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Writing the History of the GlobalChallenges for the Twenty-First Century$
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Maxine Berg

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265321

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265321.001.0001

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The European miracle in global history: an East Asian perspective

The European miracle in global history: an East Asian perspective

(p.129) 9 The European miracle in global history: an East Asian perspective
Writing the History of the Global

Kaoru Sugihara

British Academy

The ‘European miracle’ needs to be compared to an East Asian development path. In East Asia efficient institutions fostered great use of labour, an ‘industrious revolution’ path entailing extensive use of family labour and systems of double cropping. The result was a ‘labour-intensive industrialization’ such as occurred in Meiji Japan. That labour-intensive path now shapes the centres of most of the world's manufacturing employment, currently situated in East, South-east and South Asia. The challenge for Japan and other East Asian economies has been to develop resource- and energy-saving technologies.

Keywords:   East Asia, development path, European miracle, industrious revolution, family labour, double cropping, Meiji Japan, labour-intensive technologies, manufacturing employment, energy-saving technologies

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