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From Anatolia to AcehOttomans, Turks, and Southeast Asia$
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Andrew Peacock and Annabel Teh Gallop

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265819

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265819.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM BRITISH ACADEMY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.britishacademy.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright British Academy, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in BASO for personal use.date: 27 July 2021

The Ottoman Caliphate and Muslims of the Philippine Archipelago during the Early Modern Era

The Ottoman Caliphate and Muslims of the Philippine Archipelago during the Early Modern Era

Chapter:
(p.121) 6 The Ottoman Caliphate and Muslims of the Philippine Archipelago during the Early Modern Era
Source:
From Anatolia to Aceh
Author(s):

Isaac Donoso

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197265819.003.0006

This chapter examines the Ottoman role in politics in the Philippines with especial reference to the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries, when much of the Philippine Archipelago came under Spanish control. Spanish documents analysed here suggest that colonial policy-makers were profoundly concerned about potential Ottoman influence over the Muslim sultanates of the Philippines—Sulu and Maguindanao. The Spanish archival and literary sources also contain records of attempts by the Philippine sultanates to contact the Ottoman Caliph in Istanbul, not merely to counter the Spanish threat but also to intervene in internal disputes. These efforts never seem to have met with success. Eventually, instead of gaining Ottoman protection, and despite adopting Caliphal titles, at the end of the nineteenth century the Philippine sultanates were forced to accept Spanish suzerainty.

Keywords:   Philippines, Caliphate, Sulu sultanate, Maguindanao sultanate, Caliph, Spanish documents

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