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Racism and Ethnic Relations in the Portuguese-Speaking World$
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Francisco Bethencourt and Adrian Pearce

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265246

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265246.001.0001

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From Marco Polo to Manuel I of Portugal: The Image of the East African Coast in the Early Sixteenth Century

From Marco Polo to Manuel I of Portugal: The Image of the East African Coast in the Early Sixteenth Century

Chapter:
(p.281) 14 From Marco Polo to Manuel I of Portugal: The Image of the East African Coast in the Early Sixteenth Century
Source:
Racism and Ethnic Relations in the Portuguese-Speaking World
Author(s):

JEAN MICHEL MASSING

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197265246.003.0015

Less than twenty years after Vasco da Gama joined the commercial perimeter of the Indian Ocean (1497–8), European artists had developed a view of the newly discovered lands, ranging from highly exotic and sometimes quite fanciful renderings based on medieval sources (the ‘Tapestries of the Indies’) to careful ethnographic illustrations based on written and visual sources (Hans Burgkmair's large woodcut frieze, People of Africa and India, of 1508). These few years, in which the monstrance of Belém of 1506 (Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga, Lisbon) was produced with the gold of Kilwa, also saw an interesting development in Portuguese gold coinage. All these ventures record a brief moment of European fascination with the east coast of Africa and its multicultural inhabitants, which is the object of this study.

Keywords:   Portugal, East Africa, Indian Ocean, Manuel I, Vasco da Gama, António Carneiro, Belém monstrance, gold coinage, tapestries of Indies, Hans Burgkmair

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