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Racism and Ethnic Relations in the Portuguese-Speaking World$
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Francisco Bethencourt and Adrian Pearce

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265246

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265246.001.0001

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The ‘Civilisation Guild’: Race and Labour in the Third Portuguese Empire, c. 1870–1930

The ‘Civilisation Guild’: Race and Labour in the Third Portuguese Empire, c. 1870–1930

Chapter:
(p.172) (p.173) 9 The ‘Civilisation Guild’: Race and Labour in the Third Portuguese Empire, c. 1870–1930
Source:
Racism and Ethnic Relations in the Portuguese-Speaking World
Author(s):

MIGUEL BANDEIRA JERÓNIMO

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197265246.003.0010

This chapter examines the continuity and the resilience of slavery and other modes of forced or compulsory labour in the Portuguese colonial empire in Africa from the late nineteenth century. Addressing the major transformations of the political and moral economy of the ‘new Brazil’, it demonstrates how longstanding racial ideologies were crucial to the formulation of the country's doctrine of a civilising mission and to the development of the successive native policies that governed colonial populations – especially the native labour policy that legalised forced labour until the 1960s.

Keywords:   Portuguese colonial empire, civilising mission, racialisation, native policies, slavery, forced labour, colonial state

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