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Racism and Ethnic Relations in the Portuguese-Speaking World$
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Francisco Bethencourt and Adrian Pearce

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265246

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265246.001.0001

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Mulattos in Brazil and Angola: A Comparative Approach, from the Seventeenth to the Twenty-First Century

Mulattos in Brazil and Angola: A Comparative Approach, from the Seventeenth to the Twenty-First Century

Chapter:
(p.71) 4 Mulattos in Brazil and Angola: A Comparative Approach, from the Seventeenth to the Twenty-First Century
Source:
Racism and Ethnic Relations in the Portuguese-Speaking World
Author(s):

LUIZ FELIPE DE ALENCASTRO

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197265246.003.0005

Portuguese enclaves in Brazil and Angola maintained bilateral trade and cultural exchanges from the sixteenth to the middle of the nineteenth century. While in Brazil the growth of the mulatto population appears as a key feature of Luso-Brazilian colonialism, and Afro-Brazilians have come to constitute the majority of the current Brazilian population, mulattos never exceeded 2 per cent of the Angolan population prior to the 1970s. And yet Luso-Brazilian miscegenation eventually became the bedrock of ‘lusotropicalism’, an essential component of Portugal's colonial ideology in the second half of the twentieth century. To understand these paradoxes, beyond the demographic figures, this chapter examines the historical processes concerning mulattos as a group on both sides of the South Atlantic. Among its conclusions is that miscegenation is a necessary but insufficient condition for the growth of a mulatto population.

Keywords:   Brazil, Angola relations, miscegenation, mulattos, lusotropicalism

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