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Imagining Jerusalem in the Medieval West$
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Lucy Donkin and Hanna Vorholt

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265048

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265048.001.0001

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Virtual Pilgrimages to Real Places: the Holy Landscapes

Virtual Pilgrimages to Real Places: the Holy Landscapes

(p.243) 9 Virtual Pilgrimages to Real Places: the Holy Landscapes
Imagining Jerusalem in the Medieval West

Bianca Kühnel

British Academy

This chapter attempts to differentiate between types of monumental representations of Jerusalem, to locate them historically and to explore the reasons for their extraordinary density by deciphering the essentials of their function as mnemonic devices in the framework of medieval devotionalism. Conditioned by historical events such as the Crusades, Franciscan canonization of the Stations of the Cross and the Counter-Reformation, representation of Jerusalem gradually expanded from copies of Christ's tomb in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre to commemorate the Stations of the Cross and other holy places in Jerusalem and the Holy Land. The holy landscapes are multimedia representations: they combine topography and architecture (neutral or reflecting the original) with life-size figural groups and wall painting to identify the holy places. Groups of such representations could form separate sites at a certain distance from settlements, or encompass a city with a network of reproduced loca sancta.

Keywords:   Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, Holy Land, Stations of Cross, Crusades, Counter-Reformation, devotionalism

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