Rum and Jawa
Rum and Jawa
The Vicissitudes of Documenting a Long-Distance Relationship
Imagined connections between a shadowy Rum in the west and Jawa in the east took concrete political form only in the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries, when Aceh and other Southeast Asian states acknowledged the Ottoman ruler as their lord and Caliph. Scholarly and public recognition of these exceptional moments, and of the prominence of the Ottoman Caliph for Southeast Asian Muslims, was long delayed. This chapter emphasises the process by which Aceh's submission to Ottoman sovereignty in the 1560s was remembered in Aceh, and the means by which Ottoman documentation of it was rediscovered in the nineteenth century to be used to evade the Dutch colonial advance. It also traces the historiography of Turkey–Aceh relations down to the recent advances in Ottoman documentation through the British Academy project.
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