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China–IndiaPathways of Economic and Social Development$
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Delia Davin and Barbara Harriss-White

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265673

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265673.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM BRITISH ACADEMY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.britishacademy.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright British Academy, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in BASO for personal use.date: 26 February 2021

China: Energy, Environment, and Limits to Growth

China: Energy, Environment, and Limits to Growth

(p.175) 9 China: Energy, Environment, and Limits to Growth

Minqi Li

British Academy

China has achieved rapid economic growth over the past three decades. However, the benefits of growth have not been shared evenly and the growth has been achieved with very high environmental costs. The underlying trends in term of air pollution, water usage and pollution, soil erosion and land degradation, as well as energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions are unsustainable. The current trends could potentially lead to major collapses of China’s as well as the global ecological systems. It is unlikely that the current trends can be reversed within an economic system dominated by private ownership of the means of production and market competition. An alternative system based on democratic planning and social needs may be required for China to deliver ecological sustainability while meeting the population’s basic needs.

Keywords:   China, rapid economic growth, environment, pollution, degradation, ecology, sustainability

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