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PeriphrasisThe Role of Syntax and Morphology in Paradigms$
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Marina Chumakina and Greville Corbett

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265253

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265253.001.0001

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Sentence Negation and Periphrasis

Sentence Negation and Periphrasis

(p.227) 9 Sentence Negation and Periphrasis

Andrew Spencer

British Academy

In order to establish a typological picture of periphrastic negation, this chapter begins from the criteria for periphrasis established by Ackerman and Stump. These are feature intersection, non-compositionality, and distributed exponence. It is argued that while the first two work well for defining periphrasis, the third criterion is not sufficiently robust, and should therefore be substituted by the criterion of multiple exponence. Multiple exponence is a recurrent feature of morphology and therefore, when found in a syntactic construction, it signals its morphology-like status. The chapter analyses the applicability of the criteria by testing them on data from genetically and typologically diverse languages (such as Japanese, and languages within Oto-Manguean, Nilotic, Tungusic, Uralic, Nakh-Daghestanian, and Semitic languages). It shows the extent to which the existing criteria can be applied to languages of different types, and justifies the new criterion (multiple exponence) for identifying periphrasis.

Keywords:   linguistics, morphology, syntax, typology, negation, feature intersection, non-compositionality, distributed exponence, multiple exponence

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