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Religion, Language and Community in the Roman Near East – Constantine to Muhammad - British Academy Scholarship Online
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Religion, Language and Community in the Roman Near East: Constantine to Muhammad

Fergus Millar


This book explores the way in which different ethnic, religious and linguistic communities co-existed and conflicted in the Roman Near East in the three centuries between the conversion of the Emperor Constantine to Christianity in 312 and the beginning of Muhammad's preaching in about 610. In the fourth century, a major role was played by Greek-speaking pagans, most notably the great orator, Libanius, from Antioch in Syria. After about 400, however, the public observance of pagan rituals died away under the pressure of Christianity. But the Greek language, as used in the Church, remained domi ... More

Keywords: conversion, Roman Near East, pagans, Libanius, rituals, Syriac, Christianity, Islam, Aramaic, Arabs

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780197265574
Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2015 DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197265574.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Fergus Millar, author
Camden Professor of Ancient History (Emeritus), University of Oxford