Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Racism and Ethnic Relations in the Portuguese-Speaking World$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Francisco Bethencourt and Adrian Pearce

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265246

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265246.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM BRITISH ACADEMY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.britishacademy.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright British Academy, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in BASO for personal use.date: 30 July 2021

The Free Afro-Brazilians in a Slave Society

The Free Afro-Brazilians in a Slave Society

(p.226) (p.227) 11 The Free Afro-Brazilians in a Slave Society
Racism and Ethnic Relations in the Portuguese-Speaking World


British Academy

This chapter evaluates the free coloured class under slavery in imperial Brazil. Being the largest such group in the Americas, the free coloureds by the middle of the nineteenth century were also by far the single largest ethnic/status group in Brazilian society. The chapter examines how and why this class emerged and how it evolved through the complex processes of manumission, stressing the increasing pace of these manumissions in the nineteenth century as well as the biases in age and sex of the newly emancipated slaves. The social, economic and even political role of these free coloureds within the slave society is analysed along with their relationship to whites and the slave population. The chapter then stresses how the existence of this free class before abolition affected the integration of all Afro-Brazilians after the abolition of slavery.

Keywords:   imperial Brazil, slavery, free coloured class, manumission, abolition

British Academy Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.