum, Hebrew bible, biblical text, Aramaic Targumim, historical information

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