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Ancient Egyptian LiteratureTheory and Practice$
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Roland Enmarch and Verena M. Lepper

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265420

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265420.001.0001

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Papyrus Queen’s College Recto

Papyrus Queen’s College Recto

A Narrative in Abnormal Hieratic

(p.143) 8 Papyrus Queen’s College Recto
Ancient Egyptian Literature

Hans-W. Fischer-Elfert

British Academy

The manuscript which is the topic of this chapter contains the first literary text in abnormal hieratic, a script used mainly for documentary texts in the Twenty-fifth and Twenty-sixth Dynasties. As far as it is preserved and comprehensible, the plot seems to revolve around a court proceeding between two priests at the Heliopolitan temple of Atum-Re-Harakhty. The text contains oaths by the sun-god, as well as an interesting dialogue between a king called Usermaatre and the chief god of Heliopolis. The story ends with a verdict, declaring one of the priests ‘not guilty’ and his opponent the opposite. One of the main characters is the prince of Heliopolis-Athribis called Hem-na-nefi, a pseudonym for one of the several Twenty-fifth Dynasty holders of this title in the 12th and 13th Lower Egyptian nomes named Bak-en-na-nefu. The text's style and rhetoric suggest it is at least a semi-literary juridical narrative.

Keywords:   abnormal hieratic, Twenty-fifth Dynasty, literature, narrative, Heliopolis, Athribis, Bak-en-na-nefu

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