Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
PeriphrasisThe Role of Syntax and Morphology in Paradigms$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Marina Chumakina and Greville Corbett

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265253

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265253.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM BRITISH ACADEMY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.britishacademy.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright British Academy, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in BASO for personal use.date: 08 May 2021

Periphrasis in the Sanskrit Verb System*

Periphrasis in the Sanskrit Verb System*

(p.105) 5 Periphrasis in the Sanskrit Verb System*

Gregory Stump

British Academy

Ancient Sanskrit had two tenses of particular interest: periphrastic perfect and periphrastic future. At first glance, they are rather similar: both realize a particular value of tense through a combination of a lexical verb (devoid of personal agreement) and an agreeing auxiliary. There are, however, important differences which are revealed in this chapter: the periphrastic future is available for every verb, and can be distinguished from the synthetic future on semantic grounds, while the periphrastic perfect is available only for certain verbs, and these do not make up a semantically homogeneous group. A formal analysis is proposed, within Paradigm Function Morphology, for the two periphrastic tenses. It is demonstrated that a morphological rather than a purely syntactic account is preferable here. The verbs with a periphrastic perfect make up a conjugation class; on the other hand, the periphrastic future is formalized as a morphosyntactic property whose default realization is periphrastic.

Keywords:   linguistics, syntax, Sanskrit, Paradigm Function Morphology, verbal categories, perfect, diachronic change

British Academy Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.