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From Anatolia to AcehOttomans, Turks, and Southeast Asia$
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Andrew Peacock and Annabel Teh Gallop

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780197265819

Published to British Academy Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265819.001.0001

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New Textual Evidence for Intellectual and Religious Connections between the Ottomans and Aceh

New Textual Evidence for Intellectual and Religious Connections between the Ottomans and Aceh

Chapter:
(p.293) 13 New Textual Evidence for Intellectual and Religious Connections between the Ottomans and Aceh
Source:
From Anatolia to Aceh
Author(s):

Oman Fathurahman

Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:10.5871/bacad/9780197265819.003.0013

This chapter discusses Arabic and Malay texts which prove the existence of an intellectual Islamic connection between Aceh and the Ottomans. The central figure in this connection is Ibrahim al-Kurani (1616–90), a Kurdish scholar who was born in Shahrazur, a town in present-day Iraqi Kurdistan. In this context Shahrazur deserves special mention since it produced numerous scholars who would have an impact on the development of Islam in Southeast Asia, including Aceh. In terms of Ottoman–Aceh intellectual connections, al-Kurani's role was particularly significant. He wrote an Arabic Sufi work entitled Itḥāf al-dhakī, which was transmitted by his Malay pupil, ῾Abd al-Ra᾿uf (1615–93), in both Arabic and Malay versions. This study also brought to light two khuṭbah manuscripts from Aceh, which illustrate clearly the involvement of Aceh in the khuṭbah networks of the Ottoman Empire in the nineteenth century.

Keywords:   Aceh, khuṭbah, Itḥāf al-dhakī, Ibrahim al-Kurani, ῾Abd al-Ra᾿uf, Ottoman Empire, khuṭbah networks, Malay texts, intellectual Islamic connections, Sufism

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