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From Anatolia to AcehOttomans, Turks, and Southeast Asia$
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Andrew Peacock and Annabel Teh Gallop

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265819

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265819.001.0001

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The Ottomans and Southeast Asia Prior to the Hamidian Era

The Ottomans and Southeast Asia Prior to the Hamidian Era

A Critique of Colonial Perceptions of Ottoman–Southeast Asian Interaction

(p.149) 7 The Ottomans and Southeast Asia Prior to the Hamidian Era
From Anatolia to Aceh

İsmaİl Hakki Kadi

British Academy

In the light of new evidence on interactions between the Ottoman Empire and Southeast Asia, this chapter contests certain notions such as the excessive emphasis put on Abdülhamid II as the initiator of Ottoman involvement in the wider Islamic world; the idea that this involvement was designed by the Ottoman administration, who wanted to take advantage of the Caliphate for its political ends; and the presumption that the Hadhramis in the European colonies in Southeast Asia were agents of Ottoman ‘pan-Islamist’ policies in the region. Conversely, it is argued that the nineteenth-century Ottoman interest in Southeast Asia pre-dates the Hamidian era. It is also argued that the Ottoman involvement in the region was a result of various initiatives from the region. Finally, it seeks to re-evaluate the position of the Hadhrami sayyids in these interactions and argues that they were the agents of Southeast Asian voices in Istanbul.

Keywords:   Ottoman Empire, Southeast Asia, Abdülhamid II, Caliphate, Hadhramis, sayyids, pan-Islamism, colonialism

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