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PeriphrasisThe Role of Syntax and Morphology in Paradigms$
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Marina Chumakina and Greville Corbett

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265253

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265253.001.0001

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Periphrasis and Possible Lexemes1

Periphrasis and Possible Lexemes1

(p.169) 7 Periphrasis and Possible Lexemes1

Greville G. Corbett

British Academy

Periphrasis can be investigated for the ways in which it splits the paradigms of lexemes (into periphrastic and non-periphrastic parts); this is done in the context of other morphological phenomena which also split paradigms. This chapter proposes a typology of splits. First, the splits can be motivated ‘externally’, for example by different morphosyntactic or morphosemantic features, as in Russian where verbs are split by periphrasis and by stem alternation in line with tense differentiation. Alternatively, splits may follow a division internal to morphology (morphomic); we find this in a Romanian dialect example, where periphrastic forms do not make a coherent morphosyntactic group, but follow an already existing pattern of stem alternation. All this demonstrates that periphrasis splits lexemes in the same ways as other morphological phenomena, such as suppletion, stem alternation, and heteroclisis. It points to the conclusion that the periphrastic part of the paradigm may not be homogeneous, and the splits induced by periphrasis are comparable to other morphological splits.

Keywords:   linguistics, morphology, syntax, morphosyntactic features, paradigm structure, stem alternation, suppletion, heteroclisis, lexical splits, typology

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