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Archaeology and Language in the Andes$
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Paul Heggarty and David Beresford-Jones

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265031

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265031.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM BRITISH ACADEMY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.britishacademy.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright British Academy, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in BASO for personal use.date: 19 October 2019

The First Millennium ad in North-Central Peru: Critical Perspectives on a Linguistic Prehistory

The First Millennium ad in North-Central Peru: Critical Perspectives on a Linguistic Prehistory

Chapter:
(p.162) (p.163) 7 The First Millennium AD in North-Central Peru: Critical Perspectives on a Linguistic Prehistory
Source:
Archaeology and Language in the Andes
Author(s):

GEORGE F. LAU

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197265031.003.0007

This chapter reviews archaeological evidence for culture change during the first millennium ad in north-central Peru, and its implications for the spread of language(s). Important developments deriving from regional interaction typified the first centuries ad (north-west Ancash), the seventh century ad (Callejón de Huaylas), and the end of the Middle Horizon (across departments). If major language expansions can be pegged to transformations in material style, they should be sought in these periods and areas. Many different Amerindian languages are known from the region (Culle, Mochica, Quingnam, Quechua, Aymara), although most are now extinct. The cultural heterogeneity in north-central Peru during the Early Intermediate Period may indicate considerable time-depth for such linguistic diversity. The subsequent Middle Horizon marks a period of widespread interaction, though varying in nature and impact through time. This elicits issues for future research in the linguistic prehistory of the central Andes.

Keywords:   culture change, archaeological evidence, language expansion, Early Intermediate Period, Middle Horizon

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