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From Anatolia to AcehOttomans, Turks, and Southeast Asia$
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Andrew Peacock and Annabel Teh Gallop

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265819

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265819.001.0001

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Acehnese Appeals for Ottoman Protection in the Late Nineteenth Century

Acehnese Appeals for Ottoman Protection in the Late Nineteenth Century

(p.175) 8 Acehnese Appeals for Ottoman Protection in the Late Nineteenth Century
From Anatolia to Aceh

İsmaİl Hakki Göksoy

British Academy

During the Aceh War (1873 to 1903) Aceh appealed for Ottoman support and protection against the Dutch. The main purpose of this chapter is to examine these appeals and the Ottoman authorities’ responses to them, based mainly on the Turkish archival sources. Acehnese leaders sent several letters to Sultan Abdülhamid II, asking for help against the Dutch. In 1891, Sharif ῾Ali b. Isma῾il went to Istanbul to bring Aceh under Ottoman sovereignty. The Acehnese tried to establish relations with the Ottomans through the visit of the Turkish frigate Ertuğrul to Singapore in 1890 and the Ottoman representation in Batavia. Although the Ottoman authorities showed a considerable interest in Aceh matters, this did not materialise because of the current political circumstances. Aceh's distance from Ottoman lands and the lack of sufficient information on the region, coupled with problems in communications, also caused the Ottomans to approach the problem of Aceh cautiously.

Keywords:   Aceh, Aceh War, Ottoman–Aceh relations, Aceh and Turkey, frigate Ertuğrul

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