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From Anatolia to AcehOttomans, Turks, and Southeast Asia$
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Andrew Peacock and Annabel Teh Gallop

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265819

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265819.001.0001

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Indonesian Readings of Turkish History, 1890s to 1940s

Indonesian Readings of Turkish History, 1890s to 1940s

(p.241) 11 Indonesian Readings of Turkish History, 1890s to 1940s
From Anatolia to Aceh

Chiara Formichi

British Academy

Exploring Indonesian-language newspapers and books produced between 1892 and 1949, this chapter identifies how localised visions and impressions of the last period of the Ottoman Empire resonated with the Indies’ own socio-political realities, with a focus on pre-independence political debates (1926–50). Through an analysis of the Indies’ readers’ profane fascination with the sultan's lifestyle and the empire's military successes, and their admiration for Mustafa Kemal's reforms, which shaped Turkey as a secular, industrialised, independent and ultimately ‘modern’ nation-state, the chapter discusses how the multi-layered phenomenon of ‘modernity’ became, in the context of pre-independence Indonesia, reduced to a dichotomous choice between political Islam and secularism. Soekarno, Natsir, Soetomo and other intellectuals representative of the anti-colonial front framed the debate on progress, or kemadjoean, as much in social and economic terms as in matters Islamic.

Keywords:   Indonesia, Turkey, Kemalism, Islam, modernity, secularism, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, Soekarno, kemadjoean

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