Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
In Defence of Learning – The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s - British Academy Scholarship Online
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

In Defence of Learning: The Plight, Persecution, and Placement of Academic Refugees, 1933-1980s

Shula Marks, Paul Weindling, and Laura Wintour


Established in the 1930s to rescue scientists and scholars from Nazi Europe, the Society for the Protection of Science and Learning (SPSL, founded in 1933 as the Academic Assistance Council and now known as the Council for Assisting Refugee Academics) has had an illustrious career. No fewer than eighteen of its early grantees became Nobel Laureates and 120 were elected Fellows of the British Academy and Royal Society in the UK. While a good deal has been written on the SPSL in the 1930s and 1940s, and especially on the achievements of the outstanding scientists rescued, much less attention has ... More

Keywords: Nazi Europe, SPSL, Academic Assistance Council, Nobel Laureates, British Academy, Royal Society, women academics, academic refugees, Communist Europe, apartheid South Africa, Society for the Protection of Science and Learning

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780197264812
Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2013 DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197264812.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Shula Marks, editor
Emeritus Professor, School of Oriental and African Studies London; Fellow of the British Academy

Paul Weindling, editor
Wellcome Trust Research Professor in the History of Medicine, Oxford Brookes University

Laura Wintour, editor
Zimbabwe Programme Manager, CARA

Show Summary Details

subscribe or login to access all content.




Shula Marks

Part I Founders and Firstcomers

5 Max Perutz and the SPSL

Georgina Ferry

Part 2 Tess—The Linchpin

7 Eva and Esther

Lewis Elton

Part 3 Associates and Allies

Part 4 Reversing the Gaze

15 Czech Scholars in Exile, 1948–1989

Antonín Kostlán, and Soňa Štrbáňová